09 P6.Castletowns


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09 P6.Castletowns

  1. 1. Emma Hampton and JC Barringer Cary Academy
  2. 2. <ul><li>Castle towns were a big part of ancient Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>There were many reasons for Castle towns. </li></ul><ul><li>people lived in Castle towns. </li></ul><ul><li>Castle towns were good protection for a daimyo and the others who live there. </li></ul><ul><li>Each was a little different but with similar characteristics such as moats outside the castle walls. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Daimyo’s palace surrounded by Samurai, Merchant and Artisans castles and houses </li></ul><ul><li>The highest ranked samurai’s castles were held near the keep </li></ul><ul><li>The lower ranked samurai’s castles were held near the outer walls. </li></ul><ul><li>Between the two, there were artisans and merchants’ houses </li></ul><ul><li>All of the areas were ranked based on status </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>First began in the Muromachi Period </li></ul><ul><li>Built for protection, surveillance and to show off wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Many daimyos and samurais lived in castle towns </li></ul><ul><li>Started as castles until merchants, artisans and peasants surrounded them; most castles became castle towns </li></ul><ul><li>Castles had to be big for the daimyo and most of his army </li></ul><ul><li>By the late 1500’s, castle towns became a core of political and administrative daimyo domain. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of Japan’s biggest cities started out as castle towns </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Lots of different people lived in castle towns </li></ul><ul><li>Many daimyos and samurai lived in castle towns </li></ul><ul><li>Within the castle town was the daimyos and samurai’s families. </li></ul><ul><li>Daimyo’s guards also lived in the castle towns </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectuals who started out in the castles but were banned there who moved to the castle town </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>There were courtiers who worked in the palace </li></ul><ul><li>Courtiers wore court dresses to show their different status </li></ul><ul><li>Courtiers assisted the shogun, shoguns assisted the emperors </li></ul><ul><li>The palace that they worked at was the Kyoto, which is a very famous one. </li></ul><ul><li>The courtiers or the servants and their families would live along with the shogun and the emperor. </li></ul><ul><li>Servants at Kyoto exerted themselves to acquire customers from the court. </li></ul><ul><li>When the emperor would perform ceremonies, such as planting and growing rice, he would be assisted with the shogun and the shoguns assistants. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>One of things that were majorly emphasized on was to keep everything neat and clean </li></ul><ul><li>Shinto is the Japanese way of life, and nature, purity and tranquility are all a very important part of it. </li></ul><ul><li>The goal in Zen Buddhism is to achieve meditation and their houses help them with that because there are not too many distractions. </li></ul><ul><li>Part of the code of honor included that the people must have a preference for simplicity. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the Japanese homes were about as tall as an average person </li></ul><ul><li>Some houses only included a tatami, or sleeping mat, a few cushions for sitting and dining and a small </li></ul><ul><li>Many homes have small Buddhist altars with pictures of their ancestors. An altar is a raised religious structure where religious ceremonies are performed. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Castle towns were important in ancient Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>They were heavily guarded and sometimes served as a battle ground. </li></ul><ul><li>They had many rooms and floors. </li></ul><ul><li>There were also watchtowers and windows to shoot out of and drop heavy rocks. </li></ul><ul><li>Castle towns were a daimyo’s home but also homes to samurai, the daimyo’s army, artist and merchants, and even peasants. </li></ul>