Structured NotesChapter 8Monday 12/10/12Mr. HunterBiologyStructured Notes Chapter 8Cell Division12/10/12NAME___________________ DATE ____________ Per# ______ 1. What are the shapes of chromosomes and what are they made of?_______ 2. The DNA in Eukaryotic cells wraps around proteins called_______ 3. These proteins perform what two functions?_________ 4. What are each half of a chromosome called?______ When do these structures form? _______ 5. When a cell divides what will each new cell receive? 6. Where is the centromere located and what is its function?_____ 7. When a cell is not dividing DNA is in a uncoiled structure called ________
Structured NotesChapter 8Monday 12/10/12 8. Describe the amount and type of a prokaryotic cell chromosome.____ 9. Each species has a characteristic # of _______ in each cell. 10. Human and animal chromosomes are characterized as either _______ or _______. 11. The letters for the sex chromosomes are ____ and ___. They determine if you are male or female. 12. Females have ___ ___ sex chromosomes and males have ___ ___sex chromosomes. 13. We have ___ sex chromosomes. The remaining 44 are called ______. 14. We have a total of ____ chromosomes within our cells. 15. __________ chromosomes are of the same size and trait and carry genes for the same traits. We obtain one from our father and the other from our mother.
Structured NotesChapter 8Monday 12/10/12 16. There are ____ pairs of homologous chromosomes and ____ sex chromosomes within a human cell. 22(2) = 44 + 2 = 46 Total chromosomes within a human cell. 17. What is a karyotype?________ 18. The diploid chromosome # is ___ 19. The haploid chromosome # is __ 20. A female egg cell (gamete) contains _______ chromosomes. A male sperm cell (gamete) contains ____ chromosomes. 21. During the process of fertilization when the egg and sperm cell combine, the resulting newly formed organism will have ______ # of chromosomes. * Vocabulary pg. 51 # 1-11 – After completion of the notes.