BCU hyper-local preso, Dec 2010
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Copy of presentation given at BCU to media students about hyper-local in the UK. This is a cut down version of the full 12” pack. Comments, feedback and suggestions are very welcome.

Copy of presentation given at BCU to media students about hyper-local in the UK. This is a cut down version of the full 12” pack. Comments, feedback and suggestions are very welcome.

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  • Stig: http://i.telegraph.co.uk/telegraph/multimedia/archive/01236/stig_1236599c.jpg Jeremy Hunt: http://www.pressgazette.co.uk/pictures/title/a/s/j/jeremy_hunt.jpg Cameron: http://transitionculture.org/wp-content/uploads/Cameron+big+society.jpg Race Online 2012: http://www.headstar.com/images/race-online2012-web-logo.jpg
  • Image: http://www.webtvhub.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/05/uss_enterprise.jpg
  • As defined by me and included in our review of Local and Regional media.
  • Docks into “Big Society” by potentially scrutinising local politicians and politics.
  • See: http://www.culture.gov.uk/news/news_stories/7450.aspx
  • Source: http://www.ofcom.org.uk/static/cmr-10/ENG-2.1b.html Image of Helen: http://www.hdqt.co.uk/images/IMG-helen-philpot.jpg Logo: http://www.bobrobertsonline.co.uk/uploads/channel-7.jpg
  • See: http://talkaboutlocal.org.uk/local-video-online-guest-post-from-damian-radcliffe/For content creators, the appeal of such sites is the relative ease with which they can be set up. Equipment to shoot and edit video material is cheaper than ever, and online video services don’t need a licence from Ofcom, nor do they need to adhere to the Broadcasting Code.
  • Logo from: http://www.mon-tv.com/main/
  • http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/witney-tv-making-its-mark-with-local-scoops-2092500.html
  • http://hackneypodcast.co.uk/http://www.radioawards.org/winners/?awid=198&awname=Best+Internet+Programme&year=2010http://hackneypodcast.co.uk/2009/09/edition-14-water/http://www.radioawards.org/winners/?awid=198&awname=Best+Internet+Programme&year=2010
  • http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2010/118/contents/made.
  • Ofcom data
  • http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2010/118/contents/made.
  • http://hackneypodcast.co.uk/http://www.radioawards.org/winners/?awid=198&awname=Best+Internet+Programme&year=2010http://hackneypodcast.co.uk/2009/09/edition-14-water/http://www.radioawards.org/winners/?awid=198&awname=Best+Internet+Programme&year=2010Gold Award details: http://www.guardian.co.uk/tv-and-radio/tvandradioblog/2010/sep/29/new-york-festival-awards-radio
  • http://www.prisonradioassociation.org/http://www.prisonradioassociation.org/?con=pressreleasehttp://www.radioawards.org/winners/?awid=197&awname=Best+Community+Programming&year=2010http://www.radioawards.org/winners/?awid=197&awname=Best+Community+Programming&year=2010
  • http://www.leysnews.co.uk/about Image: http://www.leysnews.co.uk/media/FRONTPAGE78.jpg Logo: http://www.leysnews.co.uk/demo/leysnews/graphics/LN_splash_1.gif
  • http://www.echonews.org.uk/
  • http://www.hackneycitizen.co.uk/ An application programming interface (API) is an interface implemented by a software program that enables it to interact with other software. It facilitates interaction between different software programs similar to the way the user interface facilitates interaction between humans and computers.
  • http://www.hackneycitizen.co.uk/2010/09/22/jude-law-goes-back-to-school-to-launch-film-competition-for-pupilshttp://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2010/sep/21/jude-law-school-peace-one-day
  • From about pages at: http://www.London-SE1.co.uk
  • http://www.neighbournet.com
  • Population stats: http://www.sheffield.gov.uk/your-city-council/sheffield-facts-figures/population-information (Oct 2010)Site data from Sheffield Forum as of 1st Nov 10.
  • http://www.harringayonline.com/ http://www.urban75.org/info/about1.html
  • Source:http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2010/may/18/david-cameron-big-society-plan
  • Scenes from in front of my flat 2002 , 400 metres from kings cross station – taken by my upstairs neighbour
  • Young people from all overnorthlondon would bring stolen mopeds to ride in motogp in the tiny ruyn down park in front of my flat. They woudl do this when the Arsenal football team had a home match – 1 mile away – the police would not respond to emergency calls.
  • Drug dealer living in caravan. Police would occasionally raid it but he kept drugs up tree in the park. Led to interesting behaviour by tree squirrels. Incident ended after many months when local criminals nearly killed him with baseball bat and left him for dead in the street. I faces a choice – move to the suburbs or get stuck in to solving local problems.
