American History: Unit 1 Lecture
1

The Earliest Americans
and European Contact
Arrival of Human Population
• ~ 15,000 – 12,000 years
ago – Stone Age Hunters
• Ice Age reveals land
bridge connecting Asi...
Native American Societies
• Over time, various
complex cultures form in
America
• Culture –
Beliefs, norms, traditions,
an...
Early European Exploration: Why
Now?
• Growth of centralized nations after the Middle
Ages
• Crusades create a thirst for ...
Early European Exploration
Motives for
Exploration
“The Three G’s”
• Gold
• God
• Glory

Early Explorers
• Vasco de Gama –...
Early European Exploration
Columbus:
• Claims new lands for
Spain
• Enslaves native
population of San
Salvador
• Opens the...
Effects of Disease
Columbus remains a
controversial figure
today…click here to see
why.

2
The Columbian Exchange
The Columbian Exchange
had not only a great effect
on history, but still effects
our lives today.

...
Colonization
Spain becomes the first
European nation to
COLONIZE in the
Americas.
COLONIZE –
Take control of the people
an...
Colonization
• Britain and France are eager to establish
colonies in the New World as well.
• These nations soon begin est...
Non-Wiki Images
1. From http://www.learnnc.org
2. From regentsprep.org
3. From http://northspringsapwh.blogspot.com
4. Fro...
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Unit 1 Early Exploration

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Unit 1 Early Exploration

  1. 1. American History: Unit 1 Lecture 1 The Earliest Americans and European Contact
  2. 2. Arrival of Human Population • ~ 15,000 – 12,000 years ago – Stone Age Hunters • Ice Age reveals land bridge connecting Asia and North America • Known as BERINGIA • ~ 8000 BCE people dispersed throughout the Americas HOW DO WE KNOW? 1
  3. 3. Native American Societies • Over time, various complex cultures form in America • Culture – Beliefs, norms, traditions, and values of a group of people. • No private land ownership, close dependence on environment
  4. 4. Early European Exploration: Why Now? • Growth of centralized nations after the Middle Ages • Crusades create a thirst for Eastern Goods (spices, rice, coffee, lemons, mirrors, cotton clothes, writing paper, etc., etc.) • Renaissance ideas/discoveries lead to inventions that make long distance sailing possible (Astrolabe, Caravel, cartography improvements, etc.)
  5. 5. Early European Exploration Motives for Exploration “The Three G’s” • Gold • God • Glory Early Explorers • Vasco de Gama – sails around Horn of Africa to India • Columbus – looking for a shorter route sails WEST – stumbles onto the Americas 1492
  6. 6. Early European Exploration Columbus: • Claims new lands for Spain • Enslaves native population of San Salvador • Opens the door for Columbian Exchange Columbian Exchange: The exchange of people, ideas, plants, animals, and diseases between the Old World and the New World. • Disease devastated Native Populations
  7. 7. Effects of Disease Columbus remains a controversial figure today…click here to see why. 2
  8. 8. The Columbian Exchange The Columbian Exchange had not only a great effect on history, but still effects our lives today. 3
  9. 9. Colonization Spain becomes the first European nation to COLONIZE in the Americas. COLONIZE – Take control of the people and resources of another land TREATY OF TORDESILLAS – Divides Latin American between Spain and Portugal Spanish holdings as of 1615 4
  10. 10. Colonization • Britain and France are eager to establish colonies in the New World as well. • These nations soon begin establishing colonies of their own in North America!
  11. 11. Non-Wiki Images 1. From http://www.learnnc.org 2. From regentsprep.org 3. From http://northspringsapwh.blogspot.com 4. From http://mapas.owje.com

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