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5 Characteristics of Developing Countries The five most common traits found in Developing Nations
Poverty is Widespread What does “widespread” mean? Food, water, shelter… Education healthcare, clothing
Def of “poverty” BARELY able to satisfy their basic needs for food, clothing, shelter, education, health care, clean water.... They have to work long hours and do not eran enough money
WHY??? The Cannot produce enough Not enough job opportunity Not enough skills, tool, machines.
% of Families in Agriculture What is “wrong” with Agriculture? Fickle Mistress Tenants Tools Hand to mouth
The key number here is... 50-70 If 50-70% of your work force is working in Agriculture...you’re gonna have problems...BIG problems.
Difficult conditions Poor soil Inconsistent rain No irrigation Insects and/or blight Good some seasons...bad in others. Results in food shortages...leading to famine.
3 types of farmers Own Land – but small and poor quality Tenant Farmers – Renting land Day Laborers Which would you rather be?
Why is it so bad on the farm? Handmade tools Outdated tools Animals instead of machines Sick animals Poor seeds Produce only enough to feed themselves
$$$ Low production means low income Low income means low investments Low investments means low production I know!!! Let’s borrow money from someone!!! Bad idea – high interest rates and often times the gateway to a life of debt.
Capital is Scarce Physical Human Capital: what people use to increase their ability to produce the goods and services they need to improve their living conditions.
Physical Plows, warehouses, and irrigation systems Tools, machines, and factories Office buildings, copy machines, telephones Ports, roads, trucks
Human The knowledge and skills that people use to produce goods and services. How do you get it? Through training and education. You can’t have one without the other.
Imports are Limited Imports and Exports work together. If the Value of Exports is up...then the Value of Imports is up...and vice versa.
What are things you export? The things you produce that are LEFT OVER after to meet the local needs of your people. D.N.’s tend to export Natural Resources. Gifts of Mother Nature.
What are things you import? Goods and services that they cannot produce themselves...or cannot produce enough of. Food, energy, machinery, human capital,
If the two are imbalanced? You are in debt. You can take out a loan. I.N.’s are wary to lend to D.N.’s The end result is a poor, country with low standards of living.
Populations are growing Rapidly The Perfect storm: The introduction of Modern Medicine and old habits of ensuring the survival of a big family. When you combine these two factors...the result is a rapidly growing population
Puts a burden on the land Need more: Food Education Jobs Healthcare Water DNs already have a limited number of these things to begin with!!!!