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11u bio div 05
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11u bio div 05

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11u bio div 05 11u bio div 05 Presentation Transcript

  • Domains and Kingdoms
  • Recall:• Kingdom• Phylum• Class• Order• Family• Genus• Species King Philip Called Out For Good Soup
  • Think. Pair. Share.There are 6 Kingdoms.If you had to separate all life on Earth into 6 majorcategories, how would you do it?
  • Clues: Think. Pair. Share.Genus Salmonella Genus Amoeba Thermoplasma volcanium Genus Juniperus Family Leporidae Mould
  • The 6 Kingdoms:Eubacteria (Bacteria)Archaebacteria (Archaea)ProtistaFungiPlantsAnimals
  • Which Kingdom Does This Belong To? Genus Salmonella
  • The 6 Kingdoms:Eubacteria: Kingdom: Eubacteria Cell Type: Prokaryote Cell Structure Cell walls Unicellular? Yes Multicellular? No Autotrophic? Some Heterotrophic? Some Reproduction Asexual
  • Which Kingdom Does This Belong To? Thermoplasma volcanium
  • The 6 Kingdoms:Archaebacteria:Kingdom: ArchaebacteriaCell Type: ProkaryoteCell Structure Cell walls without peptidoglycanUnicellular? YesMulticellular? NoAutotrophic? SomeHeterotrophic? SomeReproduction Asexual
  • Which Kingdom Does This Belong To? Genus Amoeba
  • The 6 Kingdoms:Protista: Kingdom: Protista Cell Type: Eukaryote Cell Structure Cell walls with cellulose (some); chloroplasts (some) Unicellular? Most Multicellular? Some Autotrophic? Some Heterotrophic? Some Reproduction Sexual or Asexual
  • Which Kingdom Does This Belong To? Mould
  • The 6 Kingdoms:Fungi: Kingdom: Fungi Cell Type: Eukaryote Cell Structure Cell walls with chitin Unicellular? Most Multicellular? Some Autotrophic? No Heterotrophic? Breaks-down organic matter Reproduction Sexual or Asexual
  • Which Kingdom Does This Belong To? Genus Juniperus
  • The 6 Kingdoms:Plants: Kingdom: Plantae Cell Type: Eukaryote Cell Structure Cell walls with cellulose; chloroplasts Unicellular? No Multicellular? Yes Autotrophic? Yes (with exceptions) Heterotrophic? No Reproduction Sexual or Asexual
  • Which Kingdom Does This Belong To? Family Leporidae
  • The 6 Kingdoms:Animals:Kingdom: AnimaliaCell Type: EukaryoteCell Structure No cell wallUnicellular? NoMulticellular? YesAutotrophic? NoHeterotrophic? YesReproduction Sexual (with exceptions)
  • The 3 DomainsThere are categories larger than Kingdoms, and eachKingdom fits into one of them.These categories are called Domains.
  • Think. Pair. Share.There are 3 Domains.If you had to separate all 6 Kingdoms into 3 Domains,how would you do it? Eubacteria Bacteria Archaea Protista Archaea Life Fungi Eukarya Plants Animals
  • Recall:What do these terms mean?Organic (biology definition)- Living or once-living matter.Autotroph- Makes its own food from inorganic sources.Heterotroph- Eats other organic matter.
  • What do these terms mean?Photoautotroph– Energy from light, inorganic food for growth.Photoheterotroph– Energy from light, organic food for growth.Chemoautotroph– Energy from chemicals, inorganic food for growth.Chemoheterotroph– Energy from chemicals, organic food for growth.
  • Copy This Chart Into Your NotesOrganism Energy Food for Carbon Source Growth SourcePhotoautotroph Light Self-made InorganicPhotoheterotroph Light Consumed OrganicChemoautotroph Chemicals Self-made InorganicChemoheterotroph Chemicals Consumed OrganicWhich category do humans fall under?
  • From Wikipedia
  • Comparing the Six Kingdoms: Lesson Hand-Out Kingdom: Cell Type:Cell Structure Unicellular?Multicellular?Autotrophic?Heterotrophic?Reproduction
  • Comparing the Six Kingdoms: Further Information Classification Prokaryote Eukaryote Kingdoms Archaea Bacteria Protista Fungi Plantae Animalia Body Form unicellular unicellular unicellular or unicellular or multicellular multicellular multicellular multicellular Cell Wall present present present in present present absent (different (peptidoglycan) some (chitin) (cellulose) from bacterial cell wall)Mitochondria absent absent present present present present Nutrition absorption, absorption, absorption, absorption photo- ingestion (some or all photo- photosynthesis, photo- synthesis systems) synthesis, chemosynthesis synthesis, chemo- ingestion synthesisNervous System absent absent absent absent absent present Motility present in present in some present in absent absent present some some