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Go#8 lawmaking completed 2011 2012

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  • 1. GO #8 Law MakingSteps in the Law making process Officials who are elected to serve in the national legislature _make laws_. National laws are made by __Congress__. Step  1  Introduce  a  bill  by  a   Senator  or  Representa5ve   Elected officials in Congress write laws and take  Step  2  Working  in   action in response to __problems_ or _issues_. commitees   Ways the executive branch influences policymaking. Step  3  Deba5ng  the  bill  on   the  floor  of  each  house   • Proposing legislation in an annual speech to Congress (State of the Union Address) • Appealing directly to the people • Approving or vetoing legislation • Appointing officials who carry out the laws Step  4  Vo5ng  on  the  bill  in   each  house   Step  5  Sending  the  bill  to  the   president  to  sign  into  law  
  • 2. The Media informs policy makers and influence public policy. Ways media play an important role in setting public agenda • Focusing public attention on selected issues • Offering a forum in which opposing viewpoints are communicated • Holding government officials accountable to the public Government officials use the media to communicate with the _public__. Seeking to influence legislators to introduce or vote for or against a bill Individuals and interests groups influence public policy.Individuals Interest Groups• Participate in politics (voting, • Identifying issues campaigning, seeking office) • Making political contributions• Expressing opinions (lobbying, • Lobbying government officials• Demonstrating, writing letters) • Joining interests groupsInternational issues and event that would require policy decisions by localgovernment officials could include the following• Public Health concerns in the event of a pandemic• Public Safety in the event of an act of terrorism• Economic development policies in response to the emerging global economy• Policies to protect the environment (e.g., wildlife protections)

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