Unit 1 Road to Conflict
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Unit 1 Road to Conflict

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Slideshow 7 Unit 1

Slideshow 7 Unit 1

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Unit 1 Road to Conflict Unit 1 Road to Conflict Presentation Transcript

  • American History Unit 1 Lecture 7 The Road to Conflict – Part I
  • The French and Indian War The French and Indian War The French and Indian War sets the stage for conflict between Britain and its American Colonies 1
  • The French and Indian War • 500 year old rivalry between Britain and France comes to America • Conflict begins over land in the area of Western Pennsylvania • Erupts into war between France and their Indian allies and Britain, the Colonists, and their Indian allies. • Colonies want to expand West – French and Indians resist
  • Course of the War • France wins many early battles; war is fought both in Europe and N. America • George Washington, a young Lieutenant fighting for the British colonies, loses one of the war’s earliest skirmishes • William Pitt, a British politician turns the tide of the War 2
  • The War Ends • Powerful Iroquois join the side of the British and Colonies • The French city of Quebec is captured • War lasts for 9 years, and includes fighting in Europe. • By 1763, French are defeated and lose virtually all of their lands in North America!
  • 3.
  • Victory leads to conflict The French and Indian War set the stage for conflict between Britain and its American Colonies 2 Key Reasons: Proclamation of 1763 Increase in taxes to pay for war
  • Victory leads to Conflict Proclamation of 1763 • After winning French and Indian War, Britain wants peace in the colonies • PROCLAMATION OF 1763 – Bans colonists from settling West of the Appalachian Mountains • Hope to avoid further conflict with Indians
  • Victory leads to Conflict Proclamation of 1763 • Proclamation angered colonists • Moved past line against wishes of the British • Colonists believe the line shows the British don’t care about them
  • Victory leads to Conflict British Expenses Increased Taxes • Britain had spent a lot of money on the French and Indian War • National debt was doubled • Keeping troops in the colonies was expensive • Britain begins cracking down on smuggling by American colonists • British pass SUGAR ACT – says smugglers will be tried by British Courts – not Colonial Courts • Angers Colonists and protests begin
  • 1. From http://ns1763.ca/remem/7yw-timelinew.html 2. From http://www.nebraskastudies.org 3. From http://jb-hdnp.org/