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Unit 2 short answer questions
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Unit 2 short answer questions


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  • 2. Identify and describe the three party eras. How is the current period of government different than these eras?  Democrats vs. Whigs  Andrew Jackson appeals to the masses rather than the elite  Republicans vs. Democrats  ½ Republican Party began with the anti-slavery movement  2/2 Period of Capitalism and Big Business  Democrats vs. Republicans  FDR introduces the New Deal (government spending on social programs)  JFK and LBJ continue spending on social programs
  • 3. Identify and describe the three party eras. How is the current period of government different than these eras?  Current Period of government differs due the following:  No one party has been dominant through this era  Party Dealignment- voters are no longer clearly associated with a political party  Ticket splitting- voting for candidates from different political parties on the same ballot  Divided Government- president and the majority of congress are from different political parties
  • 4. Identify and describe the two ways states nominate candidates to go to the national convention. How has this process changed?  Primary- voters directly nominate candidates  Caucus- state party leaders work with voters to select candidates -Initially most states used a caucus as state party leaders nominated candidates in secret -Riot @ the 1968 Democratic National Convention by women and minority groups that felt under represented by the process -Led to the McGovern Frasier Commission which forbid party leaders from secretly selecting candidates. Most states switched to conduct primary elections
  • 5. Identify and describe two pieces of legislation that have attempted to regulate campaign financing. (list specific provisions) Discuss their effectiveness.  1974 Federal Election Campaign Act  Limited Individual Donations to $1000  Required candidates to disclose all donations and expenses  Created the FEC to enforce Campaign Laws  Groups must register as PACs to donate to candidates -LOOPHOLE- Soft money- money donated for generic party use  McCain Feingold Bill  Attempted to limit soft money donations
  • 6. Describe how the Electoral College works and list three criticisms of this system.  Electoral College  Each state is given a number of electors equal to its number of it’s representatives in the House and Senate  The candidate that wins the popular vote in each state receives all of that states electoral votes  The candidate that wins the majority (270) of the electoral votes wins the election  Criticisms  A candidate could win the popular vote but lose the election  System makes it difficult for third parties to gain significances  Swing states get most of the attention
  • 7. What happens over the course of an election year (Election Time Table)  See Timeline Diagram
  • 8. Identify two major differences between a political party and an interest group Interest Groups  Policy Specialist  Focus on a narrow range of issue  Influence Politics through:  Lobbying- using expert analysis to persuade and inform politicians  Electioneering- helping like minded candidates get elected by providing financial aid and campaign help  Litigation- challenge existing laws through the court system Political Parties  Policy Generalist  Focus on a wide range of issues  Influence Politics through attempting to win an election