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The President And Foreign Policy
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The President And Foreign Policy

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  • 1. The President and Foreign Policy Chapter 7 Civics Gibbs - Fall 2008
  • 2. MAIN IDEA
    • “ As Commander in Chief and Chief Diplomat, the President leads the nation’s armed forces and directs U.S. foreign policy”
  • 3. Foreign Policy
    • A Nation’s plan for dealing with other countries.
    • The Primary goal of a successful American foreign policy is national security.
    • National security – the ability to keep our Country safe from attack or harm
  • 4. Another goal….and another
    • International Trade: creates markets for American Products and Jobs for American Workers.
    • Promoting World Peace: wars all over the globe can affect the American Economy negatively…and put National Security at risk
  • 5. Last Goal of Foreign Policy:
    • Promote Democracy all over the World.
    • Why? Promotes peace, and protection of basic human rights…that helps protect our National Security.
  • 6. So…THE 4 GOALS OF AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY
    • 1.) National Security
    • 2.) International Trade
    • 3.) World Peace
    • 4.) Promote Democracy
  • 7. Congress
    • Congress has power to declare war, to prohibit certain military actions, and to spend or withhold money for defense…
    • The Constitution does not clearly spell out who has control of foreign policy…so you can imagine that there is frequent competition between the President and Congress over who has the true POWER.
  • 8. Tools of Foreign Policy (The methods or procedures used by the President and Congress to reach their goals for foreign policy)
    • Treaties and Executive Agreements
    • Appointing Ambassadors
    • Foreign Aid
    • International Trade
    • Military Force
  • 9. Treaties and Executive Agreements
    • Treaty: Formal agreements between the governments of two or more countries
    • NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization
        • US, CANADA, NATIONS OF EUROPE
    • The Senate must approve a treaty by 2/3 vote
    • Or...President makes and “executive agreement” – deal between president and leader of another country.
  • 10. Appointing Ambassadors
    • Ambassador: an official representative of a Country’s government.
    • These people are sent to countries where the US gov’t accepts the legal existence of the government.
    • About 150
  • 11. Foreign Aid
    • Money, food, military assistance, or other supplies given to help other countries.
  • 12. International Trade
    • Making agreements with other nations about
        • What products may be traded
        • Rules for trading
        • Trade Sanctions: efforts to punish another nation by imposing trade barriers
        • Embargo: an agreement among a group of countries that prohibits them from trading with a “target” nation
  • 13. Military Force
    • As Commander in Chief, the President can use the military to help achieve their goals of foreign policy
    • President has sent troops abroad to help promote peace, ensure national security, promote democracy…even though Congress did not declare war.

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