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mrdines 8th history HistoryAlive! Chapter 20 Slave Life
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mrdines 8th history HistoryAlive! Chapter 20 Slave Life

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Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 19African-Americans atMid-Century
  • 2. North and South, Slave and Free Location determined African-American living conditions Free blacks had SOME rights; slaves had NONE
  • 3. Slaves’ Legal Status Slaves were property; slaveholders had complete control Beaten, sold, even kill slaves Slaves have nothing
  • 4. Rural and Urban Slaves Majority of slaves worked in rural setting Small number of slaves worked in cities; did not get to keep their wages Urban slaves had more “freedom” than rural slaves
  • 5. Free Blacks in the South, part 1 Free blacks held normal jobs Free blacks viewed as dangerous; had restricted rights No guns, could not travel freely, certain jobs off limits
  • 6. Free Blacks in the South, part 2 Had more rights than southern blacks, but not equality Discrimination – unequal treatment based on race, gender, religion, etc. Segregation – separation of groups based on race
  • 7. Free Blacks in the South, part 2 Difficult to find jobs; worked low paying jobs Denied entry into churches Organized to protest unfair treatment:  National Council of Colored People NAACP – National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (founded in 1909; first use of ‘people of color)
  • 8. Economics of Slavery, part 1 Only a small number of farmers/planters owned slaves Cotton influenced slavery Cotton made many southern wealthy Cotton gave southern states economic strength
  • 9. Economics of Slavery, part 2 Economy depended on slaves to harvest cotton Slaves became more valuable as cotton prices rose Increased value led to better treatment of slaves Expanding market prevented slaves from ever earning freedom
  • 10. Controlling Slaves, part 1 Slavery only worked if slaves were forced to submit Physical punishment was often avoided; left slaves less likely to work Slaves treated as children; forced to depend on owners Slaves knew nothing of outside life Slave-breakers taught slaves to obey
  • 11. Controlling Slaves, part 2 Fear, violence, and overwork used to break slaves Slaves never know how long they would work or when the next beating was coming Idea was to keep slaves tired, hopeless, and broken

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