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Unit 2 short answer questions

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Unit 2 short answer questions Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Short Answer Question
    Unit 2
  • 2. Identify and describe the three party eras. How is the current period of government different than these eras?
    Democrats vs. Whigs
    Andrew Jackson appeals to the masses rather than the elite
    Republicans vs. Democrats
    ½ Republican Party began with the anti-slavery movement
    2/2 Period of Capitalism and Big Business
    Democrats vs. Republicans
    FDR introduces the New Deal (government spending on social programs)
    JFK and LBJ continue spending on social programs
  • 3. Identify and describe the three party eras. How is the current period of government different than these eras?
    Current Period of government differs due the following:
    No one party has been dominant through this era
    Party Dealignment- voters are no longer clearly associated with a political party
    Ticket splitting- voting for candidates from different political parties on the same ballot
    Divided Government- president and the majority of congress are from different political parties
  • 4. Identify and describe the two ways states nominate candidates to go to the national convention. How has this process changed?
    Primary- voters directly nominate candidates
    Caucus- state party leaders work with voters to select candidates
    -Initially most states used a caucus as state party leaders nominated candidates in secret
    -Riot @ the 1968 Democratic National Convention by women and minority groups that felt under represented by the process
    -Led to the McGovern Frasier Commission which forbid party leaders from secretly selecting candidates. Most states switched to conduct primary elections
  • 5. Identify and describe two pieces of legislation that have attempted to regulate campaign financing. (list specific provisions) Discuss their effectiveness.
    1974 Federal Election Campaign Act
    Limited Individual Donations to $1000
    Required candidates to disclose all donations and expenses
    Created the FEC to enforce Campaign Laws
    Groups must register as PACs to donate to candidates
    -LOOPHOLE- Soft money- money donated for generic party use
    McCain Feingold Bill
    Attempted to limit soft money donations
  • 6. Describe how the Electoral College works and list three criticisms of this system.
    Electoral College
    Each state is given a number of electors equal to its number of it’s representatives in the House and Senate
    The candidate that wins the popular vote in each state receives all of that states electoral votes
    The candidate that wins the majority (270) of the electoral votes wins the election
    Criticisms
    A candidate could win the popular vote but lose the election
    System makes it difficult for third parties to gain significances
    Swing states get most of the attention
  • 7. What happens over the course of an election year (Election Time Table)
    See Timeline Diagram
  • 8. Identify two major differences between a political party and an interest group
    Interest Groups
    Policy Specialist
    Focus on a narrow range of issue
    Influence Politics through:
    Lobbying- using expert analysis to persuade and inform politicians
    Electioneering- helping like minded candidates get elected by providing financial aid and campaign help
    Litigation- challenge existing laws through the court system
    Political Parties
    Policy Generalist
    Focus on a wide range of issues
    Influence Politics through attempting to win an election