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09.P6.Castletownsfinal

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  • 1. Emma H. and JC B. Cary Academy
  • 2.
    • Castle towns were a big part of ancient Japan.
    • There were many reasons for Castle towns.
    • people lived in Castle towns.
    • Castle towns were good protection for a daimyo and the others who live there.
    • Each was a little different but with similar characteristics such as moats outside the castle walls.
  • 3.
    • Daimyo’s palace surrounded by Samurai, Merchant and Artisans castles and houses
    • The highest ranked samurai’s castles were held near the keep
    • The lower ranked samurai’s castles were held near the outer walls.
    • Between the two, there were artisans and merchants’ houses
    • All of the areas were ranked based on status
  • 4.
    • First began in the Muromachi Period
    • Built for protection, surveillance and to show off wealth
    • Many daimyos and samurais lived in castle towns
    • Started as castles until merchants, artisans and peasants surrounded them; most castles became castle towns
    • Castles had to be big for the daimyo and most of his army
    • By the late 1500’s, castle towns became a core of political and administrative daimyo domain.
    • Some of Japan’s biggest cities started out as castle towns
  • 5.
    • Lots of different people lived in castle towns
    • Many daimyos and samurai lived in castle towns
    • Within the castle town was the daimyos and samurai’s families.
    • Daimyo’s guards also lived in the castle towns
    • Intellectuals who started out in the castles but were banned there who moved to the castle town
  • 6.
    • There were courtiers who worked in the palace
    • Courtiers wore court dresses to show their different status
    • Courtiers assisted the shogun, shoguns assisted the emperors
    • The palace that they worked at was the Kyoto, which is a very famous one.
    • The courtiers or the servants and their families would live along with the shogun and the emperor.
    • Servants at Kyoto exerted themselves to acquire customers from the court.
    • When the emperor would perform ceremonies, such as planting and growing rice, he would be assisted with the shogun and the shoguns assistants.
  • 7.
    • One of things that were majorly emphasized on was to keep everything neat and clean
    • Shinto is the Japanese way of life, and nature, purity and tranquility are all a very important part of it.
    • The goal in Zen Buddhism is to achieve meditation and their houses help them with that because there are not too many distractions.
    • Part of the code of honor included that the people must have a preference for simplicity.
    • Some of the Japanese homes were about as tall as an average person
    • Some houses only included a tatami, or sleeping mat, a few cushions for sitting and dining and a small
    • Many homes have small Buddhist altars with pictures of their ancestors. An altar is a raised religious structure where religious ceremonies are performed.
  • 8.
    • Castle towns were important in ancient Japan.
    • They were heavily guarded and sometimes served as a battle ground.
    • They had many rooms and floors.
    • There were also watchtowers and windows to shoot out of and drop heavy rocks.
    • Castle towns were a daimyo’s home but also homes to samurai, the daimyo’s army, artist and merchants, and even peasants.