Go#8 lawmaking completed 2011 2012

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Go#8 lawmaking completed 2011 2012

  1. 1. GO #8 Law MakingSteps in the Law making process Officials who are elected to serve in the national legislature _make laws_. National laws are made by __Congress__. Step  1  Introduce  a  bill  by  a   Senator  or  Representa5ve   Elected officials in Congress write laws and take  Step  2  Working  in   action in response to __problems_ or _issues_. commitees   Ways the executive branch influences policymaking. Step  3  Deba5ng  the  bill  on   the  floor  of  each  house   • Proposing legislation in an annual speech to Congress (State of the Union Address) • Appealing directly to the people • Approving or vetoing legislation • Appointing officials who carry out the laws Step  4  Vo5ng  on  the  bill  in   each  house   Step  5  Sending  the  bill  to  the   president  to  sign  into  law  
  2. 2. The Media informs policy makers and influence public policy. Ways media play an important role in setting public agenda • Focusing public attention on selected issues • Offering a forum in which opposing viewpoints are communicated • Holding government officials accountable to the public Government officials use the media to communicate with the _public__. Seeking to influence legislators to introduce or vote for or against a bill Individuals and interests groups influence public policy.Individuals Interest Groups• Participate in politics (voting, • Identifying issues campaigning, seeking office) • Making political contributions• Expressing opinions (lobbying, • Lobbying government officials• Demonstrating, writing letters) • Joining interests groupsInternational issues and event that would require policy decisions by localgovernment officials could include the following• Public Health concerns in the event of a pandemic• Public Safety in the event of an act of terrorism• Economic development policies in response to the emerging global economy• Policies to protect the environment (e.g., wildlife protections)

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