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Workshop tools & machines

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  • 1. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Twist Drill Bit Used to drill accurate holes in wood, metal and plastic. Common sizes range from 0.5mm-10mm.
  • 2. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Forstner Drill Bit Used to drill flat-bottomed holes in wood. Used with a pillar drill.
  • 3. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Hole Saw Used to drill holes (or make discs/wheels) in wood and plastic sheets.
  • 4. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Carpenter’s Brace Used with auger bits (e.g. Jennings Pattern) to drill large holes in wood. A brace allows a lot of force to be applied to the drill bit.
  • 5. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Jennings Pattern Auger Bit Used with a carpenter’s brace to drill deep holes in wood (e.g. when making furniture). Drill bits are available in large sizes.
  • 6. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Countersink Drill Bit Used to make conical (sloping) holes (wood, metal and plastics) to hide the head of woodscrews and metal rivets.
  • 7. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Flat Drill Bit Used to cut deep holes in wood. This drill bit removes the wood chips quickly.
  • 8. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Bevel Edge Chisel Used to cut joints (e.g. mortise and tenon joints) and to remove waste wood from awkward places. A chisel can also be used to shape wood.
  • 9. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Wooden Mallet Used to hit wood chisels when chiseling. It is also used to knock wood joints into place.
  • 10. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Rubber Mallet Used to bend sheet metal without damaging the metal. Can also be used to separate and gently knock wood joints into place.
  • 11. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Claw Hammer Used to hammer in and remove large nails, particularly when roofing houses.
  • 12. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Cross-pein Hammer Used to hammer in small nails (e.g. panel pins).
  • 13. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Ball-pein Hammer Used to hammer in larger nails and to flatten the heads of metal rivets (ball- pein end).
  • 14. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Tenon (Back) Saw Used to cut wood to length and to cut joints (e.g. tenon joints).
  • 15. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Hacksaw Used to cut thicker sections of metal and plastic (bar, rod and tube).
  • 16. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Junior Hacksaw Used to cut thin sections of metal and plastic (bar, rod and tube).
  • 17. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Coping Saw Used to cut curves in thin sheets of wood or plastic, such as acrylic. The blade can be rotated through 90 degrees.
  • 18. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Rip Saw Used to cut thicker wood (timber) along the grain (lengthways).
  • 19. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Nail Punch Used to hammer the heads of oval nails below the surface of the wood.
  • 20. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Carpenter’s Pincers Used to remove small bent nails without damaging your work.
  • 21. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Scriber Used to score (scribe) thin lines on metal sheet. The metal is usually coated with a blue dye which makes the lines more visible.
  • 22. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Smoothing Plane Used to level the surface and edges of wood. A good tool to remove unwanted blemishes.
  • 23. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Surform Used to shape, level and smooth wood. The blades can be easily replaced when blunt or damaged.
  • 24. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Rasp Used to rapidly remove waste material. A rasp is used on soft materials such as aluminium, plaster and wood.
  • 25. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Flat Hand File Used to remove waste material (wood, metal and plastic) to a finished size. Using a file is the first stage of finishing/smoothing materials.
  • 26. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Bench Hook Used to hold wood more securely when sawing. One end is fixed in the woodworker’s vice to stop it from moving.
  • 27. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Woodworker’s Try Square Used to mark 90 degree lines on wood and to check that edges/corners of materials are square.
  • 28. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Engineer’s Try Square Used to mark 90 degree lines on metal and plastic and to check that edges/corners of materials are square.
  • 29. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Steel Rule Used to measure and mark out wood, metal and plastics.
  • 30. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Marking Knife Used to mark (score) lines across wood. Particularly useful when marking out accurate joints.
  • 31. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Marking Gauge Used to mark parallel lines to a given edge on wood. These gauges are also used to mark out joints (e.g. tenon joints).
  • 32. 50 Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Jenny (Odd-leg) Calipers Used to mark (score) parallel lines on metal
  • 33. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Spirit Level Used to test that vertical and horizontal edges/surfaces are level
  • 34. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Woodworker’s Vice Used to hold wood securely when sawing, chiseling, shaping, filing etc.
  • 35. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Engineer’s Vice Used to hold metal securely when filing, drilling, bending etc.
  • 36. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP G Cramp Used to hold wood joints until the glue sets. It is also used to secure work to the workbench (e.g. when chiseling) to prevent it from moving.
  • 37. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Sash Clamp Used to hold (clamp) longer pieces of wood until the glue dries.
  • 38. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Corner Clamp Used to hold corner joints until the glue sets (dries).
  • 39. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Machine Vice Used to hold your work securely when drilling. The vice can be bolted to the drill table.
  • 40. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Hand Vice Used to hold small sheets/sections of wood, metal or plastic more safely and securely when drilling.
  • 41. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Toggle Clamp A special type of clamp that can be quickly locked and released. Used on vacuum formers to clamp the plastic sheet into position.
  • 42. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Bench Pillar Drill Used with drill bits to drill precise holes in wood, metal and plastic. Goggles must be worn when using this machine.
  • 43. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Band Saw Used to cut thicker sections of wood and plastic (sheets, blocks, tubes) in straight lines or curves.
  • 44. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Disc & Belt Sanding Machine Used to remove waste material and smooth the edges of wood and plastic sheets/blocks.
  • 45. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Reciprocating (Scroll) Saw Used to cut accurate curves in thin sheet wood and plastic.
  • 46. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Strip Heater Used to heat thin plastic sheet (e.g. acrylic) so that it can be easily bent along a line.
  • 47. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Vacuum Forming Machine Used to heat and mould plastic sheet into a variety of hollow forms (e.g. inserts for toy packaging).
  • 48. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Injection Moulding Machine Used to mould intricate plastic objects such as telephones and electrical appliances (casings).
  • 49. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Electric Power Drill Used with drill bits to quickly drill holes in wood, metal, plastic and concrete.
  • 50. Workshop Tools & Machines Design & Technology @ ISP Cordless Power Drill Used with drill and screwdriver bits to make holes and drive in woodscrews.