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Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma
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Events Critical to the creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma

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  • 1. Critical Events that led to the Creation of the Arab-Israeli Dilemma “ Menu” for your DBQ Mr. Gibbs Winter 2009
  • 2. WWI <ul><li>The Battle lines were drawn at the start of the 20 th Century </li></ul><ul><li>The matchup we are concerned about in regards to Palestine is </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Britain and France vs. Russia, Germany and the Ottoman Empire </li></ul></ul>
  • 3. Nationalism and Liberalism <ul><li>The two concepts introduced to the rest of the world by France </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalism – a country of the people, with permanent borders and a democratic government </li></ul><ul><li>Liberalism – improvements to our society is possible through education and reform </li></ul>
  • 4. The Kitchener Letter <ul><li>The messy break up of Islam </li></ul><ul><li>The Arabs declare their independence from the Ottoman Empire and turn their support towards Great Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Why? The Turks had driven Islam into the ground - The Arabs want an independent state of their own – the caliph to rule once again </li></ul>
  • 5. The Thrice Promised Land <ul><li>The Husayn-McMahon Letters </li></ul><ul><li>The Balfour Declaration </li></ul><ul><li>The Sykes-Picot Agreement </li></ul>
  • 6. The Husayn-McMahon Letters <ul><li>Correspondences between the British Government and Arab leaders from Mecca/Medina </li></ul><ul><li>The British promise Palestine to the Arabs as part of their “independent Arab kingdom” </li></ul><ul><li>Why? To gain support from the Arabs in WWI </li></ul>
  • 7. The Balfour Declaration <ul><li>The British Government’s Promise of a national home for Jews in Palestine </li></ul><ul><li>Why? To gain favor from the rest of the world </li></ul>
  • 8. The Sykes-Picot Agreement <ul><li>The agreement with the French that divided up key land in the Middle East between the: </li></ul><ul><li>French: Syria, Lebanon </li></ul><ul><li>British: Iraq, Transjordan and most importantly, Palestine </li></ul><ul><li>These territories would become “Mandates” </li></ul>
  • 9. Mandate over Palestine <ul><li>The British rule Palestine directly – and are stuck between a rock and a hard place… </li></ul><ul><li>Do we appoint a Jewish leader? Or an Arab? </li></ul><ul><li>Uh oh. </li></ul>
  • 10. Zionism <ul><li>“ Next year in Jerusalem” </li></ul><ul><li>Theodore Herzl – The Jewish State </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Semitism </li></ul><ul><li>First Zionist Congress </li></ul><ul><li>National anthem, flag, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>25K to 80K </li></ul>
  • 11. Anti-Semitism <ul><li>Pogroms in Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Spreading throughout Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Adds fuel to the Zionist movement </li></ul>
  • 12. Population graphs <ul><li>As seen in your AID Sourcebook </li></ul><ul><li>450K more Jews into Palestine </li></ul><ul><li>Still the minority – 30% </li></ul>
  • 13. Birth of organized Terrorism in Palestine <ul><li>Led to a massive headache for the British who were trying to keep the peace as best they could </li></ul><ul><li>Attacks on the British by both sides </li></ul><ul><li>The British are “exhausted” </li></ul>
  • 14. White Papers <ul><li>As a way to gain support from the Arabs in the imminent WWII </li></ul><ul><li>Limits the number of Jewish immigrants into Palestine to 75K in the next 5 years….then no more after that. </li></ul><ul><li>Why? To gain support from the Arabs in WWII </li></ul>
  • 15. Holocaust <ul><li>6 million Jews murdered </li></ul><ul><li>Led to worldwide sympathy for a Jewish Homeland </li></ul><ul><li>Led to more Jewish immigrants into Palestine </li></ul>
  • 16. The United States <ul><li>The United States enter into the conflict by encouraging the British to ignore the white papers and allow Holocaust survivors passage into the Jewish settlements in Palestine </li></ul>
  • 17. Arab League <ul><li>Now the independent Arab countries have an organized political front </li></ul><ul><li>Levels the playing field - politically </li></ul>
  • 18. UN Partition Plan <ul><li>A 2 state solution </li></ul><ul><li>Jerusalem becomes an internationally governed zone </li></ul><ul><li>Jews and Arabs living side by side </li></ul>
  • 19. Creation of Israel <ul><li>The official establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine </li></ul><ul><li>Immediately recognized by the US and Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Neighboring Arabs were not as welcoming </li></ul>
  • 20. Law of Return <ul><li>States that any Jew, from anywhere in the world, can return to Israel and be granted immediate full citizenship </li></ul><ul><li>This Law set forth by the Knesset – the Israeli Government </li></ul>
  • 21. 4 Wars <ul><li>The War of 1948-49 </li></ul><ul><li>The Suez War of 1956 </li></ul><ul><li>The Six Day War </li></ul><ul><li>The War of Yom Kippur </li></ul>
  • 22. The War of 1948-49 <ul><li>Gaza and the West Bank were now under Egypt and Jordanian Power </li></ul><ul><li>Jerusalem was split into East and West </li></ul><ul><li>The land formerly known as “Palestine” ceases to exist </li></ul>
  • 23. The Suez War of 1956 <ul><li>Nasser </li></ul><ul><li>A “victory” for the Arab World </li></ul>
  • 24. The Six Day War <ul><li>Changes everything….. </li></ul><ul><li>West Bank and Gaza Strip now “occupied” </li></ul><ul><li>Israel also pushes all the way to the Suez Canal </li></ul><ul><li>Israel occupies Golan Heights </li></ul>
  • 25. The War of Yom Kippur <ul><li>Egypt’s last stand – they “split up” with the Arab nations….tail between their legs </li></ul>
  • 26. Emergence of Egypt
  • 27. Changing Borders <ul><li>The Absorption of Arabs </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Israeli Dilemma” </li></ul>

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