Bangldesh

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Bangldesh

  1. 1. The Creation of Bangladesh Mr. Gibbs Developing Nations Spring 2009
  2. 3. Vast Differences <ul><li>Land – Languages - Pre-Independence History </li></ul><ul><li>The only thing that bound them together (loosely at that) was ISLAM </li></ul>
  3. 4. Our Biggest Problem <ul><li>How are we going to govern two lands that are geographically separate? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Especially considering the political capital was in WEST Pakistan and the majority of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the citizens living in EAST Pakistan </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Fight for our Rights <ul><li>The Awami League was formed </li></ul><ul><li>Greater autonomy for East Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Sheik Mujibur Rahman (a.k.a Sheik Mujib) </li></ul>
  5. 6. Election Day <ul><li>1970 –the election of a new National Assembly (Congress) </li></ul><ul><li>Awami League candidates won a clear majority – 167 seats out of the 313 possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Ayub Khan - military ruler – ignored the results and postponed the new Congress </li></ul>
  6. 7. Double Trouble <ul><li>Problem #1 – Riots broke out in the streets of East Pakistan </li></ul>
  7. 8. Mother Nature made things worse <ul><li>Problem #2 – a cyclone and tidal wave hit East Pakistan – historically remembered as one of the greatest natural disasters of all time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>600,000 Casualties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effect? The East Pakistanis felt the government was not sympathetic and did not supply enough aid. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Martial Law <ul><li>Martial Law is imposed – the Pakistani army is sent to the West to put down the riots. </li></ul><ul><li>“ What followed for the next nine months was probably one of the greatest bloodbaths in modern history as the army began a systematic slaughter of the Bengalis” </li></ul>
  9. 10. Millions affected <ul><li>1 million murders </li></ul><ul><li>10 Million head for India </li></ul><ul><li>10 million displaced within East Pakistan </li></ul>
  10. 11. India enters the conflict <ul><li>Recognizes and supports and independent East Pakistan (Bangladesh) </li></ul><ul><li>Helped defeat the West Pakistani army in Bangladesh </li></ul>
  11. 12. The aftermath <ul><li>Millions displaced – GNP per capita devastated </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure – farmlands and factories destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>However….The spirit and nationalism in the hearts of the new Bangladesh was established </li></ul>
  12. 13. The Future….? <ul><li>Unstable government </li></ul><ul><li>Population Density is off the charts </li></ul><ul><li>Its geographic location makes it susceptible to natural disasters </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy reliance on foreign aid </li></ul>

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