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Goal 4

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The Great West and the Rise of the Debtor

The Great West and the Rise of the Debtor

Published in: Education, News & Politics
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  • 1. US HISTORY: GOAL 4
  • 2. Do Now  Respond to the following: Have you ever moved? For what reasons did you move? Where you nervous? Why?
  • 3. Migration, Immigration, and Emigration  1) Partner up. 2) Separate from other groups. 3) DO NOT distract or talk to other groups. 4) Partner read the article.
  • 4. Push and Pull Factors  1) On your post it: 2) Partner 1 – create list of things you think are push factors (factors that lead someone to move). 3) Partner 2 – create a list of things you think are pull factors (factors that draw someone to a new land). 4) Discuss as a class.
  • 5. Push and Pull Factors  A. Push Factors: - Effects of the Civil War, Irish Immigration, making a claim in the nation.
  • 6. Push and Pull Factors  B. Pull Factors: - Silver and gold, railroads, government support for settlers.
  • 7. American Interests  C. California Gold Rush (1848): - Gold found at Sutter’s Mill in California, people flock to strike it rich.
  • 8. American Interests  C. Comstock Lode: - Largest silver discovery in U.S. History. Brought thousands of prospectors to Nevada.
  • 9. American Interests  D. Homestead Act: - Federal law of 1862 that granted 160 acres of land to any settler agreeing to cultivate it for 5 years.
  • 10. American Interests  E. Morrill Land Grant Act of 1862: - Civil War legislation that granted land to states loyal to the Union for establishing agricultural colleges.
  • 11. American Interests  F. Hatch Act: - Developed new farming methods.
  • 12. American Interests  G. Oklahoma Land Rush: - U.S. granted land in Indian Territory to settlers and supported a race. - Settlers become known as “sooners.”
  • 13. American Interests  H. Exodusters: - Thousands of African Americans who took advantage of the Land Rush.
  • 14. American Interests  I. Mormons: - Sought religious freedom in West. - Members of the Church of Latter Day Saints. - Founded by Joseph Smith.
  • 15. American Interests  J. Joseph Smith: - Founder of the Mormons.
  • 16. American Interests  K. Brigham Young: - Led Mormons after Joseph Smith was killed. - Brought Mormons to Utah.
  • 17. Homestead Act Analysis  1) Read the Homestead Act individually. 2) Complete an APPARTS analysis of it. 3) Answer the questions after the reading. A – Author P – Place and Time P – Prior Knowledge A – Audience R – Reason T – The Main Idea S - Significance
  • 18. Oklahoma Land Rush Simulation  1) Line up at door QUIETLY. 2) QUIETLY walk down hall out to grass area near gym. 3) Wait for further instruction. But First!!! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yxaJ Y8UZxn4
  • 19. Exit Ticket  On a sheet of paper create a cause and effect chart describing what caused migration to the West and what the effects of this migration were.
  • 20. Do Now  Look at the picture on the right and answer the following questions: 1) What do you see? 2) What does it mean? 3) How do you know?
  • 21. Indians  A. Plains Indians: - Lived on Great American plain, nomadic, relied on horse and buffalo, communal living, shared land.
  • 22. Indians  B. Buffalo: - Hunting and tourism kill off buffalo population. - Indians had relied on buffalo for food and goods.
  • 23. Indians  C. Treaties: - Treaties with Native Americans were broken.
  • 24. Indians  D. Battle of Fallen Timbers: - 1794: Major battle in which General Anthony Wayne defeated Shawnee, Wyandot, and other Native American peoples in northwest Ohio.
  • 25. Indians  E. Treaty of Greenville: - 1796: Indians agree to give up most of Ohio for $20,000 and a yearly sum of $10,000. - U.S. gains control of Northwest Territory.
  • 26. Indians  F. Tecumseh: - Indian Chief and brother “The Prophet” warn the only way for Native Americans to keep land is to form a Native American confederacy.
  • 27. Indians  G. Reservations: - U.S. government starts forcing Indians onto reservations. - Promises to payment and supplies but does not deliver. - Leads to uprisings.
  • 28. Indian Wars  H. Massacre at Sand Creek, 1864: - John Chivington leads Army unit in massacre of Cheyenne tribe.
  • 29. Indian Wars  I. Fetterman’s Massacre, 1866: - Fetterman’s small army band crushed by Sitting Bull, Crazy Horse, and Red Cloud’s warriors.
  • 30. Indian Wars  J. Little Bighorn, 1876: - Sioux defend land promised to them. - Army sends George Custer. - He and his men are all killed by Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull’s men. (Custer’s Last Stand).
  • 31. Indian Wars  K. Buffalo Soldiers: - African American regiment that fought against Native Americans.
  • 32. Indian Wars  L. Nez Perce Indians: - Led by Chief Joseph. - Chased by the army for over a thousand miles before being captured. - “I will fight no more forever.”
