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Quantum computing

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this is a ppt on quantum computing...done by students of Gudlavalleru engg college,Andhrapradesh...revanth

this is a ppt on quantum computing...done by students of Gudlavalleru engg college,Andhrapradesh...revanth

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  • 1. Quantum computationBased on nanotechnology By: M.Revanth kumar T.Sri kanth
  • 2. Speed of computation:  Vaccum tubes  Transistors  Devices that perform quantum computing
  • 3. Quantum mechanicsPhysical phenomena at microscopic scalesCompletely different from classical mechanics
  • 4. Quantum computing Theoretical study of quantum systems Those systems are applied to make a quantum computer Uses “QUBITS”
  • 5. Bits (classical computing) A bit can exist only in one state Either 0 or 1 Information behaviour : one single direction Logic gates are irreversible
  • 6. Qubits Can exist as 0 or 1 or coherent superposition of both Operation on a qubit effectively acts on both values at a same time An exist in both values simultaneously
  • 7. Bloch’s sphere: |1> |0>
  • 8. Ket notation: q= a l0> + b l1> Qubit system No. of (n) operations 2 4 3 8 4 16
  • 9. Representation of Data -Qubits Light pulse of frequency  for time interval t |0> |1>
  • 10. Physical interpretation Light pulse of frequency  for time interval t/2 State |0> State |0> + |1>
  • 11. Representation of Data -Superposition  A single qubit can be forced into a superposition of the two states denoted by the addition of the state vectors: |> =  |0> +  |1>  Where  and  are complex numbers and | | + | | =1
  • 12. Processors Classical processors Quantum processorsEach processor perform Single processor can one computation,while perform multiple other processors do computations on its own other computations simultaneously
  • 13. As increase in no.of Qubits Increase in quantum parallelism SolveQuantum parallelism problems in + fraction of Algorithm time
  • 14. GATES:Can achieve reversible operations by using quantumgatesEx.The AND Gate A B C 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1
  • 15. Reversible operations For a computer to run fast Inputs can be correctly deduced from outputs Irreversible computation involve loss of information
  • 16. Taffoli gate:It’s a reversible gate
  • 17. Quantum Gates - Hadamard Simplest gate involves one qubit and is called a Hadamard Gate (also known as a square-root of NOT gate.) Used to put qubits into superposition. H H State State State |0> |0> + |1> |1> Note: Two Hadamard gates used in succession can be used as a NOT gate
  • 18. Quantum computer Use direct use of quantum mechanical phenomena Utilizes quantum properties to represent data Could solve certain problems much faster
  • 19. Shor’s algorithm Allows extremely quick factoring To factor a 1000 digit number For a classical computer it take 10 million billion years For a quantum computer its just 20 min
  • 20. Building a quantum computer It can’t be from transistor and diodes A new type of technology is needed A technology that enables qubits to exist as coherent superposition of 0 and 1
  • 21. Why Nanotechnology is applied?
  • 22. References Text books: 1. Palanisamy 2. A quantum revolution for computing. Julian Brown, New Scientist 24/9/94 Wikipedia.org Videos on quantum computation by “centre for quantum computation and communication technology”
  • 23. Queries ?
  • 24. What ever may be the technology wecome up with, should able to reach a common man.