  • Huge burden of being an active local citizen engaging with local public services – death by consultation and meetings. Information overload – all local action overlaps in some way – eg youth work with policing, peoepl need to know what’s going on at a more granular level than the local newspaper.No one joins up the information for you – have to do it yourself. Reluctantly set up a website using a simple blogging platform – typepad. I have no coding nor html experience.
  • http://spitalfieldslife.com/my-promise/

BCU hyper-local preso, Dec 2010 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. An Introduction to Hyper-Local Media:Emerging Thoughts & Evidence
    Presentation to BCU School of Media students
    Damian Radcliffe, 1stDecember 2010
  • 2. Running Order
    Why this matters to Ofcom
    Definitions and Characteristics
    Hyper-local in the UK:
    TV and Video
    Radio and Audio
    Print
    Web
    Top Five trends
    Top Five barriers
    Top Five Opportunities
    What might happen next?
    Q&A
  • 3. Why this matters – Political and Social Context
    Local TV
  • 4. The rise of online
    Use of local media now compared to two years ago
    Source: Ofcom research
    4
  • 5. What we already know
    Localness matters to consumers
    Consumption habits are changing – slow death of trad. media, rise of the web
    Trend only likely to increase more people go online.
    Accessibility, convenience and quality of information are key drivers to the Web.
    New business models are emerging all of the time.
  • 6. Why look at hyper-local?
    On-going mission to:
    Understand how local media is changing and evolving.
    Understand how citizens and consumers use – and value - local media.
    Understand new business models.
    Understand how hyper-local can underpin local democracy in the UK.
    Role of hyper-local in supporting PSB ecology.
    Promote Media Literacy (use, understand, create).
  • 7. So, that’s the background.Now let’s talk hyper-local.
  • 8. Definition
    News or content pertaining to a town, village or small community.
    Geographically smaller than traditional broadcast regions.
    Comes in many different shapes and sizes.
    Professional.
    Citizen run/produced.
    Hybrid.
    Aggregator/Automated.
    Sometimes also referred to as ‘ultra-local’ or community media.
  • 9. Common Characteristics
    More localised – both in terms of geography and types of content - than more mainstream media outlets such as commercial radio, TV regional news, BBC regions, or regional and local newspapers.
    Often seeks to fill gaps - geographical, special interest or demographic – audiences hyper-local producers see as unserved, or under-served, by mainstream media.
    Diverse sources of funding (if any). Including: advertising, subscriptions, grants from public and private funding bodies and in-kind funding from volunteers.
    The value and role of community media goes beyond the provision of content, with specific value often seen in the social capital generated by it’s production.
    May be single issue-based, or too small for commercial operators to merit ROI.
  • 10. Local TV in the UK
  • 11. A new vision for local television
    “I have long believed that the lack of high quality local TV is one of the biggest gaps in British broadcasting.”
    Jeremy Hunt MP, Secretary of State for Culture Media and Sport
    8 June 2010
  • 12. RTS, 28 September 2010
    Jeremy Hunt has now outlined measures to improve the prospects for local TV:
    • Removal of all local cross-media ownership rules
    • 13. Public service broadcasting to be “redefined” with greater emphasis on delivery of local content
    • 14. Legislation to clarify which PSB channels should get guaranteed page one position on EPG
  • Shott Report: interim findings
    Nicholas Shottidentified commercial challenges in delivering local TV on DTT:
    • May be more appropriate to plan for local “services” rather than channels
    • 15. An existing national channel could act as “host” for local TV “windows” at set times OR offer on-screen prompt to “red button” services
    • 16. Limited number of services based on largest urban conurbations
    • 17. Additional revenue sources needed e.g. channel sponsorship
    • 18. Long term future may lie with IPTV
  • Where we are now
  • 19. The existing channels
    Wholly commercial channel owned by Guardian Media Group. Now on digital, cable and satellite. But programme plans significantly scaled back in 2010
    Community model supported by grants from regional and educational bodies. Mix of professional (mainly freelance) labour and volunteers. Emphasis on training
    Privately owned channel aimed mainly at ethnic Asian community in Leicester. Strong links with broadcasters in India to source content
    Small scale service run on semi-amateur basis. Contains local news and sport.
  • 20. Channel 7, Immingham
    Longest-running local TV channel in the UK. Launched in January 1998.
    140,000 homes can access on TV, via Virgin. (Channel 879). Some content online.
