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    P2 Meditationfinal P2 Meditationfinal Presentation Transcript

    • By: Delaney V., Sami F. , Casey M.
      • Meditation is one of the most important aspects of Japanese culture.
      • It was a part of Shinto and an even bigger part of Zen Buddhism.
      • Of the Japanese citizens, the samurai followed the idea of Zen Buddhism most enthusiastically.
      • The samurai and other Japanese followers were led by Zen Monks and Nuns.
      • The samurai honored the Rinzai form of Zen, in which it was believed that Enlightenment could be achieved by one’s personal actions.
      • The leaders in Zen Buddhism are Zen Monks and Nuns.
      • Monks must follow the Basket of Discipline which is part of Tripitika which means 3 baskets.
      • Most Buddhist countries have their monks live a life of poverty, meditation and study; they are also expected to avoid sexual activity.
      • Zen nuns were never respected for a long time they weren’t allowed to become Zen masters or teachers and were always thought of as novices no matter how much seniority.
      • Zen nuns couldn’t live in a religious compound even if no monks inhabited it.
      • They were not allowed to run important religious ceremonies like funerals (soshiki) significantly lowering their income.
      • Monks are awakened by the ringing of small bell at 3:30 in the morning (4:30 in the winter).
      • They are then served breakfast.
      • Breakfast begins with the chanting of scripture.
      • All the monks leave the monastery in groups of three and go to different parts of town for 3 hours in the morning.
      • They are clad in white robes held in place by a cord girdle, a black jacket, a straw hat, and straw sandals or wooden clogs on bare feet.
      • Approximately every 5 th day- each date containing the numbers 4 or 9-is used as a day of housecleaning.
      • This is the day that the monks shave each other’s heads; shaving one’s head was originally a symbol of a monk’s strong will to break from secular illusions and delusions.
      • It is most commonly known to meditate in dry stone gardens
      • Monks meditate in temples
      • Common Japanese people meditate in their homes or dry stone gardens
      • There are meditation centers that people meditate
      • The centers are very calm and quiet because you have to focus during meditation
      • In New Jersey Zazen is practiced, Zazen is useful when you are stressed or worried
      • While Zazen is the most commonly known form of meditation, there are many other types including solving koan. A koan is a riddle with no apparent answer and they are used in the Rinzai school of Zen.
      • Meditation, specifically Zazen, is taught in the Soto school of Zen and is a way of achieving enlightenment slowly as opposed to the option of achieving it in a second, like is possible in Rinzai Zen.
      • To meditate in the form of Zazen, monks and nuns sit rigid and still against a plain wall as if they are statues of Buddha. Monks empty their mind of all thoughts and feelings. Eventually, the physical pain of the meditation position recedes and turns into a feeling of calmness and composure.
      • Meditation in a meditation hall is controlled by the head monk. The head monk lights an incense stick that burns for 45 minutes, during which time he paces the meditation hall with a keisaku. The keisaku is an encouraging stick which is used to scold any monks who are dozing.
      • Monks who are meditating are not allowed to move at all, even to swat at a mosquito or brush away sweat because they must be in shinjo (meditation in total silence) the whole time they are meditating.
      • Zen gardens range from simple to lavish
      • Gardens in Zen monasteries are objects of meditation, visual tableaux that are thought-provoking and suggestive of religious or cosmic themes
      • Zen gardens are intended to leave the viewer with a deep impression of natural beauty
      • The designer of a Zen garden intentions are to create forms that are suggestive or something beyond the forms themselves
      • Garden making was an art and spiritual discipline
      • A Zen garden is usually beautiful, and is a calm or relaxing place