11   iago – the machiavellian villain
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11 iago – the machiavellian villain

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11   iago – the machiavellian villain 11 iago – the machiavellian villain Presentation Transcript

  • Iago – The Machiavellian villain To copy down: A Machiavellian is a term used to describe someone whose sole purpose is to manipulate and corrupt others for their own gain. They are often seen as a “puppet master” – they use others as tools to get what they want. Wednesday 17th July “The end justifies the means” – This was the belief of Machiavelli, a Medieval political thinker, where the term comes from
  • The Machiavellian checklist: • Is Iago a Machiavellian villain? We will need to look throughout Othello to find these characteristics of a typical Machiavellian villain within Iago. • 1. Is Iago secretive? • 2. Is Iago manipulative and cunning? • 3. Does Iago show a lack of morals? • 4. Is Iago obsessed with goals, convinved the ends are justified? We are going to explore Question 1 together – then the other questions we will split them up Between us: In what ways is Iago secretive?
  • Grade boundaries for this task: • Grade D – Stating your opinion of Iago • Grade C – Giving opinion with a reference to the text (with at least one quote – Shakespearean language only when writing about the play!) • Grade B – As for above, but you will then explain how your quote supports your point. Eg. “This means that…” • Grade A / A* - Doing all above and then repeating it to make a new point about Iago From the mark scheme “showing insight and perception”
  • 1. Is Iago secretive? • Iago is considered ‘two-faced’ – swears by Janus – significance? • Act 1 Scene 1 – “I am not what I am” • Perceived as “honest Iago” all the way through the play – who calls him this? • Iago hides behind a mask of the loyal soldier • Reveals carefully limited information to Roderigo (when it suits him) but larger parts of his “plot” only get revealed in his soliloquies to the audience.
  • 2. Is Iago manipulative and cunning? • Iago manipulates using other’s weaknesses and strengths: • Brabantio’s racism • Roderigo’s lust for Desdemona • Othello’s jealousy • Cassio’s sense of honour (and ability to get drunk quickly!) • Questions Cassio’s honesty to create doubt for Othello
  • 3. Does Iago show a lack of morals? • Immoral – corrupt, liar, vulgar language and regularly makes sexual references to wind up the other characters – in particular those images involving animals! (ie. Primal and inhuman) • Shows no remorse – at the end, refuses to speak or apologise for his actions • Takes advantage of others – leads Roderigo on thinking he has a chance with Desdemona • Lets others think he is honest and true • Murders both his wife and his ‘friend’
  • 4. Is Iago obsessed with goals, convinced the means justify the end? • Iago is obsessed with destruction and revenge • Believed all his means were justified. • Reveals himself in soliloquies • “And it is thought abroad that ‘twixt my sheets he’s done my office” – Act 1 Scene 3 • “For that I do suspect the lusty Moor hath leaped into my seat” – Act 2 Scene 1
  • Come up with 5 questions that have one of the following as the answer Othello Desdemona Venice Iago Cassio Roderigo Reputation Honest Jealousy Bianca Emilia The Moor Cyprus
  • Splat! – so what do you know? Othello Desdemona Venice Iago Cassio Roderigo Reputation Honest Jealousy Bianca Emilia The Moor Cyprus
  • SPLAT