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Critical thinking


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How to apply critical thinking for information or content development.

How to apply critical thinking for information or content development.

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  • Identify question > formulate hypothesis > gather relevant data > test the hypothesis > draw reliable conclusion
  • all of whom emphasized that things are often very different from what they appear to be and that only the trained mind is prepared to see through the way things look to us on the surface (delusive appearances) to the way they really are beneath the surface (the deeper realities of life).
  • So, some of us may question how critical thinking and writing are related; what do problem-solving and decision-making have to do with effective writing? And the answer is "Everything!"
  • Critical thinking plays a fundamental role in making any choice, from choosing the correct answer from multiple choices on an exam question to making major life decisions such as choosing a spouse. Train your mind differently, count squares for a week Effective technical, business, and scientific writing all depend on the writer having excellent critical thinking skills. We are thinking critically when we recognize the relevance and/or merit of alternative assumptions and perspectives recognize the extent and weight of evidence In sum, Critical thinkers are by nature skeptical . They approach texts with the same skepticism and suspicion as they approach spoken remarks. Critical thinkers are active , not passive.  They ask  questions and analyze. They consciously apply tactics and strategies to uncover meaning or assure their understanding.  Critical thinkers do not take an egotistical view of the world. They are open to new ideas and perspectives.  They are willing to challenge their beliefs and investigate competing evidence. Critical thinking enables us to recognize a wide range of subjective analyses of otherwise objective data, and to evaluate how well each analysis might meet our needs. Facts may be facts, but how we interpret them may vary. Cognitive Psychology
  • ask questions, seek alternative answers, try hypotheses, Look at a problem from as many viewpoints as possible. Switching from one task to another makes it difficult to tune out distractions and can cause mental blocks that can slow down your progress. Take a moment and think about all of the things you are doing right now - obviously you are reading this article, but chances are good that you are also doing several things at once. Perhaps you're also listening to music, texting a friend, checking your email in another browser tab or playing a computer game.
  • Critical thinking should not be confused with being argumentative or being critical of other people. Writing is a process of generating and editing texts within the spheres of three constraints-formal (from the word level on up), ideational (what ideas are to be expressed), and inten- tional (relating ideas to purposes of readers and writers). Second, hypothetical reasoning: technical writing is highly situa-tional, for it releases consider specific audiences, purposes, and objectives in their writing problems. how actions are interpreted, and regulative, Writing to a lay audience, for instance, is not just a substitution exercise in which general words replace specific ones; it is, instead, an enterprise that requires the sensitive manipulation of language to accommodate ideas and information. Focus on the input content, identify what information is available, what is needed, and what information is missing Perform a risk-assessment considering project timelines, and scope of development, and identify worst-case scenarios Consider various viewpoints about the approach that you plan to take Bounce off new ideas Decide the best approach of presenting the information
  • Transcript

    • 1. Applying Critical Thinking for Information DevelopmentBy: Mrini GorlaSenior Project Leader 1ADP
    • 2. “QUOTES” • Some people study all their life and at their death they learn everything except to THINK. ~ Francois Domergue • He established the importance of seeking evidence, closely examining reasoning and assumptions, analyzing basic concepts, and tracing out implications not only of what is said but of what is done as well. His method of questioning is now known as "Socratic Questioning" and is the best known critical thinking teaching strategy. In his mode of questioning, Socrates highlighted the need in thinking for clarity and logical consistency. • The trouble with the world is that the stupid are cocksure and the intelligent are full of doubt. ~ Bertrand Russell • We think so because other people all think so; or because – or because – after all we do think so; or because we were told so, and think we must think so; or because we once thought so, and think we still think so; or because, having thought so, we think we will think so… ~ Henry Sidgwick • With a bit of training and through some brain stretching exercises, we can be reflective. We can slow down and find alternative solutions. ~ Dr. Steve Julius 2
    • 3. Critical Thinking for Information What is Critical Thinking? Development Barriers in Critical Thinking IntroductionHow can you think critically? Why should you think Critically? 3
    • 4. WHAT IS CRITICAL THINKING • Process of purposeful self-regulatory judgment that drives problem- solving and decision-making. • Critical thinking is the ability to think clearly and rationally. It includes the ability to engage in reflective, analytical, and independent thinking. • Critical thinking is rational, open-minded, honest, self-aware, disciplined, and judgemental. • When an individual makes a decision, he/she should be identifying and evaluating evidence for and against the choice he/she is making. • Instead of accepting things at its face value, we must process and evaluate the need for the information. 4
    • 5. BARRIERS OF CRITICAL THINKING • Poor reading skills • Poor listening skills • Prejudice • Peer pressure • Narrow-mindedness • Wishful thinking • Selective perception • Selective memory • Fear of change • Lack of knowledge 5
    • 6. WHY SHOULD YOU THINK CRITICALLY? • Critical thinking enhances language and presentation skills. Thinking clearly and systematically can improve the way we express our ideas. In learning how to analyse the logical structure of texts, critical thinking improves comprehension abilities. • Critical thinking promotes creativity. To come up with a creative solution to a problem involves not just having new ideas. It must also be the case that the new ideas being generated are useful and relevant to the task at hand. Critical thinking plays a crucial role in evaluating new ideas, selecting the best ones and modifying them if necessary. • Critical thinking enhances productivity as you are focussing on one task at hand instead of multitasking, that reduces productivity by approximately 40-percent. 6
    • 7. CRITICAL THINKING FOR INFORMATIONDEVELOPMENT • Design a Vase • Design a better way for people to enjoy flowers at home • Design a better search engine results page • Design a better way to learn about (topic) Product or Task Focussed Experienced Focussed Reverse the problem !!! What’s the opposite way of what you’re trying to do? How would you design something with the opposite goal? 7
    • 8. HOW CAN YOU THINK CRITICALLY?• Understand the logical connections between various information that you have• Identify, construct and evaluate ways to present them• Detect inconsistencies and common mistakes in reasoning• Analyze systematically• Identify the relevance and importance of new ways of doing things• Focus on accuracy of information, clarity, consistency, and completeness• Focus on empathic thinking• Enables meta-analysis: analyzing your own writing• Synthesize and move towards multiplicity 8
    • 9. REFERENCES • Critical Thinking Standards • • Critical Thinking in Technical Writing by Douglas Meyers • Critical Thinking for UX Designers by Stephen P Anderson & Russ Unger 9
    • 10. REFERENCES • Critical Thinking Standards • • Critical Thinking in Technical Writing by Douglas Meyers • Critical Thinking for UX Designers by Stephen P Anderson & Russ Unger 9