American History Unit 2 Lecture
5
The Articles of Confederation
State Governments
• During the Revolution and following
independence, states write their own
constitutions
• Weak executiv...
State Governments
• Guaranteed Certain Rights:
– Freedom of Religion
– Press
– Speech
– Equality and voting rights (for so...
Articles of Confederation
Articles of Confederation – agreement that
serves as the basis of America’s first
government. Ra...
Articles of Confederation
Overview:
Only branch of government is Congress –
UNICAMERAL
COULD declare war, sign treaties,...
Western Lands
United States had gained territory during the
Revolutionary War?
-States ceded land claims to Federal Gov’t
...
“Western” land acquired from Britain
Western Lands
• Land Ordinance of 1785 – Establishes plan to
survey and divide the land
• Northwest Ordinance of 1787 – Es...
Problems with the Articles
Weakness of National Government:
Cannot Tax
Cannot enforce laws
Cannot regulate trade
No co...
Problems with the Articles
States in Conflict:
Border disputes
Different money
Trade disputes
War debts
Questions of ...
Shay’s Rebellion Prompts Change
States are in debt from war, raising taxes
War veterans hit hard
Shay’s Rebellion in Mas...
U2 d5   the articles of confederation
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U2 d5 the articles of confederation

  1. 1. American History Unit 2 Lecture 5 The Articles of Confederation
  2. 2. State Governments • During the Revolution and following independence, states write their own constitutions • Weak executive, separation of power, idea of republicanism are common traits REPUBLIC – A state where power is held by the citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by representatives that they select.
  3. 3. State Governments • Guaranteed Certain Rights: – Freedom of Religion – Press – Speech – Equality and voting rights (for some people) 13 states that function independently – loosely held together as a nation by “ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION”
  4. 4. Articles of Confederation Articles of Confederation – agreement that serves as the basis of America’s first government. Ratified in 1781.
  5. 5. Articles of Confederation Overview: Only branch of government is Congress – UNICAMERAL COULD declare war, sign treaties, borrow money, coin money, establish a postal service, enter treaties with Native Americans. Each state had 1 vote in Congress, regardless of population.
  6. 6. Western Lands United States had gained territory during the Revolutionary War? -States ceded land claims to Federal Gov’t -Question is, how is land to be settled, divided, etc?
  7. 7. “Western” land acquired from Britain
  8. 8. Western Lands • Land Ordinance of 1785 – Establishes plan to survey and divide the land • Northwest Ordinance of 1787 – Establishes rules for establishing territories and creating states. Bans slavery in the Northwest Territory. • NW Ordinance – Considered the only real success of the Articles
  9. 9. Problems with the Articles Weakness of National Government: Cannot Tax Cannot enforce laws Cannot regulate trade No court system No respect abroad Cannot pass laws (9 of 13 must agree) Cannot change laws (13 of 13 must agree)
  10. 10. Problems with the Articles States in Conflict: Border disputes Different money Trade disputes War debts Questions of legal jurisdiction
  11. 11. Shay’s Rebellion Prompts Change States are in debt from war, raising taxes War veterans hit hard Shay’s Rebellion in Massachusetts, demanding tax relief, currency reform, debt forgiveness Lasts nearly two years; government cannot stop it (EXPOSES WEAKNESSES OF US GOVERNMENT!) Scares many in the ruling class Leads states to call for reform; calls for stronger government!

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