THE THIRTEEN      COLONIESEngland plants colonies in North           America
Sir Walter Raleigh Named the land in North America he claimed for England Virginia   For Queen Elizabeth-the “virgin queen...
1585 Roanoke Colony“The Lost Colony”
Joint Stock Company originally funded and maintained English colonies Several investors who pooled their wealth in support...
CHARTERan official permit to start a colony from theEnglish monarch who was entitled to aportion of the profits
COLONY # 1VIRGINIA
FIRST LASTINGSETTLEMENT JamestownFOUNDED 1607LEADER John Smith
Virginia Company Joint Stock Company that funded the settlement of Jamestown Charter from King James I   Jamestown, James ...
John Smith Became a leader of the Jamestown colony its first winter at age 28 “If any would not work, neither should he ea...
The Starving Time :1609-10 1609 – 600 new colonists 1610- only 60 survive Some accounts of cannibalism “sharp prick of hun...
Pocohantas daughter of Chief Powhatan defends the life of John Smith marries John Rolfe
John Rolfe Created a strain of tobacco that could become a cash crop for the Jamestown colonists
Tobacco Economy required alabor force HEADRIGHT SYSTEM (1618) INDENTURED SERVANTS SLAVERY (1619)
1619: The House of Burgesses An elected legislative body Burgess = a person invested with all the privileges of a citizen ...
COLONY # 2MASSACHUSETTS
FIRST SETTLEMENTPlymouthFOUNDED1620
English Reformation 16th century movement for religious reform Led to the founding of churches that rejected the Pope’s au...
Puritans A group in England who wanted to reform the Church of England Wanted to eliminate all traces of Roman Catholicism
Separatists Puritans who opposed those who wanted to reform the Church of England from within and wanted to form their own...
Pilgrims Separatists who fled England to escape persecution   Holland   North America
Mayflower Compact 1620 Considered the first written constitution in North America Radical idea   Government depends on the...
SECOND SETTLEMENTBOSTONFOUNDED1630LEADERJOHN WINTHROP
Massachusetts Bay Company Joint Stock company that funded the establishment of the Massachusetts Bay Colony   Boston – cap...
Great Puritan Migration 1629-1642 Over 14,000 settlers , mainly Puritans , arrived brought over by the Massachusetts Bay C...
The “Elect” Predestination Some humans predestined by God for eternal bliss = “the elect”   God would reveal his selection...
Colonial Governmentin the Massachusetts Bay Colony
General Court Lawmaking body which chose the colonial governor
Freeman Only stockholders in MBC and “the elect” - all adult male members of the Puritan Church - could vote No separation...
COLONY # 3NEW HAMPSHIRE     1623
NEW HAMPSHIREFIRST SETTLEMENT  ExeterFOUNDED  1623LEADER  John Wheelwright
COLONY # 4CONNECTICUT    1636
CONNECTICUTFIRST SETTLEMENT  HartfordFOUNDED  1636LEADER  Thomas Hooker
Fundamental Orders 1639 A constitution governing colonial Connecticut Establishing a democratic state controlled by “subst...
COLONY # 5MARYLAND  1632
MARYLANDFIRST SETTLEMENT St. Mary’sFOUNDED 1632LEADER George Calvert –the first Lord Baltimore
Lord Baltimore Catholic Englishman Founded the Maryland colony on the idea of religious freedom where Protestants and Cath...
Maryland Act of Toleration Landmark act passed by the Maryland assembly Guaranteed freedom of religion ( but only for Chri...
COLONY # 6RHODE ISLAND    1636
RHODE ISLANDFIRST SETTLEMENT  ProvidenceFOUNDED  1636LEADER  Roger Williams
Roger Williams Puritan who was tolerant of other religions   Did not believe in killing or punishing people   in the name ...
Roger Williams Started a colony called Providence which would become RI Bought land from the Native Americans to start the...
Roger Williams" We may praise him .. for his defense of  religious liberty and the separation of  church and state . He de...
Ann Hutchinson Religious dissenter (like Roger Williams) Put on trial for her beliefs Banished from the MBC Fled to RI and...
Chronological Order Protestant Reformation Founding of the Plymouth Colony The Great Puritan Migration Founding of Rhode I...
COLONY # 7DELEWARE   1638
DELEWAREFIRST SETTLEMENT WilmingtonFOUNDED 1638LEADER Peter Minuit
COLONY # 8NORTH CAROLINA     1663
NORTH CAROLINAFIRST SETTLEMENT  Albemarie CountyFOUNDED  1663LEADER  Group of eight proprietors
COLONY # 9SOUTH CAROLINA     1663
SOUTHCAROLINAFIRST SETTLEMENT  Charles Town (later Charleston)FOUNDED  1663LEADER  Group of eight proprietors
COLONY # 10NEW YORK  1664
NEW YORKFIRST SETTLEMENT  New York FOUNDED  1664LEADER  Peter Minuit
Henry Hudson Dutch explorer searching for the Northwest Passage Land in North America he claimed for Holland called New Ne...