    The station is a community interest company (a not-for-profit social enterprise).
    Own production centre and studios. Broadcasts 9am to 7pm, seven days a week.
    What's On, Events and other local info broadcast in graphic form overnight.
    Recently won an O2 Think Big Award for its work with young people.
    Recent Partnerships
    Worked with the owners of the Grimsby Telegraph, on election coverage, including videos for the paper's website and broadcast on Seven as a longer programme.
    Community magazine publisher CPO Media to deliver a series of Media Mash Up! Workshops, training local students to create their own websites, magazines and TV.
    In partnership with the BBC, it recorded the BBC General Election programme at Immage Studios. The programme was re-broadcast under licence on Seven Local TV, which is believed to be a first for local TV in the UK.
  • 21. Hyper-Local Video Online
  • 22. Mon-TV
    Launched in 2008 offering “Local Television for Monmouthshire”,
    Features a weekly 15 minute news bulletin as well as a range of other content such as local Sport, Music, Festivals and human interest stories.
    Typically gets 1,000 users a day, increasing by 300% at busy times e.g. Festivals.
    Last December it recorded its millionth visitor.
    Run (voluntarily) by two professional filmmakers, and volunteers - some doing 15 hours p/w to help with filming, editing and scheduling.
    A lot of the content is generated by students doing a City & Guilds Level 3 Diploma at the station; with coursework being showcased in the “Mon TV Academy” . Many graduates stay on as volunteers after graduating.
  • 23. All go in Witney
    Guardian picked up on an interviewWitney TV had done with Jeremy Clarkson, during which the Top Gear presenter revealed that ‘Stig’ had been sacked.
    The Independent reported that Witney TV had 10,000 views in the first week, rising to 80,000, and staggering 3.5 million views in the ‘Stig Week’. Started by 4 vols for 11k.
    "You may remember a film called Wall Street in which Gordon Gekko said 'Greed is good, greed works'. Well it doesn't... He's history as far as we're concerned."
    Town has a population of about 25,000.
    Twitney also providing a platform for local video.
    Typically funded by own money, but Twitney, offers sponsors the chance to be featured the start and end of films, as well as selling banner ads, and commissioned features.
  • 24. Community Radio
  • 25. Licenced Community Radio
    Community radio stations are not-for-profit radio services designed to operate on a small scale and to deliver community benefits aka ‘social gain’, to one or more communities.
    Initial legislation introduced in 2004. First station launched November 2005.
    • Ofcom has to date licensed 228 stations over two rounds of licensing.
    • 26. 181 are broadcasting, 17 have either not launch or handed their licence back.
    • 27. Remainder preparing to start broadcasting.
    9.2 million adults (just over 11 million people) are able to receive a community radio station broadly aimed at them.
    C.15% of the total UK population may be able to receive a community radio service aimed at them on FM or AM.
  • 28. The Community Radio (Amendment) Order 2010
    Came into force on 22 January 2010. Changes to the legislation:
    Licence extensions: Ofcom can now extend community radio licences for one period of up to five years. The legislation specifies a period in which an application for an extension may be made. This licence extension 'window' commences 18 months prior to the expiry date of the existing licence, and ends six months before the expiry date.
    Removal of the 50% limit on funding from any single source: Previously a licensee could not receive more than 50% of its annual funding from any one source (this referred to a single organisation rather than a type of funding such as advertising or grants).
    Removal of the restriction on overlap with small-scale commercial services:Prevoiusly a licence could not be granted to a community radio station where the service would overlap with another local service serving fewer than 50,000 in its measured coverage area.
  • 29. A growing sector
  • 30.
  • 31. Community Radioin the UK - types of community servedAutumn 2010
  • 32. Other Community Radio & Audio
  • 33. Hackney Podcast
    • The Hackney Podcast won Sony Radio Gold 2010 for the best internet radio programme.
    • 34. Recently won the Gold award for General programming in the New York Festivals
    International Radio Awards.
    Launched 2008; available to download for free each month from their website.
    The winning podcast looked at water and how it fits into the lives of people in Hackney. 
    Featured author and psycho-geographer Iain Sinclair and architectural historian Simon Inglis, and music from electro-acoustic composers incl. Francisco Lopez and Stefano Tedesco.
     
    “The Hackney Podcast is just the type of targeted and locally orientated content that sets podcasting apart from conventional radio broadcasting. Using first rate contributors the podcast examined how water fits into the lives of people in Hackney. The production quality is outstanding giving the whole listen a water like lyricism that carries the listen through to it's conclusion.”
