How to do PhD at TU/e

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How to do PhD at TU/e

  1. 1. How to do PhD at TU/e Jun Hu
  2. 2. What is PhD • Philosophiae Doctor (Doctor of Philosophy) • In Dutch, AIO (Assistent in Opleiding) Department of Industrial Design PAGE 215-01-15
  3. 3. What is PhD Department of Industrial Design PAGE 315-01-15 http://www.slideshare.net/jucaitis/the-illustrated-guide-to-a-phd
  4. 4. What is PhD Department of Industrial Design PAGE 415-01-15 http://www.slideshare.net/jucaitis/the-illustrated-guide-to-a-phd
  5. 5. What is PhD Department of Industrial Design PAGE 515-01-15 http://www.slideshare.net/jucaitis/the-illustrated-guide-to-a-phd
  6. 6. What is PhD Department of Industrial Design PAGE 615-01-15 http://www.slideshare.net/jucaitis/the-illustrated-guide-to-a-phd
  7. 7. What is PhD Department of Industrial Design PAGE 715-01-15 http://www.slideshare.net/jucaitis/the-illustrated-guide-to-a-phd
  8. 8. What is PhD Department of Industrial Design PAGE 815-01-15 http://www.slideshare.net/jucaitis/the-illustrated-guide-to-a-phd
  9. 9. What is PhD Department of Industrial Design PAGE 915-01-15 http://www.slideshare.net/jucaitis/the-illustrated-guide-to-a-phd
  10. 10. What is PhD Department of Industrial Design PAGE 1015-01-15 http://www.slideshare.net/jucaitis/the-illustrated-guide-to-a-phd
  11. 11. What is PhD Department of Industrial Design PAGE 1115-01-15 http://www.slideshare.net/jucaitis/the-illustrated-guide-to-a-phd
  12. 12. What is PhD Department of Industrial Design PAGE 1215-01-15 http://www.slideshare.net/jucaitis/the-illustrated-guide-to-a-phd
  13. 13. What is PhD Department of Industrial Design PAGE 1315-01-15 http://www.slideshare.net/jucaitis/the-illustrated-guide-to-a-phd
  14. 14. What is PhD Department of Industrial Design PAGE 1415-01-15 http://www.slideshare.net/jucaitis/the-illustrated-guide-to-a-phd
  15. 15. What is PhD Department of Industrial Design PAGE 1515-01-15 http://www.slideshare.net/jucaitis/the-illustrated-guide-to-a-phd
  16. 16. Purpose of PhD Training • To prepare graduates for • being an independent researcher • a life dedicated to science and research − preferably within a university or − in a research-intensive industrial lab • … and beyond. Department of Industrial Design PAGE 1615-01-15 Gibbons, Michael et al. (1994) The New Production of Knowledge. Sage Publications. Hill, Stephen C. (1995) The Formation of Identity as a Scientist, Science Studies, 8, 53-72. Nowotny, Helga, Peter Scott and Michael Gibbons (2001) Re-Thinking Science. Knowledge in an Age of Uncertainty. Oxford: Polity. Soensen, Knut H. (1992) Towards a Feminized Technology? Gendered Values in the Construction of Technology, Social Studies of Science, 22, 5-31.
  17. 17. Purpose of Research • To generate knowledge. Department of Industrial Design PAGE 1715-01-15 Gibbons, Michael et al. (1994) The New Production of Knowledge. Sage Publications. Hill, Stephen C. (1995) The Formation of Identity as a Scientist, Science Studies, 8, 53-72. Nowotny, Helga, Peter Scott and Michael Gibbons (2001) Re-Thinking Science. Knowledge in an Age of Uncertainty. Oxford: Polity. Soensen, Knut H. (1992) Towards a Feminized Technology? Gendered Values in the Construction of Technology, Social Studies of Science, 22, 5-31.
  18. 18. Requirement for a PhD degree at TU/e • A dissertation Department of Industrial Design PAGE 1815-01-15 TU/e, Regulations governing the conferral of doctor’s degrees, version September 2013.
  19. 19. Requirement for a PhD degree at TU/e • A dissertation that demonstrates the capability of • Independently conducting a solid research − that applies existing body of knowledge − that generates knowledge − that contributes to the field Department of Industrial Design PAGE 1915-01-15 TU/e, Regulations governing the conferral of doctor’s degrees, version September 2013.
  20. 20. Requirement for a PhD degree at TU/e • A dissertation that demonstrates the capability of • Independently conducting a solid research − that applies existing body of knowledge − that generates knowledge − that contributes to the field • Approved by the PhD committee. Department of Industrial Design PAGE 2015-01-15 TU/e, Regulations governing the conferral of doctor’s degrees, version September 2013.
  21. 21. Requirements for publications? • None. Department of Industrial Design PAGE 2115-01-15 TU/e, Regulations governing the conferral of doctor’s degrees, version September 2013.
