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Israel Overview

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Transcript

  • 1. Israel Overview Chapter 2 Middle East Winter 2007
  • 2. Israel - the minority
    • Only state in the world where Jews are the
    • majority
    • Only – non-Muslim state in the Middle East
  • 3. Jews in Judah
    • Most Jews lived in Judah up until about 2000 years ago.
    • Babylonians conquered it in 586 BC
    • Romans in 70 AD
    • Destroyed the Temple both times.
      • (Western Wall remained standing)
  • 4.  
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7.  
  • 8. Punishment
    • Romans changed the name to Palestine - Jews spread out over the world – only a few remained in Palestine (Judah)
    • This time period became known as the Diaspora – or the settling of Jews outside of Judah
  • 9. Zionism
    • In the late 1800s – Zionists planned for a mass return to Palestine
    • In response to the Discrimination and persecution vs. Jews all over the World
    • Bought land and set up settlements in Palestine
  • 10.  
  • 11. Another Generation of Pain
    • WWII - 1933 – Adolf Hitler – 6 Million Jews were killed
    • Many Survivors fled to Palestine
    • Israel became an independent nation in 1948 (UN)
  • 12. A “Jewish State”
    • 83 percent
    • Jewish law affects everyday life.
    • Closed on Saturday – the Sabbath
    • Hebrew is the everyday language
    • Yiddish
    • Religious leaders have political influence
    • … .but it is a democracy – Jews have special privileges.
  • 13. Law of Return
    • 1950
    • any Jew from anywhere – can come to Israel and become a citizen immediately
  • 14. Immigration
    • Even prior to 1950
    • Population doubled from 1948-1951
    • Continues today
    • Attempts to Unify a very diverse Jewish Population
    • By 1992 – 75% were natural born
  • 15. A Jewish “Melting Pot”
    • Roots/traditions in 100 different countries
    • Russian Jews vs. Ethiopian Jews
    • One goal? A purely Jewish State
    • HSL Centers
  • 16. Ways of Life - Urban
    • Israeli Life – most live in cities and towns - in apartments.
    • A quarter of the population lives in the three largest cities: Jerusalem, Tel Aviv and Haifa
    • Very typical blend of Middle Eastern and Western influences.
  • 17. Ways of Life - Rural
    • Kibbutz – community jointly owned by the people who live there, mostly agriculture, work together, share the profits
    • Moshav –cooperative community – live separate – farm together
        • Share tools, pool crops for sale
  • 18. Religion
    • Freedom of Religion
    • “ Orthodox Jews” - Similar to Muslim faith in so much that Religion and Government are closely related
    • “ Israeli Jews” - A more modern “westernized” take on Judaism
      • Separation of Church and State
  • 19. Arab Israelis
    • (Muslims living in Israel)
    • Live separately in villages or neighborhoods
    • Face discrimination
    • Sets up the Israeli Dilemma