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Immigration 10 6
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Immigration 10 6

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Transcript

  • 1. Immigration & The American Identity
  • 2. Welcoming new immigrants
    • Land of Freedom - politics
    • Melting Pot - culture
    • Upward Mobility - economics
    • Immigration & Industrialization - required each other
  • 3. Who are they?
    • 24 mil. From 1860-1920
    • Old Immigrants
    • pre -1880 85% from N & W Europe
    • New Immigrants
    • post- 1880 80% from E & S Europe
  • 4. Continued...
    • More New Immigrants
    • 1 million from Asia & 1 million from L. America (mostly after 1910)
  • 5. PUSH FACTORS
    • Economic motivations
    • Global Expansion of capitalism
    • Downturn of agricultural economy
    • Political Upheaval
  • 6.
    • Pogroms - 1.4 million in NYC’s Lower East Side by 1910-1911
    • Mexican Revolution 1910-1911
    • 1900-1930 to 1.1 Million in SW
  • 7. Family Decision
    • Male migratory wage earners
    • 50% returned to Europe
    • Chain migration
    • Family reunification
  • 8. Pull Factors
    • American Business Factors
    • Labor recruiters
    • Industrial Revolution = demand for labor
  • 9. Labor Stratification
    • Economic benefits for employers = make more $
    • Labor Unions created
    • Anti-Immigration
    • KOL
    • AFL
    • jobs for “Americans”
  • 10. Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
    • 1st group to be excluded based on nationality and class
    • Chinese laborers targeted for immigration exclusion
    • all Chinese immigrants denied right to become naturalized citizens
  • 11. Social Classes & Discrimination
    • Discrimination by upper and middle classes
    • Social Darwinism - “Scientific” basis for justifying racial hierarchy
    • Eugenics
  • 12. 1924 Immigration Act
    • Nationality Quota System
    • in place until 1965
    • 2% of 1890 census
    • 164,000 total/year
    • Targeted towards reducing S & E European immigration
  • 13. Assimilation
    • Education
    • popular culture
    • upward economic mobility
  • 14. Photos
  • 15.  
  • 16.  
  • 17.  
  • 18.  
  • 19. Photo Credits
    • http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/ellis-island/ellis-island-north.jpghttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ed/Ellis_Island_arrivals.jpg
    • http://www.sbschools.org/schools/bc/mediacenter/immigration/images/ellis_island.jpg
    • http://www.fortunecity.com/littleitaly/amalfi/100/ellis8.jpg
    • http://msnvideouk.vo.llnwd.net/d1/aetn/400x300_EllisIsland_EllisIsland.jpg

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