  22. 22. Requirements for publications? • None. But, • It would be easier for a dissertation to be approved if the content is well supported by publications. Department of Industrial Design PAGE 2215-01-15 TU/e, Regulations governing the conferral of doctor’s degrees, version September 2013.
  23. 23. Requirements for publications? • None. But, • It would be easier for a dissertation to be approved if the content is well supported by publications. • How many? Department of Industrial Design PAGE 2315-01-15 TU/e, Regulations governing the conferral of doctor’s degrees, version September 2013.
  24. 24. Requirements for publications? • None. But, • It would be easier for a dissertation to be approved if the content is well supported by publications. • How many? • There are no rules. Department of Industrial Design PAGE 2415-01-15 TU/e, Regulations governing the conferral of doctor’s degrees, version September 2013.
  25. 25. Requirements for publications? • None. But, • It would be easier for a dissertation to be approved if the content is well supported by publications. • How many? • There are no rules, but each main chapter is expected to be supported by 1 or more publications. Department of Industrial Design PAGE 2515-01-15 TU/e, Regulations governing the conferral of doctor’s degrees, version September 2013.
  26. 26. Requirements for publications? • None. But, • It would be easier for a dissertation to be approved if the content is well supported by publications. • How many? • There are no rules, but each main chapter is expected to be supported by 1 or more publications. • A good research guarantees a good amount of publications. Don’t worry about publications, worry about research. Department of Industrial Design PAGE 2615-01-15 TU/e, Regulations governing the conferral of doctor’s degrees, version September 2013.
  27. 27. Requirements for publications? • None. But, • It would be easier for a dissertation to be approved if the content is well supported by publications. • How many? • There are no rules, but each main chapter is expected to be supported by 1 or more publications. • A good research guarantees a good amount of publications. Don’t worry about publications, worry about research. • Start writing now (notes, summaries, thoughts… ) Department of Industrial Design PAGE 2715-01-15 TU/e, Regulations governing the conferral of doctor’s degrees, version September 2013.
  28. 28. Requirements for publications? • None. But, • It would be easier for a dissertation to be approved if the content is well supported by publications. • How many? • There are no rules, but each main chapter is expected to be supported by 1 or more publications. • A good research guarantees a good amount of publications. Don’t worry about publications, worry about research. • Start writing now. Keep writing. Department of Industrial Design PAGE 2815-01-15 TU/e, Regulations governing the conferral of doctor’s degrees, version September 2013.
  29. 29. Conduct a research • Research plan • Research question; • Methodology; • Expected results; • Time and risk management; • Carry out the plan • Implementations, prototypes, simulations … • Experiments • Analysis • Iterations if necessary • Report the findings (thesis) Department of Industrial Design PAGE 2915-01-15
  30. 30. Conduct a research • Research plan (1 year) • Research question; • Methodology; • Expected results; • Time and risk management; • Carry out the plan (2 years) • Implementations, prototypes, simulations … • Experiments • Analysis • Iterations if necessary • Report the findings (thesis) (1 year) Department of Industrial Design PAGE 3015-01-15
  31. 31. What is good about doing a PhD in NL? • Freedom • Independence • Support Department of Industrial Design PAGE 3115-01-15
  32. 32. What is bad about doing a PhD in NL? Department of Industrial Design PAGE 3215-01-15
  33. 33. What is bad about doing a PhD in NL? • Freedom • Independence • Support Department of Industrial Design PAGE 3315-01-15
  34. 34. Supervision • 1 Supervisor, or • 1 Supervisor + 1 co-supervisor, or • 1 Supervisor + 2 co-supervisors, or • 2 Supervisors + 1 co-supervisor Department of Industrial Design PAGE 3415-01-15 TU/e, Regulations governing the conferral of doctor’s degrees, version September 2013.