    Sony Radio Judges, 2010
  • 35. Prison Radio Association
    Based in HMP Brixton, Electric Radio Brixton supports rehabilitation by engaging prisoners in programming that addresses a range of issues related to offending behaviour.
    Broadcasts cover issues like education, employment and finance; mental and physical health; drug misuse; maintaining family relationships – all factors key to reducing re-offending.
     
    Majority of content is inspired, developed and produced, under guidance, by prisoners and broadcast across the jail to prisoners in their cells. Advertises educational opportunities and key messages on behalf of the prison or agencies e.g. Samaritans and Alcoholics Anonymous.
    Prisoners completing radio training courses gain recognised qualifications and develop a range of skills, including measurable improvements in literacy, numeracy and ICT. They also develop transferable life skills, essential to successful reintegration into mainstream society.
    “This no holds barred approach captures the harsh realities of life inside.
    The story delivered impact through impressive production techniques and credible story telling.”
    Sony Radio Judges
  • 36. Hyper-Local Print
  • 37. Leys News
    “Leys News …[is] … the most important source of information for local residents:
    achieving 36% of top scores and beating the Oxford Mail into second place.”
    Established in 1998. Published every two months.
    Reaches almost 5,000 homes and up to 14,000 people.
    Community newspaper and as such is non-profit-making.
    Delivered to every door on Blackbird / Greater Leys estate SE Oxford.
    Supported by a website http://www.leysnews.co.uk/and
    Leys Listings (launched Jan 08): a calendar of events, a Useful Numbers section (NHS Direct, out-of-hours emergency contacts for the local housing associations, the Thames Valley Police non-emergency number, etc) and a free classified ads section for residents.
    Paid for by one or two small paid-for adverts.
    Copies are pinned up in community buildings, takeaways, phone boxes and bus shelters.
  • 38. Paid for publication (eleven times a year). Established in 1979.
    Covers the Earlsdon, Chapelfields, Hearsall and Spon End districts of Coventry.
    Provides information, comment and entertainment for residents of these areas.
    Produced entirely by a core team of 10-12 volunteers.
    But anyone is welcome to contribute.
    It is independently financed by sales and advertising
    Not affiliated to political, religious or commercial orgs.
    Sold through local outlets e.g. newsagents, churches,
    pubs and local shops. Sell without taking a commission.
    Website has extensive links for local businesses and a
    detailed diary of activities organised by local groups.
    http://www.echonews.org.uk/
  • 39. Hackney Citizen
    10,000 copies distributed face-to-face in the first week of every month at markets, train stations, and events and also in cafes, shop, businesses and libraries.
    Estimated readership: 30,000. Plus online audience: http://www.hackneycitizen.co.uk/
    Written by the community incl. freelancers from NCTJ, Telegraph and the Guardian.
    No office, no staff, no overheads.
    No previous experience. (Keith Magnum who runs it used to work for the Green Party.)
    Sell ads, ABC1 skew.
    Won’t take ads from chains competing with local business e.g. Morrisons.
    Uses free Guardian API to pull in relevant content produced elsewhere e.g. a visit from Jude Law to the Petchey Academy in Dalston.
  • 40. Spot the Difference
  • 41. Online, Commercial
  • 42. SE1 / Bankside Press
    London SE1 Community Website - local news service and discussion forum for London's
    South Bank, Bankside, Bermondsey and Waterloo areas. http://www.London-SE1.co.uk
    Supported by
    in SE1 monthly printed
    what's on guide.
    SE1 Direct weekly email
    newsletter7,200+ subscribers.
    SE16.com is our online events
    guide for Rotherhithe and
    Bermondsey.
    All produced by Bankside Press, a small family-run web and print publishing business in SE1.
  • 43. Neighbour Net
    Started in 2000 with ChiswickW4.com
    Now runs 9 sites in West London. Mix of news and information.
    5 others with listing information.
    Membership model.
    Over 30,0000 signed up.
    Provides some demographic data
    • Postcode
    • 44. Real name
    • 45. DOB
    Used when selling ads.
    Some shared – and credited
    content with the local press.
    Looking at further expansion.
    http://www.neighbournet.com
  • 46. Online, Forums
  • 47. Sheffield Forum
    4.5 million posts, 273,638 topics and 111,393 registered users (Oct 10).
    Population of Sheffield = 547,000, England’s third largest metropolitan authority
  • 48. Other Forums
    Examples include:
    http://www.urban75.com/
    Brixton (and plenty of non-Brixton)
    related content from gig reviews to
    photographs and local forums. Traffic “in excess of quarter of a million page impressions
    per day” despite being non-commercial and free of advertising. Launched in 1995.
