OCEANIA

Physical and
Human
Geography
OCEANIA

A. Oceania: a vast
region in the South
Pacific.
ISLANDS

B. Scattered: Made
up of islands that are
very spread out.
CONTINENTS

C. Antarctica and
Australia: Two
continents that make up
the area.
HOW MANY ISLANDS?

D. 20,000 – 30,000:
number of islands that
make up the region.
PHYSICAL FEATURES

E. Plateaus:
Widespread lowlands
across the continent of
Australia.
PHYSICAL FEATURES

F. Deserts: Simpson
Desert the most famous
for its sand dunes.
PHYSICAL FEATURES

G. Ice Sheet: Cover
the entire continent of
Antarctica.
CLIMATE

A. All Climate
Zones: Are located in
Oceania as they are all at
such different latitudes.
CLIMATE

B. Sunlight:
Determines the climate
as it determines how
warm each area is year
round.
CLIMATE

C. Ice Cap: Antarctica,
cold all year long,
permanent snow and ice.
CLIMATE

D. Tropical Wet
Climate: Hot and
Rainy year round.
VEGETATION

A. Great Variety:
Amount of plants varies
greatly as the lines of
latitude vary.
VEGETATION

B. Chaparral: Major
plant community found
in Australia. Cool, wet
winters and hot, dry
summers.
VEGETATION

C. Desert and
Desert Scrub: cover
dry, central parts of
Australia.
VEGETATION

D. Tropical
Grassland:
Covers Northern
Australia.
VEGETATION

E. Broadleaf
Evergreen:
Covers Australia’s
northeastern coast.
VEGETATION

F. Mixed Forests,
Highlands, and
Temperate
Grasslands: also
found throughout
Australia.
HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

A. 14: Number of
independent countries in
Oceania.
HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

B. Nauru: Smallest –
10,000 people.
HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

C. Australia: Largest
Population – 20 million.
HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

D. Antarctica: No
permanent population.
HISTORY

A. Southeast Asia:
Where Oceania’s first
people came from.
HISTORY

B. Aborigines: First
people to settle in
Australia.
HISTORY

C. 1500’s: Europeans
begin to explore and
settle the region.
HISTORY

D. Prison Colony:
Australia is settled as a
place to send British
prisoners.
HISTORY

E. Indigenous
Peoples: Died of
sickness brought by
Europeans, some died of
wars between the
groups.
HISTORY

F. 20 th Century:
Oceania fights for
independence. Australia
– 1901, Palau – 1994.
HISTORY

G. South Pacific
Forum: Encourages
trade and friendship
among the countries of
the region.
POPULATION

A. Thinly
populated: Oceania
and Antarctica are not
densely populated.
POPULATION

B. 7 out of 10: The
number of people who
live in urban areas.
POPULATION

C. 4 out of 5: The
number of people who
consider themselves to
be Christians in Oceania.
POPULATION

D. Islam, Hinduism,
and Buddhism: Next
three most practiced
religions.
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY

A. Minerals and
Energy: Two resources
that Oceania is rich in.
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY

B. Sheep: Brought by
European settlers. 12
sheep for every human in
Australia and New
Zealand.
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY

C. Diamonds:
Australia is one of the
leading diamond
producers (After Africa).
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY

D. Fossil Fuels: Coal
and natural gas in
Australia.
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY

E. Subsistence
Farming: Common in
Pacific Islands. Biggest
crop is coconut.
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY

F. Commercial
Farming: Eastern and
Southern coasts of
Australia. Livestock
raising.
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY

G. Forestry: Thrives in
the islands’ wooded
areas.
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY

H. Commercial
Fishing: Boats from
many countries fish in
the waters of the South
Pacific.
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Oceania

