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Presentation 10 Anatomy and Physiology of the Female Reporductive System
 

Presentation 10 Anatomy and Physiology of the Female Reporductive System

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    Presentation 10 Anatomy and Physiology of the Female Reporductive System Presentation 10 Anatomy and Physiology of the Female Reporductive System Presentation Transcript

    • By: Maria Garcia
      Medical Terminology
      Presentation 10
      Anatomy and Physiology of the Female Reproductive System- Gynecologist- Uterus- Vagina- Ovaries- Tubal ligation
    • Gynecologist: “ The Science of Women”
      A gynecologist is a Doctor that deals with the health of the female reproductive system such as the uterus, vagina and ovaries
      Almost all gynecologist are Obstetricians.
      The conditions gynecologist deal with are:
      -Cancer of the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, vagina, and vulva
      -Amenorrhoea :absent menstrual periods
      -Dysmenorrhoea: painful menstrual periods
      -Infertility
      -Menorrhagia : heavy menstrual periods
      -Infections of the vagina, cervix and uterus, including fungal, bacterialand viral
    • Uterus (Womb)
      A pear shaped organ that is bent forward with a thick muscular wall and mucous membrane lining
      Tied to the pelvic cavity between bladder and rectum
      There are 3 sections to the uterus: fundus, corpus and cervix
      The inner layer is known as the endometrium which contains a rich blood supply and provides nourishment and protection for a developing baby
    • Uterus (Womb)
      When a women is delivering a baby her uterus contracts with the thick muscular wall of the uterus, this is known as myometrium
      The lining of the uterus nourishes the baby throughout the pregnancy
      When there is no established pregnancy a women will begin her menstrual period
    • Vagina
      The vagina is an elastic, muscular canal or tube with a soft, flexible lining that provides lubrication and sensation.
      The vagina receives the penis and semen during sexual intercourse and serves as a channel for menstrual flow from the uterus.
      During childbirth, the baby passes through the vagina
      Contains a thin membrane of tissue called the hymen that surrounds and narrows the vaginal opening. It may be torn or ruptured by sexual activity, tampons or by exercise
    • Ovaries
      A women has 2 ovaries that are the size of an almond. They are located on each side of the uterus within the pelvic bone
      Ovaries produce ova and sex hormones
      Hormones follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) trigger ovulation
      Ovaries produce estrogen and progesterone which stimulate the lining of the uterus so it can receive a fertilized ovum
    • Tubal ligation
      Is known as having your tubes tied or tubal sterilization
      It is a permanent birth control where the tubes are cut or blocked to permanently prevent pregnancy
      It disrupts the movement of the egg to the uterus for fertilization and blocks sperm
      It does not affect a women’s menstrual cycle
    • When can tubal ligation be done?
      A tubal ligation can be done at any time, it can be done after childbirth or in combination with another abdominal surgical procedure, such as a C-section. It's possible to reverse a tubal ligation, but reversal requires major surgery and isn't always effective
    • Why is tubal ligation done?
      It’s main reason is to prevent pregnancy
      For some women it decreases the risk of ovarian cancer
      It is not appropriate for those who might want to become pregnant, obese, have severe cardiac or pulmonary disease, have blood-clotting problems, internal abdominal scarring, pre-existing gynecologic conditios, such as irregular periods or abnormally heavy or prolonged periods.
    • What are the risks of tubal ligation?
      It is a major surgery and can damage your bowel, bladder or major blood vessels
      Wound infection
      Pelvic or abdominal pain
      Risky if you had a previous pelvic or abdominal surgery
      History of pelvic inflammatory disease
      Not recommended if you are obese
      Not recommended if you are diabetic