    Launched July 2007. Using white label social networking tools e.g. Ning, Flickr.
    Sign up required. 2,000 members. Discussion and interaction with both a civic and social purpose within the neighbourhood of Harringay in the Borough of Haringey.
    www.harringayonline.com
  • 49. Online, Campaigning
  • 50. Big Society Launch, No 10, 18 May 2010
    whetherman
    18 May 2010, 4:00PM
    Worrying to see Toby Young grinning away there in the background (apologies if it isn't him). Taking the earliest possible opportunity to get in his bid to take money, staff and resources out of the existing education system so that he can use them to get a better education for his own kids
  • 51. Abandoned cars and weekly arson
    Bingfield Park, Rufford Street 2002
    In front of Will Perrin’s house
    Pics – Mark Bailey
  • 52. Stolen moped Grand Prixs c2002
    Bingfield Park Kings Cross
    Most Saturdays when Arsenal at home
    In front of Will Perrin’s house
    Pics – Mark Bailey
  • 53. The ‘Crackavan’
    Rufford Street c2002
    In front of Will Perrin’s house
    Pics – Mark Bailey
  • 54. Got stuck in to traditional local action over several years........
    Kings Cross Development Forum
    Caledonian Ward Safer Neighbourhood Panel
    West Area Planning Committee
    Sparkplug Management Committee
    Gifford, Rufford and Randells Residents Association
    North King Cross Environmental Taskforce
    ‘Strategic plans’ - many
    West Area Committee
    CYP Management committee
    ....but found huge information burden mostly from council and local public services
    Uses the web to streamline all this
    Team Cally
    Planning Applications (dozens)
  • 55. Cemex: $multi-billion Mexican multi-national concrete company. Very noisy plant in KX.
    Resident led campaign uses videos to evidence noise. YouTube links sent to UK CEO, Council etc.
    Cemex capitulate – correct problems and restructure plant.
  • 56. Now over 900 articles from Four volunteer writers – aged 40-65
    Campaigns, information, wildlife, events etc
    Part of wider regeneration – crime down, streets cleaner, public services more responsive
  • 57. Hyper-Local Storytelling
  • 58. Other Forums
    Stories about life in Spitalfields, East London. Focus on human interest stories and history.
    Email sign up for daily updates. Ambition to author 10,000 posts.
    “At the rate of one a day, this will take approximately twenty-seven years and four months. Who knows what kind of life we shall be living in 2037 when I write my ten thousandth post?”
    Readers from Qatar, Seattle and all over the world, not just E1! Sample user comments:
    “Your blog has become a daily joy I look forward to savouring. It’s a bit like a grown-up (and sometimes not-so grown-up) advent calendar. I open it with the same anticipation…”
    “I love you gentle author. I read Spitalfields Life when my heart is worn. It makes me think of you and how remarkable the beauty. 2037 indeed. Hope I’m here.”
    http://spitalfieldslife.com/
  • 59. Top Five Hyper-Local Trends
  • 60. 1. Open Data and Transparency
    Government transparency agenda includes a commitment to make public all Council
    Expenditure over £500, salaries of Public Servants earning £150,000+ and organograms.
    CLG are encouraging financially literate citizens to act as ‘Armchair Auditors’
    scrutinising Council expenditure in a similar manner to the way that the Guardian asked
    people to help them review MP’s expenses.
    Adrian Short’s
    Website for the
    Royal Borough
    Of Windsor &
    Maidenhead
  • 61. 2. Civic Engagement
    Means for two way engagement from the public with elected officials, Councils et al.
    Sites belonging to officials, or a means for them to contribute on other Forums.
    “Formby First”
    started May 2007.
    Sean Brady is a
    Parish Councillor.
    Formby, small
    seaside town
    in Merseyside.
  • 62. Or you might find other officials using sites and forums set up by others.
  • 63. 3. Hyper-Local Advertising
    Location Based Advertising
    Predicted value $1.8bn by 2015, up from est. $43m in 2010 (ABI Research Sept 10)
    Uses a mix of GPS, Wi-Fi, and /or Cell-ID depending on the product or service, the region, the consumers, and the location accuracy required.
    Targets users with relevant local information, and ads for local businesses.
    Google, says such ads already get 8% more clickthroughs than basic mobile ads.
    Already live in the UK
    O2 More customers receive messages pushed from Starbucks and L'Oreal, regardless of
    their handset or contract, but only when they pass through locations pertinent to those
    companies. Service is opt in. Launched 15/10/10. One message a day max.
