• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Going Global

Going Global






Total Views
Views on SlideShare
Embed Views



2 Embeds 52

http://geotallis12.weebly.com 48
http://www.weebly.com 4


Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Going Global Going Global Presentation Transcript

    • Going Global Cameron Dunn Chief Examiner, Edexcel
    • What is globalisation?
      • “ The growing economic interdependence of countries worldwide through increasing volume and variety of cross border transactions in goods and services, freer international capital flows , and more rapid and widespread diffusion of technology ” (IMF)
    • Factors
      • Internet and Satellite: financial flows, business decisions.
      • Falling cost of communication
      • Containerisation
      • Cheap air travel, and air freight
      • Cross-border road and rail networks
      • English: international language of business
      • MONEY, GOODS and PEOPLE move more easily than ever before.
    • Globalisation: getting connected
      • Global networks come in a variety of forms. They can be networks of:
      • Business and Trade – physical and financial flows.
      • Communication networks – the internet
      • Transport networks – air travel, container /shipping
      • Production networks – particularly TNCs
      • Political networks – economic / trade ties
      • Demographic networks – flows of people
      • The map below shows internet connectivity by connection density.
      • This is related partly to population density, but also to level of development.
      • It clearly shows the global economic cores, but barely manages to trace the outline of Africa:
      • An easy way to find out who is connected, or not, is to examine the pattern of a major TNC.
      • Below is information for MacDonalds. Note the importance of the three global core areas, and the lack of presence in Africa.
    • Global Hubs: megacities and world cities
      • ‘ cores’ with intense connectivity
      • some are World Cities such as London and Tokyo.
      • Others have special attributes
      • Many headquarter major TNCs
      • diverse populations with demographic flows
      • flows of finance, trade and ideas, move towards them:
    • The disconnected?
      • Successive WTO free trade agreements = growing world trade
      • The beneficiaries of this growth have been:
      • MEDCs – who have generally maintained their share of trade.
      • Asian NICs, who have seen rapid trade growth.
      • On the other hand, Africa and Latin America have not benefited.
    • Globalisation: the migration tide
      • Accurate data on migration is notoriously difficult to collect, but most estimates suggest that there are, globally:
      • 30-40 million illegal migrants worldwide
      • Refugees amount to 8-10 million
      • 130 million economic migrants
    • Who is moving, and to where?
    • The Globalisation / Migration link
      • THE GLOBAL SHIFT – has led to a rise in migration.
      • migration of executives and managers to new Asian economies
      • RUM to cities
      • Globalisation has made MOVING EASIER because communication and transport technology are better than ever, and has created a DEMAND for migrants.
    • Summary:
      • Globalisattion has shrunk the world; as a process it continues to increase connectivity.
      • Connectivity is most intense in global hubs; many of these are megacities.
      • Megacities attract migrants, both rural-urban ones and international ones, further fuelling megacity growth
      • In turn globalization contributes to the ability of people to migrate
      • Despite globalization some people remain disconnected