Dutch West India Company The business that owned most of Holland’s colonies   Fur trading   More interested in its colonie...
Peter Stuyvesant Dutch governor of New Netherlands
1664 –British take NewNetherlands from Holland without firing a shot Given to the Duke of York by the King of England (his...
Proprietor Owners of colonies who expected the people who lived on their land to pay them a tax called a “quit rent”.
COLONY # 11NEW JERSEY   1664
NEW JERSEYFIRST SETTLEMENT  East Jersey – Carteret  West Jersey – SalemFOUNDED  1664LEADER  Lord Berkeley  Sir Carteret
COLONY # 12PENNSYLVANIA    1681
PENNSYLVANIAFIRST SETTLEMENT  PhiladelphiaFOUNDED  1681LEADER  William Penn
William Penn William Penn (October 14, 1644–July 30, 1718) founded the Province of Pennsylvania, the British North America...
COLONY # 13GEORGIA  1732
GEORGIAFIRST SETTLEMENT  SavannahFOUNDED  1732LEADER  James Oglethorpe
James Ogelthorpe Wanted to create a colony where debtors could go instead of going to jail   Debtors ended up being only a...
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  • Financial means for England’s first permanent colonization in America
  • 1. founding the thirteen colonies

    1. 1. THE THIRTEEN COLONIESEngland plants colonies in North America
    2. 2. Sir Walter Raleigh Named the land in North America he claimed for England Virginia For Queen Elizabeth-the “virgin queen” Planted the first English Colony on Roanoke Island (off the coast of what is now North Carolina)
    3. 3. 1585 Roanoke Colony“The Lost Colony”
    4. 4. Joint Stock Company originally funded and maintained English colonies Several investors who pooled their wealth in support of a colony Business venture for profit
    5. 5. CHARTERan official permit to start a colony from theEnglish monarch who was entitled to aportion of the profits
    6. 6. COLONY # 1VIRGINIA
    7. 7. FIRST LASTINGSETTLEMENT JamestownFOUNDED 1607LEADER John Smith
    8. 8. Virginia Company Joint Stock Company that funded the settlement of Jamestown Charter from King James I Jamestown, James River , etc… named for the king
    9. 9. John Smith Became a leader of the Jamestown colony its first winter at age 28 “If any would not work, neither should he eat.” Developed a relationship with the Powhatan tribe Left Jamestown 1607 : gunpowder accident
    10. 10. The Starving Time :1609-10 1609 – 600 new colonists 1610- only 60 survive Some accounts of cannibalism “sharp prick of hunger which no man can truly describe but he who hath tasted the bitterness thereof.”- CAPTAIN GEORGE PERCY –governor of Jamestown
    11. 11. Pocohantas daughter of Chief Powhatan defends the life of John Smith marries John Rolfe
    12. 12. John Rolfe Created a strain of tobacco that could become a cash crop for the Jamestown colonists
    13. 13. Tobacco Economy required alabor force HEADRIGHT SYSTEM (1618) INDENTURED SERVANTS SLAVERY (1619)
    14. 14. 1619: The House of Burgesses An elected legislative body Burgess = a person invested with all the privileges of a citizen Male landowners over age 17 eligible to vote for representatives Any decision required the approval of the Virginia Company in London First seed of American democracy
    15. 15. COLONY # 2MASSACHUSETTS
    16. 16. FIRST SETTLEMENTPlymouthFOUNDED1620
    17. 17. English Reformation 16th century movement for religious reform Led to the founding of churches that rejected the Pope’s authority Henry VIII broke with the Catholic Church and formed the Church of England (Anglican Church)
    18. 18. Puritans A group in England who wanted to reform the Church of England Wanted to eliminate all traces of Roman Catholicism
    19. 19. Separatists Puritans who opposed those who wanted to reform the Church of England from within and wanted to form their own separate congregations
    20. 20. Pilgrims Separatists who fled England to escape persecution Holland North America
    21. 21. Mayflower Compact 1620 Considered the first written constitution in North America Radical idea Government depends on the consent of the governed
    22. 22. SECOND SETTLEMENTBOSTONFOUNDED1630LEADERJOHN WINTHROP
    23. 23. Massachusetts Bay Company Joint Stock company that funded the establishment of the Massachusetts Bay Colony Boston – capital city
    24. 24. Great Puritan Migration 1629-1642 Over 14,000 settlers , mainly Puritans , arrived brought over by the Massachusetts Bay Company fleeing religious persecution against Puritans under King Charles I Plymouth Colony incorporated into the Massachusetts Bay Colony
    25. 25. The “Elect” Predestination Some humans predestined by God for eternal bliss = “the elect” God would reveal his selection to the “elect” Expected to lead sanctified lives
    26. 26. Colonial Governmentin the Massachusetts Bay Colony