  1. 1. OCEANIA Physical and Human Geography
  2. 2. OCEANIA A. Oceania: a vast region in the South Pacific.
  3. 3. ISLANDS B. Scattered: Made up of islands that are very spread out.
  4. 4. CONTINENTS C. Antarctica and Australia: Two continents that make up the area.
  5. 5. HOW MANY ISLANDS? D. 20,000 – 30,000: number of islands that make up the region.
  6. 6. PHYSICAL FEATURES E. Plateaus: Widespread lowlands across the continent of Australia.
  7. 7. PHYSICAL FEATURES F. Deserts: Simpson Desert the most famous for its sand dunes.
  8. 8. PHYSICAL FEATURES G. Ice Sheet: Cover the entire continent of Antarctica.
  9. 9. CLIMATE A. All Climate Zones: Are located in Oceania as they are all at such different latitudes.
  10. 10. CLIMATE B. Sunlight: Determines the climate as it determines how warm each area is year round.
  11. 11. CLIMATE C. Ice Cap: Antarctica, cold all year long, permanent snow and ice.
  12. 12. CLIMATE D. Tropical Wet Climate: Hot and Rainy year round.
  13. 13. VEGETATION A. Great Variety: Amount of plants varies greatly as the lines of latitude vary.
  14. 14. VEGETATION B. Chaparral: Major plant community found in Australia. Cool, wet winters and hot, dry summers.
  15. 15. VEGETATION C. Desert and Desert Scrub: cover dry, central parts of Australia.
  16. 16. VEGETATION D. Tropical Grassland: Covers Northern Australia.
  17. 17. VEGETATION E. Broadleaf Evergreen: Covers Australia’s northeastern coast.
  18. 18. VEGETATION F. Mixed Forests, Highlands, and Temperate Grasslands: also found throughout Australia.
  19. 19. HUMAN GEOGRAPHY A. 14: Number of independent countries in Oceania.
  20. 20. HUMAN GEOGRAPHY B. Nauru: Smallest – 10,000 people.
  21. 21. HUMAN GEOGRAPHY C. Australia: Largest Population – 20 million.
  22. 22. HUMAN GEOGRAPHY D. Antarctica: No permanent population.
  23. 23. HISTORY A. Southeast Asia: Where Oceania’s first people came from.
  24. 24. HISTORY B. Aborigines: First people to settle in Australia.
  25. 25. HISTORY C. 1500’s: Europeans begin to explore and settle the region.
  26. 26. HISTORY D. Prison Colony: Australia is settled as a place to send British prisoners.
  27. 27. HISTORY E. Indigenous Peoples: Died of sickness brought by Europeans, some died of wars between the groups.
  28. 28. HISTORY F. 20 th Century: Oceania fights for independence. Australia – 1901, Palau – 1994.
  29. 29. HISTORY G. South Pacific Forum: Encourages trade and friendship among the countries of the region.
  30. 30. POPULATION A. Thinly populated: Oceania and Antarctica are not densely populated.
  31. 31. POPULATION B. 7 out of 10: The number of people who live in urban areas.
  32. 32. POPULATION C. 4 out of 5: The number of people who consider themselves to be Christians in Oceania.
  33. 33. POPULATION D. Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism: Next three most practiced religions.
  34. 34. ECONOMIC ACTIVITY A. Minerals and Energy: Two resources that Oceania is rich in.
  35. 35. ECONOMIC ACTIVITY B. Sheep: Brought by European settlers. 12 sheep for every human in Australia and New Zealand.
  36. 36. ECONOMIC ACTIVITY C. Diamonds: Australia is one of the leading diamond producers (After Africa).
  37. 37. ECONOMIC ACTIVITY D. Fossil Fuels: Coal and natural gas in Australia.
  38. 38. ECONOMIC ACTIVITY E. Subsistence Farming: Common in Pacific Islands. Biggest crop is coconut.
  39. 39. ECONOMIC ACTIVITY F. Commercial Farming: Eastern and Southern coasts of Australia. Livestock raising.
  40. 40. ECONOMIC ACTIVITY G. Forestry: Thrives in the islands’ wooded areas.
  41. 41. ECONOMIC ACTIVITY H. Commercial Fishing: Boats from many countries fish in the waters of the South Pacific.
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