Ch. 9  The Constitution: A More Perfect Union <ul><li>States need to approve (ratify) the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>P...
Preamble: The Goals of the Government <ul><li>We the People  </li></ul><ul><li>Popular Sovereignty – the power comes from ...
Form a more perfect Union <ul><li>Country can take advantage of the strengths of the states by working together. </li></ul>
Establish Justice <ul><li>Be ruled by laws and not pushed around by soldiers. </li></ul><ul><li>Laws should apply to every...
Insure Tranquility <ul><li>Peace and order among everyone.  </li></ul>
Provide for common defense <ul><li>National Government responsible for protecting Americans from foreign invaders. </li></ul>
Promote general welfare <ul><li>An economy and society in which people can be successful </li></ul>
Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our POSTERITY. <ul><li>Americans to enjoy their freedoms now and in future generatio...
Fear of a Strong Central Government <ul><li>Create a balanced framework of government that people could trust. </li></ul>
Branches of Government Legislative Executive Judicial Congress Senate House of Representatives President Vice President Su...
Legislative Branch <ul><li>Has the power to make the laws.  </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral – two lawmaking parts  </li></ul><...
The Senate <ul><li>Senators serve 6 year terms </li></ul><ul><li>Each state has 2 Senators </li></ul><ul><li>Senators must...
House of Representatives <ul><li>Representatives serve 2 year terms </li></ul><ul><li>Number of Reps determined by states ...
How Congress Passes Laws <ul><li>Senate or House can propose a new law called a BILL. </li></ul><ul><li>ONLY House can pro...
Powers of Congress <ul><li>Congress decides how to spend $ from taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Raise an army and navy </li></ul><...
<ul><li>Strong Framework for Government but… </li></ul><ul><li>Gives Congress flexibility to do it’s job.  </li></ul><ul><...
Executive Branch <ul><li>Executes (carries out) the laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Example:  Congress approves a tax.  The Execut...
Electing the President <ul><li>Elected by Electors </li></ul><ul><li>Four year Term </li></ul><ul><li>Reelected only ONCE ...
Powers of the President <ul><li>Commander in Chief of military </li></ul><ul><li>Make Treaties with other nations </li></u...
Removing the President <ul><li>Impeach – accuse an official of a crime related to official duties </li></ul><ul><li>The Ho...
Judicial Branch <ul><li>Made up of Supreme Court and lower federal courts </li></ul><ul><li>Interprets the laws </li></ul>
Federal Court System <ul><li>Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li>Appellate Courts </li></ul><ul><li>District Courts </li></ul>
Supreme Court <ul><li>9 Justices (judges) </li></ul><ul><li>Appointed by President for life </li></ul><ul><li>Review cases...
Judicial Review <ul><li>The power to decide whether laws and actions by the Legislative and Executive branches conflict wi...
<ul><li>Under Article V of the Constitution, there are two ways to propose amendments to the Constitution and two ways to ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Chapter 9 US History

3,798

Published on

0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
3,798
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
54
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Chapter 9 US History