  • 33. End of Indian Culture  M. “Century of Dishonor:” - Helen Hunt Jackson. - Unveiled treatment of Native Americans.
  • 34. End of Indian Culture  N. Assimilation: - Forcing Native Americans to adopt white culture. - Supported by many people.
  • 35. End of Indian Culture  O. Dawes Act: - Passed in 1887 - 160 acres to each family. - Most land will be taken. - Sent to boarding schools.
  • 36. End of Indian Culture  P. Ghost Dance Movement: - Sioux spiritual dance. - Protection from whites. - Dance was outlawed.
  • 37. Carlisle School  Watch the clip. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yfRH qWCz3Zw 1) What do you see? 2) What does it mean? 3) How do you know?
  • 38. Ghost Dance  Watch the Clip http://www.youtube.com /watch?v=7PQj-NHp83A 1) What do you see? 2) What does it mean? 3) How do you know?
  • 39. Photo Analysis  1) Partner up 2) Separate from other partners. 3) DO NOT talk to or distract other partners. 4) Look at the photos and answer the questions on the right for each. 1) What is this a photo of? 2) What does it say about life in the west? 3) What evidence do you have to defend your answer?
  • 40. Exit Ticket  Respond to the following: What led people to settle in the West and how did the decision affect those who were already there?
  • 41. Do Now  Do Now Look at the picture on the right and answer the following. 1) What do you see? 2) What does it mean? 3) How do you know?
  • 42. Life in the West  A. Open Range: - Great Plains area. - No boundaries to man or cattle. - Low population.
  • 43. Life in the West  B. Demand for Food: - Urban populations demanded more food. - Cattle drives to meet railroads.
  • 44. Life in the West  C. Chisholm Trail: - Trail used by cowboys to drive cattle to rail yards. D. Abilene: - Major stop on trail.
  • 45. Life in the West  E. Long Drive: - Movement of cattle by cowboys that lasted for months.
  • 46. Life in the West  F. Barbed Wire: - Ends the open range. - Cattle can be contained.
  • 47. Life in the West  G. Sod Houses: - Homes built out of grass and mud on plains. - Settlers faced extreme weather, drought, and isolation.
  • 48. Life in the West  H. Bonanza Farms: - Huge single crop farms. - Often led to poor soil, high debts.
  • 49. Life in the West  I. Decline of Farming: - Industry rises, cities urbanize, the frontier closes, debts rise, and railroads charge outrageous prices.
  • 50. Railroads and Populism  A. Transcontinental Railroad: - Union Pacific and Central Pacific. - Meet at Promontory Point, Utah. - Chinese and Irish mostly build.
  • 51. Railroads and Populism  B. Pullman Sleeper Cars: - Allow for overnight travel on railroads.
  • 52. Railroads and Populism  C. Rebates: - Money given back to a consumer of railroad services. - Preferred one customer over the other.
  • 53. Railroads and Populism  D. Long Haul/Short Haul: - Charged more for shipment between two lines on a track than sending goods down the whole track.
  • 54. Railroads and Populism  E. Grangers: - Called for regulation of railroads. - “Granger Laws” State laws that regulated railroad abuses. - Currency reform.
  • 55. Railroads and Populism  F. Munn v. Illinois: - Railroads challenge Granger laws. - States regulate railroads.
  • 56. Railroads and Populism  G. Wabash Case: - Denies state’s right to regulate interstate commerce. - Leads to ICC.
  • 57. Railroads and Populism  H. Interstate Commerce Commission: - Wabash Case convinces Congress to pass ICC. - Federal government regulates railroads.
  • 58. Railroads and Populism  I. Gold Bugs: - Favor gold as currency. - Loaners and Businessmen. J. Silverites: -Favor silver as currency. - Debtors, famers, laborers.
  • 59. Railroads and Populism  K. Populism: - Takes place of the Grange. - Strong Midwest support. - Reform based.
  • 60. Railroads and Populism  L. Omaha Platform: - Increase $ supply. Income tax. Secret ballots. 8 hour workday. Immigration control.
  • 61. Railroads and Populism  M. Panic of 1893: - Nation enters recession. - Greenbacks issued based on silver and gold reserves.
  • 62. Railroads and Populism  N. Election of 1896: - William McKinley v. William Jennings Bryan. - Gold v. Silver.
  • 63. Railroads and Populism  O. Cross of Gold Speech: - Delivered by Bryan. - McKinley wins election and Populism dies.
  • 64. Grange Image Analysis  1) Take a minutes to look at the photo on the next slide. 2) When you see something you recognize or have something to say about raise your hand to come to the board and point it out. 3) We will discuss as we go along.
  • 65. Gold Bugs v. Silverites  1) Take some time to look over your notes. 2) Fill in Gold Bugs v. Silverites chart with your notes.
  • 66. Cross of Gold Speech  1) Listen to the recording. 2) Jot down anything you recognize or notice about the speech. 3) We will discuss afterward. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HeTkT5-w5RA

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