Beyond Open Access: OER - Open Access Week 2009
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Beyond Open Access: OER - Open Access Week 2009

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You have questions about how to open your content. Open.Michigan has solutions to help you share your materials openly and connect yourself to a global learning community.

You have questions about how to open your content. Open.Michigan has solutions to help you share your materials openly and connect yourself to a global learning community.

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Beyond Open Access: OER - Open Access Week 2009 Beyond Open Access: OER - Open Access Week 2009 Presentation Transcript

  • Beyond Open Access: OER / open access week workshop / march 2009 < Open.Michigan > < U-M Libraries > Except where otherwise noted, this work is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Copyright © 2009 The Regents of the University of Michigan Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Open.Michigan We help content creators maximize the return on digital resources by helping make these resources free and open for use and reuse by people worldwide. Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Workshop objectives. together. • explore the concept of Open Educational Resources (OER) and its potential contribution to the University of Michigan and other communities of sharing • understand the challenges of producing OER and get a glimpse of the process of developing openly licensed resources • sort through copyright and open licensing issues • learn how you can begin to effectively create OER the deliverable: a perfect score in copyright jeopardy Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • the end current landscape life cycle challenges the beginning Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Mark Shandro - http://www.flickr.com/photos/mshandro/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/deed.en Begin at the end. Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Where does this all lead? toward a culture of “OPEN-ness”: • a culture using creative materials for a variety of purposes: art, music, education, etc. • holistic view--how we get there is important • defining the 21st century education landscape Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • How do we get there? • faculty & students using and creating openly licensed educational media • institutions supporting open access journals and textbooks • developers building openly licensed software tools on open source platforms • all parties participating in innovative teaching and learning exercises Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Public Domain: Michael Reschke http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:OERlogo.svg Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • What are the main features of OER? “...educational materials and resources offered freely and openly for anyone to use and under some license to re-mix, improve and redistribute.” • the content (courses & learning assets) • the delivery (electronic & print media) • the use and reuse (copyright licensing) Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • What are the institutional goals for OER? • share and make teaching and learning resources easier to reuse for your community and for people everywhere • increase collaboration across institutions and disciplines through sharing educational content, courses, and curricula • support the mission of the university Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Who benefits from OER production? • you • classmates • students • friends • faculty • family • alumni • self-learners • partner universities • public knowledge centers • outside universities OER can benefit all these groups simultaneously Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • A few specific benefits. • recognition :: faculty showcase work and connect with other researchers • participatory learning :: students participate in helping with publishing, content creation • curriculum development :: faculty and institutions increase curriculum collaboration with outside universities by opening and sharing resources • transparency :: staff have a more transparent view of university efforts and materials, which allows them to participate in the education process and better assist faculty research and instruction Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • What do we mean by open? “...educational materials and resources offered freely and openly for anyone to use and under some license to re-mix, improve and redistribute.” • free, as in no fees, does not mean open • open access does not mean openly licensed Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Important differences “wait a second... this is open access week! you can’t tell us we’re not open! go home!” okay, but we’re going beyond open access - we’re going beyond open use and onto re:use and re:mix and re:distribution and re:re:re:re:::::: Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Open licensing: Creative Commons http://creativecommons.org/license/ Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Creative Commons: license conditions BY :: Attribution You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work — and derivative works based upon it — but only if they give credit the way you request. http://creativecommons.org/license/ Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Creative Commons: license conditions SA :: Share Alike You allow others to distribute derivative works only under a license identical to the license that governs your work. http://creativecommons.org/license/ Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Creative Commons: license conditions NC :: Noncommercial You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your work — and derivative works based upon it — but for noncommercial purposes only. http://creativecommons.org/license/ Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Creative Commons: license conditions ND :: No derivatives You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform only verbatim copies of your work, not derivative works based upon it. http://creativecommons.org/license/ Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Creative Commons: licenses http://creativecommons.org/license/ Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Some rights reserved: a spectrum. Public All Rights Domain Reserved least restrictive most restrictive http://creativecommons.org/license/ Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • A couple of important distinctions Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • The difference between OA and OER. OA: Open Access OER: Open Educational Resources • OA focuses on sharing content, but no underlying licensing requirement • OER includes any educational content that is shared under an open license (nix ND) • OER and OA are