Goal 1 Social Issues

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Goal 1 Social Issues

  1. 1. Social Struggles in the Federalist Era Women, landless farmers, African Americans, wage earners and Native Americans
  2. 2. The Economy of the South  Tobacco  Rice Paddies  Sugarcane  Biggest…cotton
  3. 3. Cotton on the Roadside, Cotton in the Ditch, We all picked the cotton but we never got rich!  1793, Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin (engine)  quickly and efficiently combed the seeds out of cotton bolls
  4. 4. Cotton is King!  1860, four million bales annually  two-thirds the total exports for US  strengthened slavery  Demand for slave labor skyrocketed
  5. 5. Class in the South  Planters: owned the larger plantations, slaveholders, dominated the economy and political systems, minority  Yeomanry: majority, held few slaves if any  Rural Poor: few, lived on land too barren for farming  African Americans: made up 37% of southern population
  6. 6. Slavery  Task   specific jobs once completed they had the rest of the day to themselves  Gang    system: System: sun up to sun down large plantations organized into gangs under the supervision of a driver (slave)
  7. 7. Slave Codes  Forbade enslaved men and women from owning property or leaving a slaveholders premises without permission  Could not carry firearms or testify in court against a white person  Banned from learning to read and write  Merely property
  8. 8. African American Culture  To cope with the atrocities of slavery, African Americans formed their own culture  Songs to pass the long workday or express hope  Religion: adopted Christianity but adapted it to fit their African heritage
  9. 9. Resistance  Work slowdowns  Broke tools or set fire to houses or barns  Try to run away
  10. 10. Rebellion  Nat Turner, 1831     led an armed uprising believed God had chosen him to bring his people out of bondage killed 50 white men, women and children. Tried, convicted and hung
  11. 11. Frederick Douglass  Rose out of slavery to become a prominent leader in the antislavery movement
  12. 12. Women      Rights were left out of the Constitution Could not vote own property hold political offices Not equals with their male counterparts Abigail Adams, wife of John Adams

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