Goal 1 Social Issues
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Goal 1 Social Issues

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Slideshow 4 Goal 1

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Goal 1 Social Issues Goal 1 Social Issues Presentation Transcript

  • Social Struggles in the Federalist Era Women, landless farmers, African Americans, wage earners and Native Americans
  • The Economy of the South  Tobacco  Rice Paddies  Sugarcane  Biggest…cotton
  • Cotton on the Roadside, Cotton in the Ditch, We all picked the cotton but we never got rich!  1793, Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin (engine)  quickly and efficiently combed the seeds out of cotton bolls
  • Cotton is King!  1860, four million bales annually  two-thirds the total exports for US  strengthened slavery  Demand for slave labor skyrocketed
  • Class in the South  Planters: owned the larger plantations, slaveholders, dominated the economy and political systems, minority  Yeomanry: majority, held few slaves if any  Rural Poor: few, lived on land too barren for farming  African Americans: made up 37% of southern population
  • Slavery  Task   specific jobs once completed they had the rest of the day to themselves  Gang    system: System: sun up to sun down large plantations organized into gangs under the supervision of a driver (slave)
  • Slave Codes  Forbade enslaved men and women from owning property or leaving a slaveholders premises without permission  Could not carry firearms or testify in court against a white person  Banned from learning to read and write  Merely property
  • African American Culture  To cope with the atrocities of slavery, African Americans formed their own culture  Songs to pass the long workday or express hope  Religion: adopted Christianity but adapted it to fit their African heritage
  • Resistance  Work slowdowns  Broke tools or set fire to houses or barns  Try to run away
  • Rebellion  Nat Turner, 1831     led an armed uprising believed God had chosen him to bring his people out of bondage killed 50 white men, women and children. Tried, convicted and hung
  • Frederick Douglass  Rose out of slavery to become a prominent leader in the antislavery movement
  • Women      Rights were left out of the Constitution Could not vote own property hold political offices Not equals with their male counterparts Abigail Adams, wife of John Adams