EDEXCEL GCSE 2010
Decision Making Pre-Release
Analysis of the the resource booklet
The Issue: Housing demand
in the UK (Unit A2)
What does it mean for the main paper?
30 mark questions on:
• Coping with Environmental Change: Coasts,
River and Tectonic hazards
• Providing for population change
20 mark questions on:
• Use and abuse of the environment : water
• Use and abuse of the environment : Recreation
Do not revise:
• Urbanisation in Sao Paulo
• London waste/transport management
• Primark/ Nike
• Child labour
• Reading/ M4 corridor
The DME Paper
• TIMING: Paper is 1¼ hours long. Your will need to plan your timing
carefully – there will be lots of questions to answer. Some will be
short – worth only 1 or 2 marks, some paragraph length - for 4 or 5,
and the last question will be of one to 1 ½ sides and worth a lot e.g.
12 marks. Clearly it is important to get the short answers right, (the
marks all add up to make your brilliant final mark!), but it is not worth
spending a long time on them at the expense of the long answer.
The paper is worth 60 marks (+ 3 for English etc.). So work out how
much time you should spend on the last question, for 12/60 marks.
• How?- allow, say, 10 mins. to look through q. paper and organise
resources, and at the end to check through. This leaves you 65
minutes to earn 60 marks, i.e. just over 1 minute per mark –
therefore for a 12 mark last question, you should leave about 15
minutes. (Obviously if it’s worth, say 10, adjust time) This is very
Affordable housing Houses which are provided below the market price. Developers are
now under obligation to build a certain number on large
estates. Housing associations also offer homes on a part
purchase and part rent basis for people unable to afford
Brownfield site A site which has been used for buildings or other development and
has been left to run down/become derelict. It will need to be
improved or cleared before it can be used again.
Greenfield site Land which has not been built on but which has been designated
Green belt An area of open land around a city, which is protected from
development. This is to stop the city spreading further.
Urban sprawl Urban growth, usually weakly controlled, into surrounding rural and
New towns The targeted and rapid expansion of a settlement (although they
may also be built from scratch) to alleviate the pressure of
overly high demand for housing in a region, especially on
Households An individual or a collection of individuals, living in a housing unit.
Social housing Housing owned either by the local authority or housing
associations, which is rented out, usually to people on low
Other key words
Eco towns New towns which are exemplar green developments of a
minimum of 5000 homes. They will be designed to meet
the highest standards of sustainability, including low and
zero carbon technologies and good public transport.
Property ladder The term used to describe an individual or family's lifetime
progress from cheaper to more expensive housing
Dwelling A house in which someone lives
Commerce The buying and selling of goods and services
University of the 3rd an organisation providing educational, creative and leisure
age activities for older people, including some vocational
education and training programs.
e.g figure 3, page 4
Which of the resources in the booklet relate to
each of the bullet points above?
Annotate your paper to show the links between
these issues and the resources on the following
Why affordable, and
why the urgency?
Ecotowns are seen as a balance between the need for new houses and
Why is urban sprawl
needing to be
This should warn us that ecotowns may not be successful if they
are built too close to existing large urban areas. They are aiming to
be as self sufficient as possible.
The two pieces of data are
linked. The higher the
population, the higher the
density of population.
Population density (People per squ km)
2009 2014 2019 2024 2029 2009 2014 2019 2024 2029
Describe the pattern of predicted Describe the pattern of predicted
population increase population density increase
Be careful reading this divided bar chart-
there is bound to be a data response
question on it! Can you work out the
figures for each group for 2016?
Using data from the graph, give as many reasons as possible why there the
number of households has increased and is predicted to increase.
Why is the quality of social housing lower than private?
What is the change over time?
Where might many of
these homes be located?
Market slows as
a big issue, especially
amongst first time
boom in social
Young people find it
difficult to get on the
housing ladder so
Margaret Thatcher sells off a lot of the they start renting.
social (council) housing in the UK Many landlords take
advantage of this by
for rent (buy to let)
Will any of the three options help reduce the number of homeless households?
