GO #1 Political PrinciplesFundamental political principles define and shape American constitutional government. • The people are the source of any and all Consent of the governmental power. Governed • Government is not all-powerful and may do only those things the people have given it the power to Limited Government do. • The government and those who govern are bound Rule of Law by the law, as are those who are governed. • In a democratic system of government, the people Democracy rule. • In a representative system of government, the people elect public officeholders to make laws and Representative Government conduct government on the peoples behalf.
Historical Documents American Constitutional government is founded on concepts articulated in earlier documents including, Charters of the Virginia Company of London, The Virginia Declaration of Rights, the Declaration of Independence, The Articles of Confederation, and the Virginia Statue for Religious FreedomCharters of the Virginia Virginia Declaration of Virginia Statute for Company of London Rights Religious Freedom Guaranteed rights of • Served as a _model_ for • Freedom of _religious_ _Englishmen to colonists._ the __Bill of Rights_ of the beliefs and opinions Provided a government for Constitution of the United • Established a separation of the Virginia Colony States of America church and state English joint stock • Written by George Mason • Written by Thomas company established by • Drafted in 1776 to Jefferson royal charter by James I proclaim the inherent of England on April 10, rights of men, including 1606 with the purpose the right to rebel against of establishing colonial "inadequate" settlements in North government America • Basis for the Virginia The London Company was Constitution responsible for settling Jamestown Declaration of Articles of Confederation U.S. Constitution Independence • Established the first form • Establish the structure of• Declared the colonies’ of _national government_ the _U.S. Government_ _independence from Great for the independent states • Guarantees _equality_ Britain • Maintained that major under the law with• Stated _grievances_ powers resided with majority rule and the rights against the King of Great individual _states_ of the minority protected Britain • created a _weak central • Affirms individual worth• Affirmed “_certain government_ (no power and dignity of all people unalienable rights_ _” (life, to tax or enforce laws) Led • Protects the fundamental liberty, and the pursuit of to the writing of the freedoms of religion, happiness) Constitution of the United speech, press, assembly,• Established the idea that all States of America and petition people are equal under the • Written by the Continental law Congress• Written by Thomas Jefferson July 4, 1776