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9 Jamestown


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  • 1. Jamestown The First Colony
  • 2. The Beginning…
    • London Company sent 3 ships (104 people)
      • Discovery, Susan Constant, Godspeed
    • To Virginia for gold, silver, and copper
    • April 26,1607
    • Sailed into river (Named it after King James)
    • Built fort on peninsula
    • Named it Jamestown
  • 3. Jamestown
    • Endless troubles
      • Swampy
      • Fever-bearing mosquitoes
      • Malaria
      • Unable to build houses and plant crops before winter
    • End of summer- over half dead, others dying
    • 1 st ship from England a year later
      • Only 38 still alive
  • 4. Fixing the problem?
    • King James made council
      • Mostly London Company stockholders
      • Knew nothing of situation
      • Insisted on finding gold
    • Created local council (no authority)
    • Lots of arguing among settlers
    • Poorly Prepared
      • No farming or carpentry skills
      • Not used to hard labor
    • Didn’t realize the hard work ahead of them
  • 5. John Smith (in general)
    • English sailor, solider, and writer
    • Man of action- took charge
    • Seen much more of the world
    • Fought in many eastern Europe wars against the Turks
    • Once captured, sold into slavery, and escaped
    • After Jamestown, in sailing expedition caught by French pirates – and escaped from them
    • Lived out the rest of his life in England writing.
  • 6. John Smith (in Jamestown)
    • Took charge when no one else would (or could)
    • Elected president of Virginia Council
    • Bargained for food with Indians
    • Stopped search for gold
    • Put people to work building shelters and planting crops
    • Hard work and discipline worked
  • 7. London Company Steps In
    • Decide the colony needs a governor
    • Sends 9 ships with 600 people
    • The first governor put off coming
    • Lord De La Warr
    • Smith had to return to England for supplies and convince investors to spend more money
    • Without Smith rules and organization fell apart
    • 1609-1610 called the “starving time”
  • 8. Homework
    • Write a journal article pretending to be one of the first to live in Jamestown.
    • Include
      • Date- Sometime shortly after April 26 1607
      • Who you were with?
      • What things did you see? New things
      • What was difficult? Fun?
      • What you think your future will be like in Jamestown.