Elements Of A Short Story Notes

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Notes from ELA7 presentation of Elements of a Short Story, including plot, character, conflict, theme, setting, and the plot diagram.

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Elements Of A Short Story Notes

  1. 1. Mystery­Elements of a Short Story­2013­14­NOTES December 01, 2013 Mysteries, Uncanny Incidents, and  Unusual Happenings The Basics of Story GOAL: To be able to identify &  explain the building blocks of  story: Plot, Character, Conflict,  Theme, and Setting. Elements of a Short Story ­­ Plot What is plot? The sequence of  events  in the story. 1.  2. 3.  Boy meets girl. Boy asks out girl. Boy and girl go out on date. Boy drives girl back home. 5.  Girl dumps boy.  4.  1
  2. 2. Mystery­Elements of a Short Story­2013­14­NOTES December 01, 2013 Elements of a Short Story ­­ Exposition Is where the setting and characters are introduced.  Exposition Elements of a Short Story­ Initial Incident is the first time the main conflict or problem  presented in the story Initial  Incident 2
  3. 3. Mystery­Elements of a Short Story­2013­14­NOTES December 01, 2013 Elements of a Short Story ­­ Conflict Is the problem that a  character  faces in the plot. 4 Types of Conflict: 1. Character vs. Character A conflict or problem between two characters in the story 2. Character vs. Nature A conflict between the character and nature Elements of a Short Story ­­ Conflict Is the problem that a  character  faces in the plot. 3. Character vs. Society A conflict between the character and a belief or value that  society holds. 4. Character vs. Self A conflict that a character has with himself/herself.   It usually involves a choice or decision. 3
  4. 4. Mystery­Elements of a Short Story­2013­14­NOTES December 01, 2013 Elements of a Short Story ­­ Rising Action The building of conflicts or obstacles throughout the story  which eventually lead to the climax. Rising Action Elements of a Short Story ­­ Climax The highest emotional point or action of  the story. It occurs when the conflict is  being resolved and determines what the  outcome will be. Climax 4
  5. 5. Mystery­Elements of a Short Story­2013­14­NOTES December 01, 2013 Elements of a Short Story ­­ Falling Action The unravelling sequence, which  follows the climax of the story. Falling Action Elements of a Short Story ­­ Resolution Is the resolution/ending of the story when everything is wrapped up. Resolution 5
  6. 6. Mystery­Elements of a Short Story­2013­14­NOTES December 01, 2013 Elements of a Short Story ­­ Characters Who is the protagonist?      Who is the protagonist? The main character,  who is trying to solve  a problem.   Your protagonist can be old, young, girl, boy, dog, or cat. Elements of a Short Story ­­ Characters Who is the antagonist? Who is the antagonist? Is the person or the  force that opposes  the protagonist. Your antagonist can be a person, the weather, an animal, or the supernatural. 6
  7. 7. Mystery­Elements of a Short Story­2013­14­NOTES December 01, 2013 Elements of a Short Story ­­ Setting What is Setting? What is the setting? The environment which in your story takes place. Setting has two different parts. It includes  WHEN and WHERE. season city building time of day point in life Elements of a Short Story ­­ Theme What is the theme? What is the theme? The idea or  message of the  story.  Theme is difficult for people to get! • Often­used themes: courage despair love pursuit of happiness war survival family relationships racism 7
  8. 8. Mystery­Elements of a Short Story­2013­14­NOTES December 01, 2013 Elements of a Short Story ­­ Mood   What is mood? It is the overall feeling  created by the author  through the word choice,  repetition of words,  phrases, and sentences. Mood is what makes you nervous in the theatre, makes you laugh at the  party, or makes you cry when the  protagonist dies. Elements of a Short Story ­­ Point of View First Person: Third Person: One of the characters Narrator tells the story ` tells the story. ("I" is  from an outside  perspective. ("he/she/ used) they" is used) Point of view is the perspective from which the story is  told. 8
  9. 9. Attachments scream.wav doorscrm.wav laugh scream.wav 300px­Situational_irony[1].jpg 250px­Irony[1].jpg verbal irony.gif Verbal Sarcasm.docx spookywind.wav heartbeatspeedsup.wav

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