Foundations of government notebook unit 1


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Foundations of government notebook unit 1

  1. 1. Foundations of Government* Political Principles(Students given definitions to copy)• Consent of the governed: The people are the source of any and all governmental power.• Limited government: Government is not all-powerful and may do only those things the people have given it the power to do.• Rule of law: The government and those who govern are bound by the law, as are those who are governed.• Democracy: In a democratic system of government, the people rule.• Representative government: In a representative system of government, the people elect public officeholders to make laws and conduct government on the people’s behalf.Create a chart that list words/concepts to look for (create on board to copy) Consent of Limited Rule of Democracy Representative the Government Law Government Governed People NOT Everyone Government Officeholders Power Cannot do Govern People Behalf Law Government Conduct Historical DocumentsCreate a chart that highlights major points of documents. Charters of the VA Company of Established a colony in VA London Settled Jamestown Written by King James I Allowed a company to create a colony
  2. 2. Promoted English citizens to become colonists Discussed rights of colonists VA Declaration of Rights Written by George Mason Listed Rights Gave Virginians rights Model for the Bill of Rights Declaration of Independence Declared colonies independent Listed reasons colonies did not like the King of England Stated Unalienable rights (life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness) All men are created equal Thomas Jefferson wrote the draft Governments are institutions of men (Consent of the Governed) Virginia Statute for Religious Written by Thomas Jefferson Freedom Written for Virginia Allowed people to believe in their own religious beliefs Articles of Confederation First national government Weak central government State government had power Created a confederation of the newly independent states National government could not tax nor enforce laws Led to the writing of the U.S. Constitution.Students received a fill in the blank sheet that we went over in class together. This sheet listed the documents and their major points.
  3. 3. Preamble The preamble was put on the board section by section and students were to write the explanation of each part. We the people Establish the idea that the power of government comes from the people of the United States of Americain order to form a more perfect union,Create a better governmentestablish justice,Create courts/lawsinsure domestic tranquility,Peace at homeprovide for the common defense,Defend the nationpromote the general welfare,Create a government for the wellbeing of the people, health, happiness, safetyand secure the blessings of libertyFreedomsto ourselves and our posteritydo ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America Amending the U.S. ConstituionGraph the process Proposal Ratification 2/3 Congress ¾ States VA: Proposal by General Assembly VA: Ratification by VotersThere are 27 AmendmentThe Amendment Process is complex
  4. 4. First AmendmentStudents listed the first amendment rights, wrote what they believed they meant then we went through each right provided the definition and discussed.• Religion: Government may not establish an official religion, endorse an official religion, or unduly interfere with the free exercise of religion.• Speech: Individuals are free to express their opinions and beliefs.• Press: The press has the right to gather and publish information, including that which criticizes the government.• Assembly: Individuals may peacefully gather.• Petition: Individuals have the right to make their views known to public officials.*Students have also received the material to put this information on flashcards. The information may provide them with the terms and definitions or a question and the answer.