GO #6 Federalism The U.S. Constitution establishes the principle of _federalism_, which is the __division__ of power between the ___states__ and __national_ government. The national government is ___supreme___ Powers not given to the national government are __reserved__ for the states. (10th Amendment) The Constitution _denies_ certain powers to both the ___national__ and __states_governments. Primary Responsibilities of each level of governmentNational State Local»Conducts foreign policy Promote public » 1000s»Regulates commerce » health » Derive their»provides for common defense »safety power from the »welfare __state__Tensions exist when federal __mandates_ require state actions without adequate funding. Theexpansion of the national government’s powers into areas traditionally reserved to the states hasaltered the relationship of states to the national government.
Separation of Powers ⇒ The powers of the national government are separated among _three_ branches of the government in ways that __limit_ any one branch from abusing its power. ⇒ The U.S. Constitution defines the powers of the three branches of the national government o Article 1 ___Legislative Branch____: Create laws o Article 2 ___Executive Branch____: Enforces laws o Article 3 ___Judicial Branch_____: Interprets lawsChecks and Balances: Each of the three branches of the national governments limits the exerciseof power by the other two branches. Legislative Branch Executive Branch Judicial Branch -Checks Executive -Checks Legislative - Checks Legislative • Override presidential • Proposes legislation • Declare acts of vetoes • Prepares annual budget Congress to be • Impeach and convict a for Congress to approve unconstitutional president • Call special session of -Checks Executive Congress -Checks Judicial • Declare executive • vetoes legislation • confirm or refuse to congress has passed actions to be confirm federal -Checks Judicial unconstitutional judges/justices • appoints • impeach and convict judges/justices judges/justices