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09 P7.Artisans And Merchants
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09 P7.Artisans And Merchants

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Transcript

  • 1. ARTISANS AND MERCHANTS World Cultures Japan Daily Life Presentation By Neel R. and Colleen D.
  • 2. Merchants in the Japanese Society
    • They were considered a very low class in Japanese society.
    • They added no value to the economy.
    • They sold goods that were made by others to make money.
    • They traveled in passenger boxes known as “kagos” because they were very wealthy.
    • Eventually, the merchant class grew to a position of more power and influence.
    • While merchants were successful, the samurai became poor.
  • 3. How merchants were related to castle towns
    • There was an exchange merchant who acted as a channel of access for merchants and craftsman.
    • He organized the sale of rice and other products of the area.
    • As castle towns grew, artisans and merchants began to inhabit them.
    • Merchants were the wealthiest class to live in castle towns.
    • Stores were established along the road between Edo and castle towns.
  • 4. The Coinage
    • Coinage helped merchants operate.
    • Coins were made of gold, silver, copper, and iron.
    • The coinage was not the same throughout Japan.
    • Gold was used in Edo, and silver was used in Osaka and Kyoto.
    • The coin with the least value was made of copper and called the “zeni”.
    • 1000 zeni equaled a rectangular gold coin known as the ichibu kin.
  • 5. Ukiyo-e Prints
    • Gained popularity during the Edo Period (1603-1868)
    • Woodblock prints with image prints on them
    • Ukiyo-e prints with Kabuki actor images were sold at Kabuki theaters
    • The images were usually of town life and entertainment
    • A famous practitioner, Katsushika Hokusai, used woodblock prints to fill new life into old tradition of scenery painting
  • 6. Conclusion
    • Artisans made goods that people used for daily life activities
    • Merchants are one of the lowest classes of the Japanese society
    • People did not like merchants because they sold goods made by other people to make money
    • Merchants were the wealthiest class of castle towns
    • The coinage was difficult to make because it required four metals
    • Artisans and merchants continue to produce and sell goods