friends Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • OA // OER - buddies OA free, permanent, full-text, online access to scientific and scholarly works OER openly licensed educational content Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • The difference between OCW and OER. OCW: Open CourseWare OER: Open Educational Resources • OCW focuses on sharing open content that is developed specifically to instruct a course (locally taught) • OER includes any educational content that is shared under an open license, whether or not it is a part of a course • OCW is a subset of OER Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • OCW // OER - overlap OER OCW, single images, general campus lectures, image collections, singular learning OCW modules, paper or article syllabi, lecture notes, presentation slides, assignments, lecture videos - all related to a course Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • OER and eLearning: a relationship. OER • may exist in electronic or paper form • may not contain enough context to be “instructional” • are always licensed for reuse, redistribution, and re-mixing eLearning resources • exist only in electronic form • are generally designed to be instructional • may not always be licensed for open use Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • eLearning // OER - intersection OER eLearning intersection represents open, electronic, instructional resources Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • the end current landscape life cycle challenges the beginning Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • http://ocw.mit.edu/ Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • source: The New York Times source: MIT Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Recent Developments source: OCW Consortium Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • http://ocwconsortium.org/ Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • http://www.oerafrica.org/ Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • http://www.tessafrica.net/ Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • http://open.umich.edu/ Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • http://creativecommons.org/ Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • http://learn.creativecommons.org/ Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • http://sciencecommons.org/ Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • the end current landscape life cycle challenges the beginning Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • The OER life cycle. Authoring Clearing Editing Publishing Archiving Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • The OER life cycle. Authoring creating resources designing learning experiences granting permission - licensing Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • The OER life cycle. Clearing dealing with policy issues tracking content use attaching metadata Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • The OER life cycle. Editing editing and formatting the resource converting the resource to various distribution media Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • The OER life cycle. distributing the resource adding value to the resource (creative uses of metadata, search, online communities, etc.) Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • The OER life cycle. Publishing distributing the resource adding value to the resource (creative uses of metadata, search, online communities, etc.) Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • The OER life cycle. Archiving refreshing/retiring resources preserving past resources maintaining access to past resources Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • U-M OER life cycle. Authoring Clearing Editing Publishing Archiving Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • U-M OER life cycle. various techniques & tools Authoring Clearing Editing Publishing Archiving Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • U-M OER life cycle. various techniques & tools Authoring Clearing OERca software Editing Publishing Archiving Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • U-M OER life cycle. various techniques & tools Authoring Clearing OERca software authoring tools Editing Publishing Archiving Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • U-M OER life cycle. various techniques & tools Authoring Clearing OERca software authoring tools Editing Open.Michigan & Publishing eduCommons Archiving Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • U-M OER life cycle. various techniques & tools Authoring Clearing OERca software authoring tools Editing Open.Michigan & Publishing eduCommons DSpace (?) Archiving Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Publishing U-M OER. http://open.umich.edu/ http://michigan.educommons.net/ Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Publishing U-M OER. Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Publishing U-M OER. Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Publishing U-M OER. Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Publishing U-M OER. Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Publishing U-M OER. Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Producing OER. c curriculum OER people into convert materials Who are these people? Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • How it’s being done, elsewhere. Traditional OCW/OER Challenges publication model • cost • Staff Centric • access to faculty • Retroactive • scale • refresh rate Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • how else can we do this? Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • dScribe Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • dScribe publishing model goals: • scalable • sustainable • participatory approach: • automate and simplify a complex process • leverage capacity of institutional technologies and talents Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Motivated students... Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Motivated students... collaborate with faculty... Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Motivated students... collaborate with faculty... and a team of U-M OER specialists... Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Motivated students... collaborate with faculty... and a team of U-M OER specialists... to gather, review, edit, and publish course materials... Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Motivated students... collaborate with faculty... and a team of U-M OER specialists... to gather, review, edit, and publish course materials... for use by students, educators and self-learners... Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Motivated students... collaborate with faculty... and a team of U-M OER specialists... to gather, review, edit, and publish course materials... for use by students, educators and self-learners... worldwide. Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • “dScribes” do-it-yourself, digital, distributed motivated students or individuals who: • organize, clear, tag course materials • are familiar with technology and software • learn about intellectual property & copyright • engage with content in new ways Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • faculty & dScribe2 dScribe attends faculty & dScribe2 connect: license training course led recruit dScribe material as OER by dScribe2 publish dScribe to OER site Publishing faculty transfers course material to dScribe Process Class #1 Agenda: Class #1 Agenda: roles dScribe identifies faculty reviews & documents material: publish potential IP issues to U-M OER site dScribe clear IP Class #1 Agenda: dScribe2 dScribe makes OER team reviews & necessary edits to clears IP issues course material instructor BY: Garin Fons, Pieter Kleymeer characters by Ryan Junell Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • dScribe cast of characters dScribe Faculty dScribe2 Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • license material Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • license material That’s easy! Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • select a dScribe Class #1 Agenda: find dScribe for this course Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • select a dScribe I’ll do it! Class #1 Agenda: find dScribe for this course Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • dScribe training course Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • dScribe training course decision trees open resources fun! copyright Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • transfer material Class #1 Agenda: Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • transfer material Class #1 Agenda: Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • vet material Class #1 Agenda: find dScribe for open.michigan Class #1 Agenda: Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • vet material OERca: Content & Decision Management Software Class #1 Agenda: find dScribe for open.michigan Class #1 Agenda: Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • OERca Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Modeling workflow Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • review material Content Processing Class #1 Agenda: Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • review material OERca: Content & Decision Management Software Content Processing Where does this image come from? Class #1 Agenda: Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • edit material Class #1 Agenda: find dScribe for open.michigan Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • edit material Class #1 Agenda: find dScribe for open.michigan Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • final review Class #1 Agenda: find dScribe for open.michigan Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • final review Looks Class #1 Agenda: find dScribe for open.michigan good! Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • publication open.michigan Class #1 Agenda: Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • faculty & dScribe2 dScribe attends faculty & dScribe2 connect: license training course led recruit dScribe material as OER by dScribe2 publish dScribe to OER site Publishing faculty transfers course material to dScribe Process Class #1 Agenda: Class #1 Agenda: roles dScribe identifies faculty reviews & documents material: publish potential IP issues to U-M OER site dScribe clear IP Class #1 Agenda: dScribe2 dScribe makes OER team reviews & necessary edits to clears IP issues course material instructor BY: Garin Fons, Pieter Kleymeer characters by Ryan Junell Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • dScribe publication model benefits to students: • master course content • learn about copyright and copyleft • establish unique connection w/ faculty • potential to get course credit • collaborate w/ other dedicated classmates • make resources available to everyone Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • dScribe publication model benefits to faculty: • students in course know best! • establishing unique connection w/ students • quality assurance of materials • obtain user feedback on content >> improve content Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • dScribe publication model issues we have noted: • difference between student quality and faculty quality of work • limited expertise in subject area • limited time to devote to OER production • difficult to obtain the right balance of incentives for participation and production Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • the end current landscape life cycle challenges © the beginning Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • What we have experienced. OER production challenges: • cost • scale • access to faculty • content delivery • metadata • refresh rate • active vs. retroactive publishing • risk management • defining OER as a service Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Reducing risk: production policies. policies create an infrastructure to deal with issues. OER production typically involves three main policy areas: • copyright and other intellectual property • endorsement of products or people • privacy of students or patients Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Main policy areas. • copyright :: U.S. law grants limited exclusive rights to authors of creative works • endorsement :: U-M has a policy restricting what representatives of our institution may endorse • privacy :: the U.S. government tends to protect patient and student privacy Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Identify potential issues. • policies will determine publishing limits and publishing processes • we want to know what types of content may cause problems when publishing to a wide audience • we quickly identify these issues, document them, and deal with them Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • © Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Artwork these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Charts Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Graphs Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Illustrations: Cartoons these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Illustrations: Chemical Representations Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Drawings and Diagrams some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Graphics some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Scientific Images Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Ads, CD/Book/Movie Covers, Screenshots some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Photographs some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Text: Quotes, Passages, Poems The Mesh We have come to the cross-roads And I must either leave or come with you. I lingered over the choice But in the darkness of my doubts You lifted the lamp of love And I saw in your face The road