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Goal 1 Federalism
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Goal 1 Federalism

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  • 1. The Federalists Era: The Creation of Political Parties
  • 2. Washington as a Trendsetter ►As the first president Washington set many precedents (setting trends that other presidents follow) ►Examples are:  A cabinet (people that advise the president like Jefferson and Hamilton)  Being a war hero  Leaving after two terms in office  Neutrality in foreign affairs George Washington takes the Oath of Office (Inauguration).mp4
  • 3. Judiciary Act of 1789 ► Set up the judicial branch, the Supreme Court and other federal courts ► Congress established:  13 districts, one for each state  3 courts of appeal  Supreme Court (6 members)  John Jay first chief justice John Jay
  • 4. Hamilton’s Economic Plan ► government needed to borrow money by issuing bonds to citizens ► accept all the debts of the Cont Congress ► reasonable debt was a blessing ► Forget agriculture and adopt industry ► Set up tariffs to protect American manufacturers ► Charter a Bank of the United States…the biggie that caused Hamilton was on Washington’s Cabinet as the Secretary of Treasury so he knew all about economics!
  • 5. Loose vs. Strict Interpretation ► Must be considered when talk of the US Bank starts because the bank may be unconstitutional ►Strict: government only has powers that are listed in Constitution  Jefferson  Constitution says nothing of a Bank of US…so they can’t create it ►Loose: interpret Constitution broadly relying on “implied powers”…justifies the creation of the bank  Alexander Hamilton
  • 6. Whiskey Rebellion ► Excise ► ► ► Tax on whiskey upset farmers who used whiskey to pay for things Farmers terrorized tax collectors Washington sent federal troops to stop rebellion proved that a strong gov’t was necessary
  • 7. The Federalists: Hamilton and Adams ► Wanted a strong national government ► putting the government in the hands of the “rich, well born and able”(elite) ► Manufacturing and trade (industry) were the basis of national wealth and power ► artisans, merchants, manufacturers, bankers, urban workers and eastern farmers ► Northeast
  • 8. The Democratic-Republicans: Jefferson and Madison ► ► ► ► ► ► Also called AntiFederalists Supported an agricultural economy (agrarian) rights of the states against the power of the federal government  Supported the Bill of Rights South and West Against the US bank Pro-French
  • 9. Treaty of Greenville ► Indian tribes were uniting into a confederacy under Little Turtle who fought to protect their land, armed by the British ► Little Turtle was defeated at the Battle of Fallen Timbers and he gives up all of Ohio ► Common conflict between Indians and white settlers: land ► Common Result: Indians lose more of their land
  • 10. Washington’s Foreign Policy ► Drama in France and Britain causes Washington to have to make tough decisions  Need to trade with both nations but don’t want to get caught up in their mess ► Finally, Washington issued neutrality proclamation…used until 20 th Century (precedent)  US was able to stay neutral because of our geographic isolation from Europe (we are just far away from Europe)
  • 11. Jay’s Treaty ►Britain was intercepting neutral ships ►John Jay sent to Britain to negotiate ►In the end, Britain had the right to seize cargo in route to France ►ratified by Congress, not supported by D-R ►prevented war with Britain…but only temporarily
  • 12. Pinckney’s Treaty ► Spain cut off Miss River at New Orleans for US ► Spain offered to negotiate with US, Washington sent Thomas Pinckney ► Granted America the right to navigate the Mississippi River and use the port of New Orleans and Spain gets northern boundary of Florida
  • 13. Washington’s Farewell Address ►Washington chose not to run again in 1796 setting a two-term precedent ►When he left he warned America against  Political parties  Foreign alliances  Sectionalism…division between North and South
  • 14. John Adams in Office ► Was a Federalists but his VP was Jefferson (D-R) ► Had been Washington’s VP ► His paranoid personality was not suitable for being president
  • 15. The XYZ Affair ►France was seizing (taking) American ships headed toward Britain ►Adams sent Pinckney to negotiate, French sent X, Y, and Z ►French were trying to get bribes so negotiations stop and Adams sets up navy to protect our ships ►Turns America against the French The XYZ Affair.m p4
  • 16. The Alien and Sedition Acts, 1798 ► Alien: the president could deport any immigrant who criticized the government ► Sedition: publicly criticizing the government was a crime for citizens ► Technically this violated the 1st Amendment
  • 17. The Virginia and Kentucky Resolution, 1798 ►Dem-Reps criticized the A & S Acts, said they were unconstitutional ►Virginia Resolution: state government can declare federal law unconstitutional ►Kentucky Resolution: states had the right to nullify (ignore) federal law ►First time states try to override the federal gov’t but not the last