  35. 35. Supervision • Supervisors are not bosses. Department of Industrial Design PAGE 3515-01-15
  36. 36. Supervision • Supervisors are colleagues. Department of Industrial Design PAGE 3615-01-15
  37. 37. Supervision • Supervisors are colleagues, to • guide • support Department of Industrial Design PAGE 3715-01-15
  38. 38. Supervision • Supervisors are colleagues, to • guide • support • Supervisors have their own research too. Department of Industrial Design PAGE 3815-01-15
  39. 39. Supervision • Supervisors are colleagues, to • guide • support • Supervisors have their own research too. • Supervisors expect the PhDs to conduct their own research themselves. Department of Industrial Design PAGE 3915-01-15
  40. 40. Expectations Supervisors expect you You can expect supervisors To be independent • Not to ask “what to do next” • To have ideas and proposals • To show original thought and incentive To supervise • To supervise regularly on your progress • To make (written) comments on your work and your progress Department of Industrial Design PAGE 4015-01-15 Academic Association of Scientific Staff at ETH Zurich, Survival Guide (Handbook for Ph.D. Students at ETH Zurich. 2013
  41. 41. Expectations Supervisors expect you You can expect supervisors To produce written work To read your work (in advance of a meeting) To schedule regular meetings To be available when needed To be honest when reporting your progress Not only to praise or condemn you for your progress made, but also to ask right questions and make useful suggestions. To follow her/his advice when you ask for it To be constructively critical To surprise her/him and to become an expert in your field. To have a good knowledge of the research area Department of Industrial Design PAGE 4115-01-15 Academic Association of Scientific Staff at ETH Zurich, Survival Guide (Handbook for Ph.D. Students at ETH Zurich. 2013
  42. 42. How to do it successfully • Passion! • Open minded, curious, and critical • Cooperation • Networking in academic life • Research planning • Time management • Activity logging (book keeping) • Doing, instead of just studying • Literature research (Reading) • Reporting (Writing) • Meetings and conferences Department of Industrial Design PAGE 4215-01-15
  43. 43. Supervision Meetings • The supervisors would expect you to prepare the meetings: • Schedule the meetings. − Schedule the meetings one year or half-year ahead; − Once one or two weeks with the supervisors; − One per month or per six weeks with the promotors; Department of Industrial Design PAGE 4315-01-15
  44. 44. Supervision Meetings • The supervisors would expect you to prepare the meetings: • Schedule the meetings. • Prepare the agenda and distribute it before the meeting. − Date, place, participants; − Action points from last meeting; − Topics for discussion for this meeting; − How much time is needed in total and for each point; − Allow time for the topics that the others might bring onto the table. − Attach the minutes from the previous meeting. Department of Industrial Design PAGE 4415-01-15
  45. 45. Supervision Meetings • The supervisors would expect you to prepare the meetings: • Schedule the meetings. • Prepare the agenda and distribute it before the meeting. • Take notes during the meeting, and keep meeting minutes after the meeting. Distribute the minutes to the participants of the meeting. − Date, place, participants; − Topics discussed; − Decisions made; − Actions to be taken (by who, and the deadline) Department of Industrial Design PAGE 4515-01-15
  46. 46. Supervision Meetings • The supervisors would expect you to prepare the meetings: • Schedule the meetings. • Prepare the agenda and distribute it before the meeting. • Take notes during the meeting, and keep meeting minutes after the meeting. Distribute the minutes to the participants of the meeting. • Do not expect the supervisors to “remember” what has been discussed last time. It is your responsibility to “remind” them by means of agenda and minutes. Department of Industrial Design PAGE 4615-01-15
  47. 47. Book keeping • A shared storage (blog, wiki, dropbox etc.) for • Meeting minutes • Agenda for the meetings • Project log (at least once a week) − What has been done; − Actions to be done; − Questions and doubts; − Progress … • Fragments of thoughts, mind maps, sketches, photos … • Summaries of literature study • Literature, papers, e-books etc (categorized) • Published papers • Papers in progress • … Department of Industrial Design PAGE 4715-01-15
  48. 48. Other advices • To be successful, you must be at least four of the following: • Smart • Motivated • Creative • Hardworking • Lucky Department of Industrial Design PAGE 4815-01-15
  49. 49. Other advices • To be successful, you must be at least four of the following: • Smart • Motivated • Creative • Hardworking • Lucky • You can’t depend on luck, so you’d better focus on the others. Department of Industrial Design PAGE 4915-01-15
  50. 50. Other advices • You have the freedom; you are expect to be independent. Take responsibility for your project; • Work hard, but do take some weekends off, and decent holidays. • Try speak less about “I think”, try to ground your arguments with literature and experiments. Department of Industrial Design PAGE 5015-01-15
  51. 51. Other advices • Your English is good enough. • Read, read, read. • Speak it − Forget about grammar; − Do not think in Chinese then translate; − You have a good vocabulary. If got stuck, work around it. • Write it − Pay attention to grammar; − Do not think in Chinese then translate; − Follow English conventions; − Notes in English; Department of Industrial Design PAGE 5115-01-15
  52. 52. Other advices • The best way of improving your English is to USE it. • You may start learning Dutch, if you feel comfortable and confident with your English. Department of Industrial Design PAGE 5215-01-15
  53. 53. Other advices • Scientific integrity • Follow the rules of citations and references! Department of Industrial Design PAGE 5315-01-15
  54. 54. Other advices • Scientific integrity • Follow the rules of citations and references! • Really, I mean it. Department of Industrial Design PAGE 5415-01-15
  55. 55. Other advices • You are NOT a student. Department of Industrial Design PAGE 5515-01-15
  56. 56. Other advices • You are a researcher. Department of Industrial Design PAGE 5615-01-15
  57. 57. Other advices • You are a researcher (in training). Department of Industrial Design PAGE 5715-01-15
  58. 58. Other advices • You are an employee with a special working contract. • You are expected to follow the regulations and to act professionally. Department of Industrial Design PAGE 5815-01-15
  59. 59. Other advices • ENJOY YOUR PHD. Department of Industrial Design PAGE 5915-01-15
  60. 60. • j.hu@tue.nl • www.drhu.eu Department of Industrial Design PAGE 6015-01-15

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