artisan <ul><li>(noun) a skilled worker who makes thing by hand </li></ul>
apprentice <ul><li>(noun) a person who learns a skill or trade from an experienced worker </li></ul>
journeyman <ul><li>(noun) a trained worker who is employed by someone else </li></ul>
town common <ul><li>(noun) an open space in the center of a town where cattle and sheep could graze </li></ul>
free-market economy <ul><li>(noun) a system in which prices are not controlled by the government </li></ul>
Free-Market Economy The colonies are a free-market system. This means that the king had little to no control over the economy in the colonies. *Each colony has its own government and they make everyday decisions *Conflicts between the English and colonists don’t begin until later when the English begin trying to control the finances of the colonists (taxes, fees, etc.)
Apprentices Children would go to school until the age of 9 or 10. Then they become an apprentice, learning a trade and working for free. *Room, clothing, and food paid for *At 21 you could work as a journeyman or try to start your own business
Indentured-Servants A person that could not pay for their trip to America would have his or her voyage paid for and then be indentured to a family or master for several years.
Slaves Slavery Begins: The growth of the tobacco industry creates the need for slave labor *Plantations system begins (crops such as rice, indigo, and cotton required cheap labor also) *Were often taught a trade, but never had the opportunity to run their own business
Slaves In 1640 there are less than 200 slaves in Virginia, but by 1700 there are more than 28,000 slaves in Virginia.