    Agencies
    Hyper-local media buying agency Oxbury Media, has built up an ad network of 10,000
    sub local newspaper publications and sites representing a 10m+ audience.
  • 64. 4. Traditional Media goes hyper… local
    Launched mid launched mid September 2010. Pan-Scottish roll out by end 2011.
    Six pilot sites: www.stv.tv/airdrie, www.stv.tv/bellshill, www.stv.tv/coatbridge, www.stv.tv/cumbernauld, www.stv.tv/motherwell, and www.stv.tv/wishaw.
    (Branded according to area, e.g. STV Motherwell or STV Cumbernauld)
    Content: news, events listings, ratings and reviews, weather, traffic, business directory. Plus information from local public bodies, sports organisations, theatre groups, schools, church groups, and other engaged community members.
    Editorial team working with “content partners and community contributors” to encourage UGC (as well as producing their own material).
    Links to media courses, training for contributors in web publishing and writing.
    Digital advertising opportunities e.g. banner ads, classified listings.
    Plusnet launch sponsor.
  • 65.
  • 66. Newspapers going hyper-local
    Smaller titles have always existed alongside bigger ones. Examples of new initiatives include:
    Associated Northcliffe Digital
    23 Localpeople projects launched in 2009, mostly in the South West.
    Associated says Localpeople has grown on average 22% p/m. Now has 100 websites.
    Aims to expand to 200 by Summer 2011.
    Guardian Local
    Designed to bring “a small-scale community approach to local newsgathering” in Edinburgh,
    Leeds and Cardiff . Each location has a dedicated beatblogger working in communities,
    finding stories and using mySociety tools, e.g. TheyWorkForYou.com and FixMyStreet.com.
    Trinity Mirror
    Teesside Gazette, has 10 online hyperlocal blogs, which each focus on a single postcode and
    are run by unpaid volunteers.
    Sites like that for the TM owned Uxbridge Gazette
    also contains links to hyper-local platforms.
  • 67. Newspaper sites typically have sites within a site e.g. this is Croydon Today
    Xxxx
  • 68. 5. The changing face of Journalism
    "A lot of bloggers seem to be socially inadequate, pimpled, single, slightly seedy, bald,
    cauliflower-nosed young men sitting in their mother's basements and ranting.”
    "But the so-called citizen journalism is the spewings and rantings of very drunk people
    late at night.… It is fantastic at times but it is not going to replace journalism."
    Andrew Marr, at the Cheltenham Literary Festival, October 2010
  • 69. Does hyper-local do journalism?
    Jon Bounds, Birmingham: It’s Not Shit (“Mildly sarcastic since 2002″)
    “I’m not a journalist, nor have aspirations to be one gives the site freedom… it doesn’t
    solicit adverts (the few on the site are unpaid favours to friends) gives it a strength.”
    But many sites have strong journalistic roots:
    The Lichfield Blog was launched in January 2009, by Ross Hawkes, senior lecturer in
    journalism at Staffs Uni. Started his journalistic career at the now defunct Lichfield Post.
    Saddleworthnews.com – edited by Richard Jones, a journalist who is currently a stay-at-
    home dad and who voluntarily updates his site.
    Andrew Gilligan, writes a weekly column for a hyper-local site in the area he lives in.
    “Gilligan's Greenwich" - http://www.greenwich.co.uk/andrew-gilligan/
  • 70. Many Overlaps
    I would argue that many hyper-local sites shares many of the characteristics and content
    we expect from journalists; from newspapers, from Regional TV news, from local radio…
    Holding authority to account
    Investigations
    Council Reporting
    Local campaigns
    Coverage of events; from Festivals to General Elections
    Local News
    Local Sport
    What’s On and Listings
    Classifieds
    Reporting on Emergencies
    Some quick examples…
  • 71. Holding public bodies to account
    The £25,000 website which attracts just 10 visitors a day
    Saddleworth News hyper-local site FOI to Oldham Council about the “Oldham Says” website, a site aimed at residents to support a local strategic partnership for the area, which brings together the Council, Greater Manchester Police, the local NHS, the education sector and others, to tackle various problems.
    FOI showed “Oldham Says” received just 2,548 unique visits in the six months to the end of September 2010.
    “With a total of £25,544 having been spent on setting up the site, that’s roughly equivalent to an incredible £10 for each and every click.
    The site’s readership has been particularly low in the last two months, with just 268 people logging on in August and 296 doing so in September.”
  • 72. Council Reporting
    Ventnor Blog, Isle of Wight
    Pits n Pots, Stoke
  • 73. News
    Hertsweb.tv. recorded and streamed General Election hustings live, using a vision mixer
    bought on eBay for £50.