    27. 27. General Court Lawmaking body which chose the colonial governor
    28. 28. Freeman Only stockholders in MBC and “the elect” - all adult male members of the Puritan Church - could vote No separation of church and state Theocracy Laws based on the Puritan religion No tolerance for religious dissent
    29. 29. COLONY # 3NEW HAMPSHIRE 1623
    30. 30. NEW HAMPSHIREFIRST SETTLEMENT ExeterFOUNDED 1623LEADER John Wheelwright
    31. 31. COLONY # 4CONNECTICUT 1636
    32. 32. CONNECTICUTFIRST SETTLEMENT HartfordFOUNDED 1636LEADER Thomas Hooker
    33. 33. Fundamental Orders 1639 A constitution governing colonial Connecticut Establishing a democratic state controlled by “substantial” citizens
    34. 34. COLONY # 5MARYLAND 1632
    35. 35. MARYLANDFIRST SETTLEMENT St. Mary’sFOUNDED 1632LEADER George Calvert –the first Lord Baltimore
    36. 36. Lord Baltimore Catholic Englishman Founded the Maryland colony on the idea of religious freedom where Protestants and Catholics could live together in peace
    37. 37. Maryland Act of Toleration Landmark act passed by the Maryland assembly Guaranteed freedom of religion ( but only for Christians ) Radical idea at this time The penalty for anyone who did not believe in Christ was to be hanged No toleration for Jews, atheists, muslims, etc…
    38. 38. COLONY # 6RHODE ISLAND 1636
    39. 39. RHODE ISLANDFIRST SETTLEMENT ProvidenceFOUNDED 1636LEADER Roger Williams
    40. 40. Roger Williams Puritan who was tolerant of other religions Did not believe in killing or punishing people in the name of Christianity Did not believe in a tax supported church Supported separation of church and state Indian land should be paid for Banished from MBC for his beliefs
    41. 41. Roger Williams Started a colony called Providence which would become RI Bought land from the Native Americans to start the colony Narranganset Indians helped him when he was banished Based on “freedom of conscience” Attracted Quakers, Catholics, Jews
    42. 42. Roger Williams" We may praise him .. for his defense of religious liberty and the separation of church and state . He deserves the tribute … but it falls short of the man. His greatness was simpler. He dared to think. " - Edmund Morgan who wrote a book about Roger Williams
    43. 43. Ann Hutchinson Religious dissenter (like Roger Williams) Put on trial for her beliefs Banished from the MBC Fled to RI and later to NY
    44. 44. Chronological Order Protestant Reformation Founding of the Plymouth Colony The Great Puritan Migration Founding of Rhode Island
    45. 45. COLONY # 7DELEWARE 1638
    46. 46. DELEWAREFIRST SETTLEMENT WilmingtonFOUNDED 1638LEADER Peter Minuit
    47. 47. COLONY # 8NORTH CAROLINA 1663
    48. 48. NORTH CAROLINAFIRST SETTLEMENT Albemarie CountyFOUNDED 1663LEADER Group of eight proprietors
    49. 49. COLONY # 9SOUTH CAROLINA 1663
    50. 50. SOUTHCAROLINAFIRST SETTLEMENT Charles Town (later Charleston)FOUNDED 1663LEADER Group of eight proprietors
    51. 51. COLONY # 10NEW YORK 1664
    52. 52. NEW YORKFIRST SETTLEMENT New York FOUNDED 1664LEADER Peter Minuit
    53. 53. Henry Hudson Dutch explorer searching for the Northwest Passage Land in North America he claimed for Holland called New Netherlands
    54. 54. Dutch West India Company The business that owned most of Holland’s colonies Fur trading More interested in its colonies in India
    55. 55. Peter Stuyvesant Dutch governor of New Netherlands
    56. 56. 1664 –British take NewNetherlands from Holland without firing a shot Given to the Duke of York by the King of England (his brother) renamed it New York
    57. 57. Proprietor Owners of colonies who expected the people who lived on their land to pay them a tax called a “quit rent”.
    58. 58. COLONY # 11NEW JERSEY 1664
    59. 59. NEW JERSEYFIRST SETTLEMENT East Jersey – Carteret West Jersey – SalemFOUNDED 1664LEADER Lord Berkeley Sir Carteret
    60. 60. COLONY # 12PENNSYLVANIA 1681
    61. 61. PENNSYLVANIAFIRST SETTLEMENT PhiladelphiaFOUNDED 1681LEADER William Penn
    62. 62. William Penn William Penn (October 14, 1644–July 30, 1718) founded the Province of Pennsylvania, the British North American colony that became the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. The democratic principles that he set forth served as an inspiration for the United States Constitution.
    63. 63. COLONY # 13GEORGIA 1732
    64. 64. GEORGIAFIRST SETTLEMENT SavannahFOUNDED 1732LEADER James Oglethorpe
    65. 65. James Ogelthorpe Wanted to create a colony where debtors could go instead of going to jail Debtors ended up being only a small percentage of the actual settlers The buffer colony from Spanish colonies south (Florida) From French claims west (Louisiana)

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