9 Jamestown

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9 Jamestown

  1. 1. Jamestown The First Colony
  2. 2. The Beginning… <ul><li>London Company sent 3 ships (104 people) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discovery, Susan Constant, Godspeed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To Virginia for gold, silver, and copper </li></ul><ul><li>April 26,1607 </li></ul><ul><li>Sailed into river (Named it after King James) </li></ul><ul><li>Built fort on peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>Named it Jamestown </li></ul>
  3. 3. Jamestown <ul><li>Endless troubles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Swampy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fever-bearing mosquitoes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Malaria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unable to build houses and plant crops before winter </li></ul></ul><ul><li>End of summer- over half dead, others dying </li></ul><ul><li>1 st ship from England a year later </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only 38 still alive </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Fixing the problem? <ul><li>King James made council </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mostly London Company stockholders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knew nothing of situation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insisted on finding gold </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Created local council (no authority) </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of arguing among settlers </li></ul><ul><li>Poorly Prepared </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No farming or carpentry skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not used to hard labor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Didn’t realize the hard work ahead of them </li></ul>
  5. 5. John Smith (in general) <ul><li>English sailor, solider, and writer </li></ul><ul><li>Man of action- took charge </li></ul><ul><li>Seen much more of the world </li></ul><ul><li>Fought in many eastern Europe wars against the Turks </li></ul><ul><li>Once captured, sold into slavery, and escaped </li></ul><ul><li>After Jamestown, in sailing expedition caught by French pirates – and escaped from them </li></ul><ul><li>Lived out the rest of his life in England writing. </li></ul>
  6. 6. John Smith (in Jamestown) <ul><li>Took charge when no one else would (or could) </li></ul><ul><li>Elected president of Virginia Council </li></ul><ul><li>Bargained for food with Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Stopped search for gold </li></ul><ul><li>Put people to work building shelters and planting crops </li></ul><ul><li>Hard work and discipline worked </li></ul>
  7. 7. London Company Steps In <ul><li>Decide the colony needs a governor </li></ul><ul><li>Sends 9 ships with 600 people </li></ul><ul><li>The first governor put off coming </li></ul><ul><li>Lord De La Warr </li></ul><ul><li>Smith had to return to England for supplies and convince investors to spend more money </li></ul><ul><li>Without Smith rules and organization fell apart </li></ul><ul><li>1609-1610 called the “starving time” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Homework <ul><li>Write a journal article pretending to be one of the first to live in Jamestown. </li></ul><ul><li>Include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Date- Sometime shortly after April 26 1607 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who you were with? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What things did you see? New things </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What was difficult? Fun? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What you think your future will be like in Jamestown. </li></ul></ul>

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