that I should take. - Kwesi Brew some of these images used under section 107, U.S. copyright law: fair use Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Dealing with issues. • retainment :: you may already have or choose to obtain permission to use content from a 3rd party (must be openly licensed), or the content does not have a policy issue • replacement :: you may want to replace content that cannot be shared with open content that can be distributed through copyright licensing (Creative Commons) • removal :: you may need to remove content due to privacy, endorsement or copyright concerns Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • the end current landscape life cycle challenges the beginning Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Remember the OER life cycle. Authoring With pre-production clearing, content moves through the Clearing process smoothly Editing Publishing Archiving Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Remember the OER life cycle. Authoring With pre-production clearing, content moves through the Clearing process smoothly Editing Publishing Archiving Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Remember the OER life cycle. Authoring With pre-production clearing, content moves through the Clearing process smoothly Editing Publishing Archiving Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Remember the OER life cycle. Authoring With pre-production clearing, content moves through the Clearing process smoothly Editing Publishing Archiving Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Remember the OER life cycle. Authoring With pre-production clearing, content moves through the Clearing process smoothly Editing Publishing Archiving Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Remember the OER life cycle. Authoring With pre-production clearing, content moves through the Clearing process smoothly Editing Publishing Archiving Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Pre-production clearing - stages. Authoring + Clearing use content created locally (from U-M) choose 3rd party content from open sources that give explicit open licenses (or content that is in the public domain) document all 3rd party content with pertinent source information Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Pre-production clearing - stages. Editing display a clear notice of how others may use your work (Open.Michigan uses a CC: BY license) edit the resource to include 3rd party licenses and source citations Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Remember the OER life cycle. Authoring Clearing Editing With post-production Publishing clearing, the system gets clogged up and becomes less efficient Archiving Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Remember the OER life cycle. Authoring Clearing Editing With post-production Publishing clearing, the system gets clogged up and becomes less efficient Archiving Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Remember the OER life cycle. Authoring Clearing Editing With post-production Publishing clearing, the system gets clogged up and becomes less efficient Archiving Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Remember the OER life cycle. Authoring Clearing Editing With post-production Publishing clearing, the system gets clogged up and becomes less efficient Archiving Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Remember the OER life cycle. Authoring Clearing Editing With post-production Publishing clearing, the system gets clogged up and becomes less efficient Archiving Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Remember the OER life cycle. Authoring Clearing Editing With post-production Publishing clearing, the system gets clogged up and becomes less efficient Archiving Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Remember the OER life cycle. Authoring Clearing Editing With post-production Publishing clearing, the system gets clogged up and becomes less efficient Archiving Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Post-production clearing - stages. Clearing 1 search through materials to be published and identify potentially problematic content document all problematic content with pertinent information Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Post-production clearing - stages. Clearing 2 based on your “policy,” analyze the problematic content and decide what to do with it depending on your decision, clear content (retainment, replacement, removal) Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Post-production clearing - stages. Editing edit the resource to replace/remove problematic content edit the resource to include 3rd party licenses and source citations display a clear notice of how others may use your work (Open.Michigan uses a CC: BY license) Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Remember the OER life cycle. Authoring Clearing Editing The clearing+editing Publishing process can eat up a lot of time if you do post- production clearing. Archiving Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Remember the OER life cycle. Authoring Clearing Editing The clearing+editing Publishing process can eat up a lot of time if you do post- production clearing. Archiving Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Pre-production clearing - examples. the scenario: you are putting together a presentation on pancreatic disorders. you have a few images to use as examples from your own portfolio as well as a few with permission from your colleague. however, you’re missing a good example on pancreatic hematoma. while you could start with a Google image search, you decide to begin looking through open content repositories. Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • https://open.umich.edu/wiki/index.php5/Open_Content_Search Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • http://commons.wikimedia.org/ Tuesday, March 31, 2009
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  • Image courtesy of Herbert L. Fred, MD and Hendrik A. van Dijk - <http://cnx.org/content/m14942/latest/> Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 License <http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/> Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Pre-production clearing - examples. Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Post-production clearing - examples. the scenario: you are converting a presentation you gave last year into OER. this means you need to use the post-production clearing process to make sure the content is ready for OER publication. you start by identifying and documenting all the 3rd party content you used. Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Post-production clearing - examples. Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Colin Rhinesmith - http://www.flickr.com/photos/colinrhinesmith/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/deed.en Tuesday, March 31, 2009
  • Tuesday, March 31, 2009