Unit 1 Early Exploration
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Unit 1 Early Exploration

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Unit 1 Early Exploration Unit 1 Early Exploration Presentation Transcript

  • American History: Unit 1 Lecture 1 The Earliest Americans and European Contact
  • Arrival of Human Population • ~ 15,000 – 12,000 years ago – Stone Age Hunters • Ice Age reveals land bridge connecting Asia and North America • Known as BERINGIA • ~ 8000 BCE people dispersed throughout the Americas HOW DO WE KNOW? 1
  • Native American Societies • Over time, various complex cultures form in America • Culture – Beliefs, norms, traditions, and values of a group of people. • No private land ownership, close dependence on environment
  • Early European Exploration: Why Now? • Growth of centralized nations after the Middle Ages • Crusades create a thirst for Eastern Goods (spices, rice, coffee, lemons, mirrors, cotton clothes, writing paper, etc., etc.) • Renaissance ideas/discoveries lead to inventions that make long distance sailing possible (Astrolabe, Caravel, cartography improvements, etc.)
  • Early European Exploration Motives for Exploration “The Three G’s” • Gold • God • Glory Early Explorers • Vasco de Gama – sails around Horn of Africa to India • Columbus – looking for a shorter route sails WEST – stumbles onto the Americas 1492
  • Early European Exploration Columbus: • Claims new lands for Spain • Enslaves native population of San Salvador • Opens the door for Columbian Exchange Columbian Exchange: The exchange of people, ideas, plants, animals, and diseases between the Old World and the New World. • Disease devastated Native Populations
  • Effects of Disease Columbus remains a controversial figure today…click here to see why. 2
  • The Columbian Exchange The Columbian Exchange had not only a great effect on history, but still effects our lives today. 3
  • Colonization Spain becomes the first European nation to COLONIZE in the Americas. COLONIZE – Take control of the people and resources of another land TREATY OF TORDESILLAS – Divides Latin American between Spain and Portugal Spanish holdings as of 1615 4
  • Colonization • Britain and France are eager to establish colonies in the New World as well. • These nations soon begin establishing colonies of their own in North America!
  • Non-Wiki Images 1. From http://www.learnnc.org 2. From regentsprep.org 3. From http://northspringsapwh.blogspot.com 4. From http://mapas.owje.com