London have the
Be able to compare the two sets of information using data.
What impact has this had on low earners and the young wanting to buy homes?
Why is the
so difficult to get
Increase due to
demand from second
home owners. Note:
Ecotowns will be built
in rural areas
Be able to identify trends in the data.
Suggest reasons for these trends
Land which has been developed previously and
is or has been occupied by a permanent
structure. It may be in an urban or rural
setting. It does not include agricultural land,
forest or parks.
Land which has not been occupied by a permanent
structure. It usually applies to land in the
countryside but can be undeveloped land within an
Clean uncontaminated services.
Reduced Fewer job
cost. for residents.
development. Difficult to get Wide-ranging
sheet’ for Damages
planning environment and
Improved Increase the Quality of life and
environmental economic value of the housing stock can
and human land and increases improve in
health as areas the city’s tax base. neighbouring areas.
get cleaned up.
Urban Fears of liability
revitalisation if land not
and the cleaned
Developers find it
Makes efficient hard to get
use of existing financial backing
infrastructure. because of the
Developing a Uncertain market
brownfield site is more Lack of information value – stigma
costly and more time about available sites. attached to
consuming. brownfield sites.
To reduce homelessness?
Especially in cities
Sources of domestic Carbon emmisions?
Fill in the table to work out how sustainable each of the
three options is.
Why do many people think that eco-towns will be eco-disasters?
What conflict can you foresee in each of the three options?
does this cartoon
Which of the three options do these views
support or oppose?
Not in my back yard
Identify different viewpoints held by the players/stakeholders indicated in these Figs. Are they in favour of
eco-towns or not? What aspect is their particular concern? - briefly summarise their viewpoint in the
Aspect of In Favour of Eco-towns Vs Eco-towns
Using each map…
Factor + -
Site A: Micheldever Station, Hampshire
• Largest site (520 hectares)
• Greenfield site (High quality farmland)
• 28,000 population with 12,500 dwellings of
which 5,000 affordable homes.
• 16,000 jobs (many working from home)
• Quick build
• Nucleated pattern
• Built around existing settlement
“The Agricultural Land Classification (ALC) provides a method for assessing the
quality of farmland to enable informed choices to be made about its future use
within the planning system. It helps underpin the principles of sustainable
development. The ALC system classifies land into five grades, with Grade 3
subdivided into Subgrades 3a and 3b. The best and most versatile land is
defined as Grades 1, 2 and 3a This is the land which is most flexible, productive
Site B: Shipton, Oxfordshire
• Smallest site (180 hectares)
• Flood risk
• Brownfield site (Quarry and cement works)
• Extremely important for wildlife although
lake will remain in plans. Fossils found
• 11, 400 population with 5,000 dwellings
(1,500 affordable homes)
• 500 + 2000 jobs
• Layout split into small areas
Site C: Middle Quinton,
• 240 hectares
• Flood risk
• Brownfield site (MOD)
• 15,000 population with 6,000 dwellings
(2,000 affordable homes)
• 3,000 new jobs
• Quick build
• Housing built amongst woodland and
• Improved access to M40
How sustainable is each option?
Use the resources to rank each factor -3 to +3
Factor Option A Option B Option C
Housing & the
Social & cultural
THE LAST QUESTION: Here you have to make your decision (note title of
paper!) This must be based on the evidence provided, but also on the
knowledge, skills and understanding you have acquired over the course.
You may well have to decide between a number of options – which do you
think is the best one? In the past they have asked pupils to choose two or
even to rank the options. Make sure your choice answers the question set-
don’t just prepare an essay for one option! It is possible that there could be
more than one suitable option; it doesn’t matter if your choice is different to
someone else’s, providing that:
• It ‘fits the bill’ i.e. it is a suitable choice for whatever the
scheme is required to do.
• You can justify your decision – can you make a good
argument for this? -
Why did you choose this in preference to others?
• This decision is based on the evidence in the resources
• The evidence suggests that the other options are less suitable