What exactly was the Treaty of Versailles and how did Germany react to it?
FRANCE USA BRITAIN “ SIGN THE TREATY OR WE WILL INVADE YOU……ITS YOUR CHOICE!”
THE TREATY WAR GUILT Germany had to accept the blame for starting the war MASSIVE ARMY CUTS The Army was cut to just 100,000 men, the Navy could only have 6 battleships and they were not allowed to build any planes, tanks or submarines. GERMAN LAND GIVEN AWAY Germany lost land to France, Poland, Belgium and Denmark. An area of Germany was even separated from the mainland . GERMANY’S EMPIRE All of Germany’s African colonies were taken away and given away to the Allied countries. PAY COMPENSATION This was know as reparations. Germany had to pay £6.6 Billion. This is about £500 Billion in today’s value. (100,000,000,000 German marks)
Not only did Germany lose about 10% of its land, it also consequently lost 10% of its population. German people were now living in foreign countries.
Today in the Hall of Mirrors of Versailles the disgraceful Treaty is being signed. Do not forget it. The German people will press forward to reconquer the place among nations to which we deserve. Then will come revenge for the shame of 1919. From a German Newspaper on the day the treaty was signed.
The war, just like the majority of countries, had left Germany almost bankrupt. As its people starved and the country lay in chaos the Allies gave them a bill that they simply could not afford. “ When we have paid 100,000,000,000 marks, then I shall be able to feed you.” These words were on a German newspaper cartoon from 1919. It showed a starving and crying baby and a Mother. The Mother was saying this to her child.
Germany was a proud country due to its military strength and strong traditions of dominance within that area of Europe. However, the treaty of Versailles created different feelings: Humiliation Bitterness Embarressment Revenge
What comes next? Weimar Germany 1923-1924 The problems continue - Economic Crisis