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  • 1. Who were the explorers and what did they find? UNIT 2, LESSON 2
    • By: Mr. Casey
  • 2. Carto g ra p her (Noun) A person who makes maps or charts
  • 3. Colon y (Noun) an area or place that is ruled by a distant country
  • 4. Reform (VERB) TO CHANGE Martin Luther Ninety-Five theses
  • 5. Convert (VERB) To change someone’s or one’s own beliefs
  • 6. Em p eror (NOUN) the ruler of an empire Moctezuma Ruler of the Aztec Empire
  • 7. Circumnavi g ate (NOUN) The act of sailing around something Magellan
  • 8. SPANISH POWER
    • The Cause & Effect of Spain’s power
  • 9. Ferdinand and Isabella Marry, joining two kingdoms
  • 10. SPANISH INQUISITION (1478)
    • “ You aren’t catholic? Get out or convert!”
  • 11. Columbus Finds the New World
    • Columbus starts a wave of exploration and trade
  • 12. The VASCO EFFECT
    • Vasco de Gama finds a new route to Asia (1497). The portuguese focus efforts and resources on a route to asia
  • 13. BALBOA’S GOLD
    • Vasco Nunez de balboa explores the area around modern day panama and discovers the pacific ocean and gold
    • then he sends 30,000 pieces of gold to the king of spain which creates a gold rush riches
  • 14. CHARLES I
    • Charles I comes to power (1516) and eventually creates a vast empire
    • He becomes Charles V, holy roman emperor and wants to spread catholicism
  • 15. CHARLES I Spain increases its power and empire
  • 16. THE CONQUISTADORS “The Conquerers”
  • 17. CORTES & The Aztecs
    • aztec empire is huge (200,000 soldiers)
    • 1519 -cortes only has 500 men, 16 horses, and 11 ships
    • Aztec people believe in the prophecy of Quetzalcoatl
    • Moctezuma sends gold plates and tells him not to come
    • cortes gathers tribes that oppose the aztecs to help him with the help of dona marina
  • 18. CORTES & The Aztecs
    • Cortes goes directly to Tenochtitlan
    • Many other tribes see Cortes as a liberator
    • It takes him two years and reinforcements but he defeats the aztecs in 1521
    • His army, disease, guns, and horses help him defeat the aztecs
    • They take control of the aztec lands and replace tenochtitlan with mexico city
  • 19. Pizzaro & The inca
  • 20. SPANISH POWER
    • Portuguese focus on routes to africa and the new world (Vasco de gama 1498)
    • Martin Luther and the protestant reformation create a rift between the Catholic church and other religions (1517)
    • The New World holds great riches (Gold, land, crops)
    • Spanish not only want to get rich, but now they want to spread catholicism across the world, Especially this new World (Reconquista)
    • Spanish Inquisition - (1478) Not catholic? “Get Out!”