COLD WAR: How did the USA try and [prevent the spread of Communism?Presentation Transcript
How did the USA and USSR become Rivals in the period 1945 to 1949?
Why are the meetings at Yalta and Potsdam so important in understanding the beginnings of the Cold War?
How did the USA try and prevent the spread of Communism?
The Berlin Blockade: the Cold War begins the hot up
How did the USA try and prevent the spread of Communism? How did the USA and USSR become Rivals in the period 1945 to 1949?
Stalin I have taken control of Eastern Europe because I have to keep my country safe and secure. You wanted to destroy us before the war and you’ll want to destroy us after the war. I don’t like you lot!!! Truman Attlee We don’t like the look of this. This is proof to us that Stalin wants to spread Communism. We want free elections and freedom of speech. What can we do to make sure that the rest of Europe doesn’t become Communist?
Truman This is very important to me. Instead of following the ‘ISOLATION’ ideas that the USA had after WW1 I need to make sure that we help other countries from falling into the hands of that crazy Commie guy with the handlebar moustache!
I’ve got an idea! The Truman doctrine Truman felt that it was the duty of USA to protect the West from the USSR. He announced that the USA would give aid in the form of money and weapons to the poor countries of Europe. This idea was to try and ‘contain’ the USSR and prevent the spread of Communism. It became known as the Truman Doctrine . I’ll stop the Commies!!
General Marshall The ‘Marshall Plan’ was designed to help the war torn countries of Europe to recover from the years of WW2. The USA believed that the poorer a country was, the more likely that it would turn to Communism. The USA set up a massive fund for the countries in Europe in which all of them could apply. However, Stalin became suspicious of this plan and made sure that those countries within his control did not apply. $
Stalin I know what the Americans are up to. They are trying to gain influence over the countries under my control. This is proof to me that they are out to get me and that it is the USA that are trying to take over the world. This means no more Mr nice guy.
THE COLD WAR The use of the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan is usually seen as the start of the Cold War. Mutual suspicion and distrust resulted with the USSR and the USA becoming rivals. However. The Berlin Blockade would strengthen this rivalry.