     
    Lichfield Blog – 12,000 uniques a month, 10 stories a day. News only.
    In contrast thisislichfield.co.uk only publishes stories on a Thurs when also out in print.
     
    Ventnor blog solicited, and published, a range of responses from IoW related bodies:
    IW Council Reaction To Government Spending Review / Hampshire Police Authority:
    Response To Comprehensive Spending Review
     
    BCUMA Online Journalism students have set up a
    hyperlocal blog for the 50,000 public sector workers
    in the region, primarily to report those budget cuts and
    how they are affecting people.
     http://birminghambudgetcuts.blogspot.com/
  • 74. Issues and Challenges
  • 75. Top 5 Challenges
    Discoverability
    Funding and Making it Pay
    (CSR cuts, advertising – small revenues or inappropriate ads from Ad Sense, ‘big media’ paying for stories etc.)
    3. Resources (often run by one person, or small group)
    - especially an issue in the event of a legal challenge (lack of legal and financial resources, Union support etc.)
    4. Isolation and opportunities to learn from others
    Audience perceptions of quality
    - Our LMR consumer research suggested that some consumers may be turned-off by community media if they perceive it to be low in quality compared to other forms of local media.
    - But other research, and anecdotal evidence suggests strong stickability once services are found.
  • 76. Top 5 Opportunities
    1. More partnerships between big traditional media and hyper-local producers.
    Already seen 4iP and Talk About Local.
    New BBC Local Fund announced. Details TBC.
    The Birmingham Mail Communities project : 34 hyper-local sections on the Birmingham Mail website, featuring content from local blogs including Digbeth is Good, The Lichfield Blog and Bournville Village.
    Nick Booth’s new BBC blog on hyper-local websites: “Besides taking an interest in the bloggers, what they write and why they do it, I’ll also be talking to a number of BBC newsrooms and production teams and introducing people.”
    2. Cost of creation continuing to decline (e.g. iPhone, Flip, Wordpress, hosting etc.).
    3. Sector starting to develop cross links.
    Big Society – more volunteers.
    Tie ins with academic bodies, which can encourage diversity and broaden talent pool
    - Bournemouth University launched it’s own hyper-local site: http://www.standfirstonline.co.uk/
    - 13 journalism schools in the US taking part in PatchU initiative, with Patch.
  • 77. What might happen next?
  • 78. 1. Overseas players join the UK market
    Most likely, Patch. Which AOL invested $50m in last year.
    “One journalist in each town travels to school board meetings and coffee shops with a laptop and camera.
    Patch also solicits content from readers, pulls in articles from other sites and augments it all with event listings,
    volunteer opportunities, business directories and lists of local information like recycling laws. “
    Dramatic growth and investment plans
    April 2010 = 46 sites in 5 states.
    400 hyper-local sites over the next six months, bringing its total to 500.
    Hiring 500 more reporters in 20 states.
    “Biggest new hirer of full-time journalists in the U.S.” (Actually, most are part-time.)
    Expansion plans uses a 59-variable algorithm which includes factors like the average household income, how often citizens vote, and high school ranking.
    Claims it costs 1/25 of the cost of a daily newspaper in the same town.
  • 79. 2. Location Based Services take off
    Information and entertainment services, accessed through mobile networks which
    harness the ability to identify the geographical position of the device/user.
    Characteristics
    Share your location – and status - with friends.
    Discover businesses and services near you.
    Rate aforementioned businesses and services.
    See if your friends are nearby, or invite them to join you.
    Rewards / incentives to share e.g. badges, discounts etc.
    Best known examples: Foursquare and Facebook Places.
    Others, often US only atm: Gowalla, SCVNGR, Whrrl, Loopt and Brightkite
  • 80. Still small fry…
    Why?
    It’s pretty new, so low awareness.
    7% awareness amongst adults in US, April 2010.
    Low understanding of benefits.
    Low numbers vs. critical mass.
    “None of my friends are on it. so what’s the point?”
    Not enough businesses /deals to merit signing up.
    4. Privacy
    “The danger is publicly telling people where you are. This is because it leaves one place you're definitely not... home.” http://pleaserobme.com/
    5. Big brands late to the party
    But large user base may mean leapfrogging more ‘established’ services.
  • 81. But big potential for growth
    Individuals
    Desire to share where we are, what we are doing and what we are thinking.
    On-going rise of the smartphone.
    Access to free stuff, or discounts.
    Herd mentality (follow your friends).
    Location based activity becomes the norm.
