Lecture2 pob


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Lecture2 pob

  1. 1. Int 2 PE Preparation of the Body Lecture 2 – Data Collection
  2. 2. Data Collection <ul><li>It is vital that before we start a programme of improvement, that we measure our initial levels of fitness </li></ul><ul><li>We can measure our fitness in a number of different ways </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Observation Schedules </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Standardised tests </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Training diaries </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge of results </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Types of Data <ul><li>We are going to focus on </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Observation schedules to collect our INITIAL DATA </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Standardised Tests to collect our FOCUSED DATA </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Data Collection <ul><li>Observation schedules are useful tools for assessing fitness levels as: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They provide us with information about our performance related fitness (within a game environment – a match analysis) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They are flexible – you build in to your observation schedule the variables you want to measure </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NOTE OF CAUTION!!! – These do not provide definitive answers : Be careful not to come to the wrong conclusions! </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Data Collection <ul><li>Try to analyse this observation schedule </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What does it show about the players cardio-respiratory endurance? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When in the game does the players performance “drop-off”? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What was the second half performance like compared to the first? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The key is x=unsuccessfull </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> /= successfull </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Data Collection x Xx /xx Xx/ Xxx/ Xxx 16-20 Xx Xxx/ Xx// /xx Xxx/ 11-15 x/x X Xx// //x/x Xx//x Xx/ 6-10 //x x// ///x/ x//// ////x/ //x/ 2 nd half 0-5 x X Xxx/ Xx/x Xxx /xx 16-20 x/x/x Xx // /xx//x Xx/x /xx// 11-15 /// x/ //x/ //xx ///x/ //x 6-10 // / ///x // ////// ///// 1 st half 0-5 Shooting Heading Tackling Dribbling Passing Control Time(mins)
  7. 7. Data Collection <ul><li>Note – this observation schedule was designed to show the “drop off” or deterioration of skills which result from the on-set of fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>“ If the player lacks cardio-respiratory endurance I would expect his skills to deteriorate quicker. As he improves his cardio-respiratory endurance I would expect him to last longer and be able to perform the skills more consistently throughout the match” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Data Collection <ul><li>Observation schedules are most accurately completed when you use a video camera. This allows you to: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Watch the performance over and over again </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stop/start the video when you want </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slow/speed up the action </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MOST IMPORTANTLY – Ensures the data you have collected is accurate! </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Data Collection <ul><li>After coming to the conclusion that there is a problem with one aspect of fitness, we need to get more FOCUSED DATA </li></ul><ul><li>We can do this by using STANDARDISED TESTS </li></ul>
  10. 10. Data Collection <ul><li>Standardised tests allow us to measure our fitness levels in a controlled fashion </li></ul><ul><li>We can also use them to compare our result to what is the ‘norm’ for our age group/performance level </li></ul><ul><li>Standardised test are also very useful as they allow us to complete the test over and over(under the same conditions) to monitor improvements/deterioration of performance </li></ul>
  11. 11. Data Collection <ul><li>How many different standardised tests can you name and what do they measure? </li></ul><ul><li>i.e. Sit and reach test - flexibility </li></ul>
  12. 12. Data Collection <ul><li>If I did an 8 week training programme for cardio-respiratory endurance, how many tests would I do? </li></ul><ul><li>Who would complete the tests? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we ensure all the tests are the same/all the data is valid? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Data Collection <ul><li>Answer – 5!! </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 To collect my initial data (observation schedule) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 to collect my focused data (Standardised test) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 after 4 weeks of my programme to see if their has been any improvement (repeat of standardised test) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 at the end of 8 weeks to measure improvements at the end of the programme (repeat of standardised test) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 more observation schedule to see if improved cardio-respiratory endurance has impacted on my overall performance. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Data Collection <ul><li>The same person who monitored the tests in the first instance would monitor the rest – to ensure consistency </li></ul><ul><li>Standardised tests help ensure validity of data – tests always done under the same conditions with the same variables. </li></ul>