Voc Review Ecosystems Interactions

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  • 1. Ecology Vocabulary Review Get out vocab sheet. Ecology: The study of how living things interact with nature
  • 2. Ecology
    • The study of how living things interact with nature
  • 3. Abiotic Non Living parts of the environment
  • 4. Biotic The living parts of the environment
  • 5. Symbiosis A relationship where two different species live closely and interact often.
  • 6. Mutualism A type of symbiosis is when two species help each other.
  • 7. Commensalism A type of symbiosis when one species benefits from another but the second species isn’t affected
  • 8. Parasitism A type of relationship where one organism benefits while harming the other organism.
  • 9. Carrying Capacity The maximum number of organisms of a species an ecosystem can hold
  • 10. Limiting Factor The scarcest resource or the one that runs out first that causes a population to decline.
  • 11. Adaptation A trait that helps an organism survive.
  • 12. Predator An organism that hunts others for food
  • 13. Prey An organism that is hunted for food
  • 14. Coevolution When a relationship between two species causes them both to adapt.
  • 15. Population All of the members of a species in an area
  • 16. Ecosystem A community of organisms and their environment.
  • 17. Biosphere All of the living space on earth.
  • 18. Community All of the different organisms of different groups in an area
  • 19. Competition When two organisms fight over the same resources
  • 20. herbivore An animal that eats only plants
  • 21. Carnivore An animal that eats only other animals
  • 22. Omivore An animal that eats plants and animals
  • 23. Food Chain A diagram showing how energy passes from one organism to the next
  • 24. Energy Pyramid A diagram showing how energy decreases as it goes up a food chain.
  • 25. Decomposition When dead organisms break down into simpler chemicals
  • 26. Decomposer An organism that breaks down material in dead organisms.
  • 27. Biodiversity Large amount of different organisms
  • 28. Food Web A diagram showing all of the connected food chains in an ecosystem