    Businesses
    Develop relationship with customers – consumer insight and can drive loyalty
    e.g. Check-in Specials: unlocked when a user checks in to your venue a certain number of times.
    ("Foursquare says you've been here 10 times? That's a free drink for you!")
    If your competitors are there, then you will have to follow suit.
    Once integration is possible, can squirt out messages on all platforms / programmes.
  • 82. “Foursquare is a mobile application that makes cities easier to use and more interesting
    to explore. It is a friend- finder, a social city guide and a game that challenges users to
    experience new things, and rewards them for doing so. Foursquare lets users "check in"
    to a place when they're there, tell friends where they are and track the history of where
    they've been and who they've been there with.”
    Launched at South by Southwest Interactive in Austin, Texas in March 2009.
    c3 million users worldwide (August 2010).
    15,000 venues experimenting with Special Offers on foursquare.
  • 83. Insert Fsq in Space slide
  • 84. Facebook Places
    Launched August 2010. Just 9 months after development started.
    Focused on getting the three core elements right :
    finding friends,
    checking-in,
    building stories about places
    Will add rewards or deals with locations/companies in the future.
  • 85. 3. New partnerships and tie ins
    Starbucks Digital Network launched in the US in October 2010.
    Offers free (was paid) in-store Wi-Fi and exclusive content for mobile devices.
    c.30m logins to its Wi-Fi p/m. Mostly accessed by smartphones and iPads.
    The network's content includes news, entertainment, business, and health channels, as well as local neighbourhood information.
    Content providers for the network include Bookish Reading Club, Foursquare, GOOD, LinkedIn, New Word City, and The Weather Channel.
    You can also access special content from the New York Times, iTunes,
    and WSJ.com, the latter of which normally sits behind a paywall.
  • 86. 4. More reverse publishing
    Online content converted into print products.
    Attractive to audience not online, or who don’t use the web beyond email or Skype.
    Sweeble, allows community websites to be easily converted into a print product.
    See also Zinepal, Printcasting, iNews and FeedJournal.
    US blogger Michael Josefowicz talks about a new model:
    "Ground > Cloud > Print“ He calls this; “the Printernet”.
    HU17.net, which covers Beverley, has started a weekly print version. It’s a small
    print run – about 100 copies. Paul Smith, the publisher, told The Guardian:
    “Local shops have been very supportive with many signing up to advertising package
    that is realistic and very affordable, something that was certainly needed in the area.”
  • 87. 5. Everything is Social
    For some of us, some of the time, much of what we do is already social…
    Clickthroughs on news stories or items friends post to their Facebook wall.
    Following trends via a twitter #tag.
    Social bookmarking like Del.icious.
    Google Alerts.
    Netvibes.
    75% of news consumed online is through shared news from
    social networking sites or e-mail. Social news is finding us.
    Mashable, Summer 2010
  • 88. Relationships with old media are changing
    We no longer trust journalists like we did
    “What ought to worry all journalists is the
    massive slide in trust, relative to other
    organisations or groups, since this question
    was first asked five years ago…
    Of the 23 groups covered in the current survey,
    journalists have performed worse than every
    other one.
    That applies to each of the seven different kinds
    of journalists we identified except one – the
    red-top reporters, whose reputation was so low
    that it could hardly sink any further.
    Just about the only crumb of comfort to be derived from the figures is the fact that red-
    top journalists no longer prop up the table but have the dubious consolation of being
    overtaken (or undertaken) by estate agents.”
    Steven Barnett, British Journalism Review, Vol 19, No 2, 2008
  • 89. We increasingly want different things
    The days when “news and information were tightly controlled by a few editors, who
    deigned to tell us what we could and should know,” are over.
    No longer would people accept “a godlike figure from above” presenting the news
    as “gospel.” Today’s consumers “want news on demand, continuously updated.
    They want a point of view about not just what happened but why it happened. . . .
    And finally, they want to be able to use the information in a larger community—
    to talk about, to debate, to question, and even to meet people
    who think about the world in similar or different ways.”
    Rupert Murdoch, 2005
  • 90. “Small is the new big”
    “Don’t dictate to me.
    Or decide for me.
    This is what you’re getting.
    At Six O'clock.
    On Channel 3.
    News from Bedford when you live in a sleepy town just outside Beccles.
    Big is bust; big is broken. 
    Small is the new big.
    And what the web embraces, encourages and empowers is the individual…”
    Rick Waghorn, Norfolk blogger and journo
  • 91. Thanks for listening.Any questions?
    Comments and feedback welcome: damian.radcliffe@ofcom.org.uk  @mrdamian76