The Ex p lorers Why did Europeans sail to new places?
By: Mr. Casey
What’s it like in Europe?
Europe is suffering from plaque and disease, wars, and poverty.
The Middle Ages
The world according to Europe! This is the known world!
Europe is Changing
*Europe is in the middle of the renaissance
* 1295 Marco Polo comes back from being in Asia for 25 years. He tells stories of golden palaces, jewels, silk, and spices.
MARCO POLO’S ROUTE
The Ottoman Turks capture Constantinople
*1453 they capture the city of Constantinople and block trade through the city.
*Silk and spices become very hard to come by and very expensive
Europeans have to find a new way to Asia
The Silk Highway
*Route is long and filled with dangers, but the resources from Asia are in high demand
New Technology Changes Everything Gutenberg invents movable type and books are easier to print (1440)
New Technology Ma g netic Com p ass - a tool that shows which direction is north
New Technology Astrolabe - a tool that helped sailors use the sun and stars to find their location
New Technology Gun p owder - an explosive made of a mixture of saltpeter, sulfur, and charcoal
New Technology Caravel - a small ship designed by the Portuguese with a lateen (triangular) sail
China is much more advanced than any country in Europe
gunpowder movable type compass astronomy & navigation Zheng He
Why venture out and risk your life?
Money, wealth, and power
An explorer can get land, get rich and famous
Spread of Christianity
If you can convince a king or queen to pay for your expedition, you can earn ...
Imagine you are an entrepreneur and you want to lead an expedition to India and Asia; tell me what you would say to a king or queen and how you would sell them on giving you the resources you need to lead your expedition. Where would you go, how, and why? Choose one person to speak to the king or queen.