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  • 1.  
  • 2.
    • The Japanese believed that theater was discovered by the Gods
    • Gods passed that knowledge to the Japanese
    • Over centuries, theater developed into traditions
    • The first form of acting in Japan was Gagaku
    • Gagaku is a dance from China that had great costumes and wonderful choreography
    • Starting with that, theater in Japan continued to grow and develop until it is to the level that it is today
  • 3.
    • Noh is an elegant form of Drama that began in the 1300's
    • Noh was the only type of public entertainment that was considered dignified enough for a samurai
    • Noh plays told stories from ancient Japanese legends, that include ghosts, sprits, and demons
    • Actors were only men
    • The performance is a combination of song, dialogue, music and dance
    • They performed slow, silent dance steps, each move had a certain meaning
    • The mood of the play was solemn and mysterious
  • 4.
    • Noh theater is Japan's oldest form of theater
    • Noh theater is still performed today
    • There is a dreamlike quality to Noh plays
    • The timelines stress that life is like a wheel
    • Good and bad go in never ending cycles
    • The main characters change their masks to express their feelings
    • The scenery is simple and sometimes almost bare
    • The main character wears a combination of masks and five layers of elaborate clothing, to make a bigger than life presence
    • The word Noh means ability and skill
  • 5.
    • It is a loud and action-packed Japanese type of theater designed for entertainment for merchants and lower-class people
    • It was first developed in the 1600s by women but many years later women were banned from acting in Kabuki Theater
    • Kabuki plays were usually based on current events, usually taught you a lesson, and were usually funny
    • Popular parts of it were the exaggerated movements, the dramatic speeches, and the amazing duels
    • It usually included dragons, other magical creatures, and lower-class people outsmarting higher-class people
    An example of how much makeup that the actors wore and the elaborate costumes.
  • 6.
    • Unlike many of today’s theaters, the crowd was allowed to yell and share their opinion during the show
    • Even though Kabuki was considered rude by the shogun, it was very popular for samurai, who would disguise themselves as merchants and watch the shows
    • Kabuki plays were usually very long, some lasted up to 6 ½ hours
    • A unique and special part of it is that the actors wore colorful, elaborate costumes, and they were a high amount of makeup
    • In it the orchestra, chorus, and dancers were all a part of the play
    • The word Kabuki means "to get freaked out" and this is the name of this kind of theater because of the heavy make-up and elaborate costumes that the actors wear
  • 7.
    • No strings attached to puppets
    • Most developed form of theater in the world
    • Puppeteers hidden behind a curtain
    • Puppets are half life size
    • Main characters operated by 3 puppeteers
    • Most plays deal with the common theme on girl and ninjo, the conflict between obligations and emotions
    • The greatest works by Chikamatsu Monzaemon(born 1653 died 1724) japans greatest playwright are Bunraku plays and are written around the girl and ninjo idea
    • Believed to originated in the 10th to 11th century
    • Flourished at the end of 17th century thanks to a play called love suicides at sonezaki which was equivalent at the time to Shakespeare Romeo and Juliet
    Left: a Female Maiden Puppet head Right: a Male Warrior Puppet head
  • 8.
    • The play was so popular it caused an increase in this type of suicide until the government made it illegal
    • Omozukai is the head puppeteer who operates the head and features and right of the lead puppet
    • Two lesser puppeteers operate the legs and the left arm
    • Must have a 10 year apprentice ship before becoming a Omozukai
    • the Omozukai is visible to the audience and often colorfully dressed while the other operators are 'hidden'
    • Female puppets usually don’t have legs because they are wearing full kimonos
    • Bunraku has been in a decline since 1868 and relies on government sponsorship
    • Craftsmen who create the puppets and outfits are dying out
  • 9.
    • Theater was one way that a samurai was entertained
    • The only type of theater that was considered dignified enough for a samurai was the Noh and Bunraku theater
    • The Kabuki theater was popular among the samurai because of its exciting form of drama
    • First in 14 th & 15 th centuries for samurai and high class
    • Shoguns and Samurai's were drawn to Noh theater
    • First in 14 th & 15 th centuries for samurai and high class
  • 10.
    • It is said that a Noh performance is as much as a religious ceremony as it is a performance
    • In a sense, Noh represents the austere Buddhist way of life adopted by the aristocracy
    • Shinto World religions
    • Actors may present Noh, a classical dance- dramas that depict stories of the kami , plays about early Shinto history or comedies because the kami love to laugh
    • Noh had ritual performances and it underlined Buddhist themes
    • Japanese theater has developed into several rich traditions over the centuries