1. TESTING LITERATURE
By Mr. Kurt S. Candilas
2. Why should we test literature?
• to elicit a specific response
• to develop literary competence
• to bring a literary piece of art to students
intellectual and emotional baggage
• to develop decision-making and meaningmaking
3. Tips on Literature Testing
1. Aim for balanced test. The test can include
knowledge and skills items; guided,
controlled and free response items; and
productive and receptive response type
2. Use actual, authentic texts. The items require
contact with actual texts. This will eliminate
dependence on prepared or memorized
4. 3. Provide linguistic support when necessary.
Vocabulary and/or structure (grammar) helps
eliminate can help eliminate linguistics
difficulties that hinder the application of
4. Test items should require the application of
skills and principles.
5. Test items should encourage the transfer of
skills from familiar texts to unfamiliar ones.
6. Write the test items to meet student level,
not tutor expectations.
5. 7. The test items should give abstract concepts a
practical and concrete focus.
8. Devise questions that would encourage the
test-takers to identify with and personalize the
texts they meet.
9. Translate into test situations those activities
found to be motivating in the classroom.
6. What are the common forms in
True or False
7. Multiple Choice
Dappled things in line 1 refer to all things that God
 Difficult to design but easy to mark
 Exclusively examines knowledge
 Knowledge is limited to options provided
 Encourages guessing (25% chance)
 More than one option may be possible
8. True or False
Noam Chomsky is known as the father of
Does not demonstrate broader knowledge
Difficult to construct in higher levels
Encourages guessing due to 50/50 chance
Difficult to test attitudes toward learning
9. Gap Filling
William Shakespeare was an English ____________.
 They must have a broader context
 More than one option may be possible (unless
tester provides limited options or first letter)
 Tests can focus on content words
 Production is tested unless options are provided
 Focus should be on the aspect assessed
10. Essay Test
Check out the language meaning of the song and
explain its denotation and connotation in
 frequently essay questions in literature course are
based on subject matter discussed in class.
 requires the students to organize their thoughts
and substantiate their interpretations.
 a highly valid test form
11. Knowledge Question: Reading
Identify the following characters and briefly
describe their roles.
 encourages reading of the texts
 they are authentic and communicative
 a highly valid test form
12. Oral Test
 favor the students who express themselves
fluently in the target language
 permit a broader sampling of the subject matter
 confront with more direct questions
 difficult too score with complete reliability
 Teacher and student rapport may tend to
influence the best grade
13. THE END