  1. 1. Ch. 9 The Constitution: A More Perfect Union <ul><li>States need to approve (ratify) the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Procedures for changing the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>“ A Living Document” </li></ul>
  2. 2. Preamble: The Goals of the Government <ul><li>We the People </li></ul><ul><li>Popular Sovereignty – the power comes from the people. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Form a more perfect Union <ul><li>Country can take advantage of the strengths of the states by working together. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Establish Justice <ul><li>Be ruled by laws and not pushed around by soldiers. </li></ul><ul><li>Laws should apply to everyone. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Insure Tranquility <ul><li>Peace and order among everyone. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Provide for common defense <ul><li>National Government responsible for protecting Americans from foreign invaders. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Promote general welfare <ul><li>An economy and society in which people can be successful </li></ul>
  8. 8. Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our POSTERITY. <ul><li>Americans to enjoy their freedoms now and in future generations. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Fear of a Strong Central Government <ul><li>Create a balanced framework of government that people could trust. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Branches of Government Legislative Executive Judicial Congress Senate House of Representatives President Vice President Supreme Court U.S. Capitol The White House Supreme Court U.S. Constitution
  11. 11. Legislative Branch <ul><li>Has the power to make the laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral – two lawmaking parts </li></ul><ul><li>Congress – Senate / House </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Senate <ul><li>Senators serve 6 year terms </li></ul><ul><li>Each state has 2 Senators </li></ul><ul><li>Senators must be 30 years old </li></ul><ul><li>US Citizen for 9 years </li></ul><ul><li>Elected by the people </li></ul>
  13. 13. House of Representatives <ul><li>Representatives serve 2 year terms </li></ul><ul><li>Number of Reps determined by states population </li></ul><ul><li>Reps must be 25 years old. </li></ul><ul><li>US citizen for 7 years </li></ul><ul><li>Currently there are 435 Representatives </li></ul>
  14. 14. How Congress Passes Laws <ul><li>Senate or House can propose a new law called a BILL. </li></ul><ul><li>ONLY House can propose new taxes. </li></ul><ul><li>If a majority in one house approves the bill it is sent to the other house for approval </li></ul><ul><li>Both the Senate AND House must approve a bill. </li></ul><ul><li>President can sign or VETO (reject) the law. </li></ul><ul><li>Congress can override President’s VETO. </li></ul><ul><li>They must have 2/3 vote. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Powers of Congress <ul><li>Congress decides how to spend $ from taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Raise an army and navy </li></ul><ul><li>Declare war </li></ul><ul><li>Pay government debts </li></ul><ul><li>Grant citizenship </li></ul><ul><li>MAKE ALL LAWS WHICH SHALL BE NECESSARY AND PROPER. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Strong Framework for Government but… </li></ul><ul><li>Gives Congress flexibility to do it’s job. </li></ul><ul><li>It is able to do things that are not listed among it’s powers in the Constitution </li></ul>Elastic Clause
  17. 17. Executive Branch <ul><li>Executes (carries out) the laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Congress approves a tax. The Executive Branch collects the tax. </li></ul><ul><li>The President is the head of this branch. Chief Executive. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Electing the President <ul><li>Elected by Electors </li></ul><ul><li>Four year Term </li></ul><ul><li>Reelected only ONCE </li></ul><ul><li>Must be a Natural-Born Citizen </li></ul><ul><li>35 years old </li></ul>
  19. 19. Powers of the President <ul><li>Commander in Chief of military </li></ul><ul><li>Make Treaties with other nations </li></ul><ul><li>Nominates: Supreme Court Judges and Ambassadors </li></ul><ul><li>Grant Pardons to convicts </li></ul>
  20. 20. Removing the President <ul><li>Impeach – accuse an official of a crime related to official duties </li></ul><ul><li>The House of Representative can vote to impeach the President </li></ul><ul><li>The Senate would serve as the jury </li></ul>
  21. 21. Judicial Branch <ul><li>Made up of Supreme Court and lower federal courts </li></ul><ul><li>Interprets the laws </li></ul>
  22. 22. Federal Court System <ul><li>Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li>Appellate Courts </li></ul><ul><li>District Courts </li></ul>
  23. 23. Supreme Court <ul><li>9 Justices (judges) </li></ul><ul><li>Appointed by President for life </li></ul><ul><li>Review cases after the case has been reviewed in the lower courts </li></ul><ul><li>Case only goes directly to SC if it involves a state or an ambassador from another country. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Judicial Review <ul><li>The power to decide whether laws and actions by the Legislative and Executive branches conflict with the Constitution. </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Under Article V of the Constitution, there are two ways to propose amendments to the Constitution and two ways to be ratified by the states. </li></ul><ul><li>To Propose Amendments </li></ul><ul><li>Two-thirds of both houses of Congress vote to propose an amendment, OR </li></ul><ul><li>Two-thirds of the state legislatures ask Congress to call a national convention to propose amendments. This version has not yet been used. </li></ul><ul><li>To Ratify Amendments </li></ul><ul><li>Three-fourths of the state legislatures approve it, OR </li></ul><ul><li>Ratifying conventions in three-fourths of the states approve it. This method was used only once -- to ratify the 21st Amendment (repealing Prohibition). </li></ul>
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×