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Presentation on Radio Documentary, prepared for a training program of Program Executives of All India Radio at Bhubaneswar, Orissa on 26 August, 09.

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    1. 1. Radio Documentary Radio Feature Radio Magazine Mrinal Chatterjee, Ph.D Professor Indian Institute of Mass Communication (IIMC) [email_address] [email_address]
    2. 2. What is a Radio Documentary <ul><li>A radio documentary is a documentary programme devoted to covering a particular topic in some depth, usually with a mixture of commentary and sound pictures. </li></ul><ul><li>Some radio features, especially those including specially composed music or other pieces of audio art, resemble radio drama in many ways, though non-fictional in subject matter, while others consist principally of more straightforward, journalistic-type reporting – but at much greater length than found in an ordinary news report. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    3. 3. What is a Radio Feature <ul><li>Radio Feature resembles a documentary in its making approach, but differs in its larger scope and subject/time variability. </li></ul>
    4. 4. What is a Radio Magazine <ul><li>Radio magazine is a programme on a umbrella subject, which can have several programmes- documentary, features, interviews, music etc. </li></ul><ul><li>There has to be a content synergy in the programmes. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Why radio? Why documentary? <ul><li>“ No other medium can provide me with more freedom of creation and investigation. It meets my urgent interest in reality and the desire for a 'musical' expression. The material ( der Werkstoff ) is sound. And sound always surrounds us. And: I'm not so much interested in the description of stable situations, but in processes. Our medium is not space, but time; our stories are not glued to the ground, but have motion, life ... That's why!&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Helmut Kopetzky, German author) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Is there any demand for Radio documentary/Feature/magazine <ul><li>Yes. And the demand is growing. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider the radio world in India </li></ul>
    7. 7. Radio in India: Government domain <ul><li>AIR today has a network of 232 broadcasting centers with 149 medium frequency (MW), 54 high frequency (SW) and 171 FM transmitters. The coverage is 91.79% of the area, serving 99.14% of the people in the largest democracy of the world. AIR covers 24 Languages and 146 dialects in home services. In External services, it covers 27 languages; 17 national and 10 foreign languages. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Radio in India: Private domain <ul><li>Entertainment driven FM stations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The number of private FM radio stations in India: 100+ ( By May 2007 it was 69) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Community Radio Stations. </li></ul><ul><li>Campus Radio Stations </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For a list see </li></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Our Agenda <ul><li>Good listening experience for the audience </li></ul><ul><li>Public Service </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul><ul><li>Entertainment </li></ul>
    10. 10. Challenges <ul><li>Attracting audience </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure of Revenue earning </li></ul><ul><li>Competition from Private players </li></ul><ul><li>Image of sarkari -media </li></ul><ul><li>‘ New idea-unfriendly’ work atmosphere </li></ul>
    11. 11. Ways to meet the challenges Ideas…ideas <ul><li>Can we make want/need-based programme </li></ul><ul><li>Can we provide information that people want/need </li></ul><ul><li>Entertainment driven/ centered/ focused </li></ul><ul><li>Off beat subject </li></ul><ul><li>Common subject with a new angle </li></ul><ul><li>Can we think out of the box </li></ul><ul><li>Use new technology in recording/editing </li></ul><ul><li>Use new delivery platform/convergence </li></ul>
    12. 12. For good documentary Think story, not tools <ul><li>Writing is still key </li></ul><ul><li>Tell engaging stories </li></ul><ul><li>Here is an example.. </li></ul>
    13. 13. Here is a radio documentary following the lives of two of London’s 400 cycle couriers, whose working day is spent delivering packages across the city. The job is badly paid and the risk of serious injury is relatively high, yet there is a thriving sub-culture of people who have chosen the freedom of the road above the security of the office. BBC Radio 4 documentary: City Messengers September 2, 2008
    14. 14. Technology has provided us new opportunities for storytelling <ul><li>Faster dissemination of information </li></ul><ul><li>Clearer recording devices </li></ul><ul><li>Faster editing tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Here is an exmaple. </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. 14.30 hours, January 15, 2009 A plane plunges into Hudson river
    16. 16. 1 st phone from scene
    17. 17. <ul><li>News on radio within 5 minutes Documentary by 120 minutes Features by dozens Radio magazine covering various aspects of the incident </li></ul>
    18. 18. Be creative <ul><li>Get ideas from other industries: advertising, technology, social networking. </li></ul>
    19. 19. Think out of the box <ul><li>Let’s play a game </li></ul>
    20. 20. Research <ul><li>When developing a documentary, especially on social awareness project, doing the proper research is mandatory! The information dispersed by such a show must be accurate, reliable, and current. </li></ul><ul><li>Research can be accessed via the Internet, library, educational/research institute. </li></ul><ul><li>Doing research for the radio documentary may also involved finding people who have something to contribute to the documentary, either by providing an interview, a story, or any other bits of material that can give the show some added substance. </li></ul>
    21. 21. Use data <ul><li>Data provides credibility </li></ul><ul><li>However, overuse of statistics makes programme boring. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a human face to the numbers </li></ul>
    22. 22. Write a script <ul><li>Writing a script gives a control over the subject. </li></ul>
    23. 23. Provide need based information <ul><li>People listen to programme that gives them information-they need. </li></ul>
    24. 24. Provide resources to the audience on a sustained basis <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul>
    25. 25. Focus on sound <ul><li>Maximize use of ambience audio, music where appropriate </li></ul>
    26. 26. Make it interactive <ul><li>Involve the user </li></ul>
    27. 27. Integrate media <ul><li>Don’t fixate on one medium; seamlessly integrate text, audio, video, photos, interactivity, graphics. For Visual Radio. </li></ul><ul><li>Supplement radio programme with print/web content. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unfortunately that is not being done. FM Gold has its website. But it does not have audio programmes. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    28. 28. Have a broad base of skills
    29. 29. Pool your resources <ul><li>Combine existing work on the same topic into a cohesive package </li></ul><ul><li>Be comfortable working in teams </li></ul>
    30. 30. Resources <ul><ul><li>AUDIODOCUMENTARY.ORG . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot; is a first-of-its-kind guide to free radio and audio documentary content on the web. There are thousands of great audio stories available for free but many of the sites are not well known. And even great mainstream stories can get lost in the shuffle. This website strives to be part of a curatorial effort for all that great content. Basically we bring you links to stuff that we think is interesting and which might otherwise fly below the radar - that great piece from NPR, that unknown Podcast, or any other audio documentary content we want to bring to people's attention.&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RadioCollege <http:// =3> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An excellent radio training Web site. </li></ul></ul>
    31. 31. Interesting sites for radio <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    32. 32. Sites for good radio documentaries <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>http :// | A showcase of public radio. Has a sample of radio documentary, which you can listen to. </li></ul>
    33. 33. For courses in Radio Documentary.. <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
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