The Road toRevolution(British Actions)By Mr. Casey
The Road toRevolution(American Actions)
Parliament• (noun) Great Britain’s lawmaking assembly
tariff• (noun) a tax on imported goods
protest• (verb) to speak out against something
petition• (noun) a document that people sign thatformally asks leaders to do or changesomething
repeal• (verb) to do away with
boycott• (verb) an organized refusal to buy goods orservices
COLONIAL FEELINGS• The colonists have been governing themselves for more than 100years.• Many colonists left Great Britain for freedom.• Many colonists are several generations removed from GreatBritain.• King George and Parliament are 3,000 miles away.• They follow British law but think of themselves as Americans.Theydon’t want a war, just equal rights and representation.
BRITISH FEELINGS• These colonists should be loyal to the king.• The colonists need to pay for the money spent during theFrench & Indian War (SevenYears War)• They are subjects of the king.The laws we give them arethe laws they should follow.
Timeline of Britishactions!
Timeline ofAmerican actions!
1735TRIAL OF JOHN PETERZENGER*Printer of NewYork Weekly Journal - He is putin jail for printing true (not kind) stories aboutthe royal governor,William Cosby.*He sits in jail for 10 months before he is givena trial.Then, the governor disbars his attorneysso he won’t have a good lawyer to representhim in his trial.TheThegovernorgovernorwaswascorrupt.corrupt.John Peter Zenger
1735TRIAL OF JOHN PETERZENGER*Luckily for Zenger, his friends know importantpeople and on the day of his trial Andrew Hamilton(the colony’s best lawyer) shows up to defend him.*Establishes freedom of speech and press, giving thecolonists the ability to publish cartoons, papers, andpamphlets criticizing the king.
1763The Proclamationof 1763*The king doesn’t want issueswith the Native Americans so heissues a proclamation statingthat colonists can’t settle westof the Appalachians.
1763The Proclamationof 1763*Colonists head west, ignoringthe proclamation, and settling inseveral areas to the west
1764Sugar Act*Taxed more goods beingimported from England andlimited the countries that thecolonies could trade with
1764Sugar Act*Colonists boycott British goods*James Otis writes “The Rightsof the British Colonies Assertedand Approved” - He says,“Notaxation withoutrepresentation.”
1764Currency Act*The colonies were no longerallowed to print their ownmoney.They depended on GreatBritain for the currency theyneeded to trade.
1765The Stamp Act*To help pay for British troops inthe colonies, Parliament passesthe Stamp Act (first direct taxon colonists). Colonists mustaffix documents like newspapers,pamphlets, books, etc. with astamp.
1765The Stamp Act*Sons of Liberty is formed (secret organization that meets todiscuss ways to challenge the Stamp Act through intimidation andsabotage)*Mob attacks home of Mass. Chief Justice,Thomas Hutchinson*Business shuts down throughout the colonies*Stamp Act Congress sends a response to Parliament and theCrown (for the first time representatives from different colonies gottogether to discuss a united response)
1765The Quartering Act*Required colonists to houseBritish soldiers and feed them
1765The Quartering Act*NewYork Assembly votes toignore the act-Parliamentsuspends the governor*Violence breaks out betweenthe Sons of Liberty and soldiersacross NewYork city
1766Ben Franklin speaks toParliament - Stamp ActRepealed*Franklin speaks to Parliamentwarning that there could be war if theStamp Act is not repealed.The act isrepealed and the colonists celebratein the streets.
1766Stamp ActRepealed, but...... Declaratory ActCreated!*It states that Parliament has theright to pass laws on thecoloniesI argued toI argued tohave thehave theStamp ActStamp Actrepealed!repealed!You’reYou’reWelcome!Welcome!
1767Townshend Acts*Taxes on everyday goods suchas glass,lead,paper,paints, andtea.*The British send warships toBoston harbor and troops intoBoston to enforce taxes.
1767Townshend Acts*NewYork and Bostonmerchants agree to boycottBritish goods*1769-Rhode Island, New Jersey,North Carolina, and Philadelphiamerchants join the boycott
1770Boston Massacre*Colonists surround and throwrocks at a few British troops.The troops fire on the crowdand kill five people.The firstperson killed is Crispus Attucks,a former slave.
1770Boston Massacre*Several colonists shot by Britishtroops.*Paul Revere’s famous print ofthe “Massacre” spreads angerand resentment throughout thecolonies
1770Repeal theTownshend andQuartering Act*Colonists successfullyboycott Acts, forcingParliament to repealthem
1770Repeal theTownshend andQuartering Act*Ends the acts but leaves a smalltax on tea
1773Tea Act*A threepenny per pound tax onall imported tea.The act gavethe British East India companyan advantage over Americancompetitors by allowing them tosell to anyone and sell at a lowerprice
1773BostonTea Party*In response to the Tea ActSamuel Adams and the Sons ofLiberty organize the Boston TeaParty (convinces John Adamsand John Hancock to joinrebellion)
1773BostonTea Party*Colonists disguised as MohawkIndians dump 342 containers ofBritish tea into the harbor
1774Coercive Acts(Intolerable Acts)*This included theMassachusetts Government Act,Administration of Justice Act,Quartering Act, and Boston PortAct.*Shut down the port of Bostonuntil they pay the money owedfrom the Boston Tea Party*Massachusetts is put undermilitary rule
1773Committee ofCorrespondence*The assemblies of severalcolonies decide it would be agood idea to keep the coloniesinformed and communicatingthrough a system ofcorrespondence.
1774Coercive Acts(Intolerable Acts)
1774Quebec Act*The British governmentextends the boundaries ofCanada, attempting to take partof Massachusetts,Virginia, andConnecticut.
1774The First Continental Congress*Representatives from the coloniesmeet to discuss how they will addressthe Intolerable Acts*Write the “Declaration of Rights andGrievances”
1775“Give me liberty orgive me death!”*Patrick Henry delivers a fieryspeech to TheVirginia House ofBurgesses declaring that he isready to fight(Not everyone is swayed, someleaders are still loyal to thecrown)
1775New EnglandRestraining Act*Parliament passes a law thatrequires New England coloniesto trade only with England.
1775Lexington & Concord*British troops try to confiscate gunsand ammunition.The first shots of therevolution are fired and the warbegins.“One if by land, two ifby sea!”Paul Revere, WilliamDawes, SamuelPrescott and othersride to warn Adams,Hancock and otherpatriots of the comingBritish!
1775Lexington & Concord*Colonial militia chase British troops backto Boston*15,000 American troops surround Bostonarmy
1775Ethan Allen Captures FortTiconderoga*Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys capture astrategic fort without a shot being fired*They want the cannons of Fort T. for Bostons*The Second Continental Congress places thecolonies in a state of defense and appoints GeorgeWashington, commander of the new continental army
1775Battle of BunkerHill*British troops attack the hillssurrounding Boston.They chargeup Breed’s Hill.They are held offtwice before overrunning theAmerican lines.The British losemore than 1,000 men.
1775Olive BranchPetition Ignored*The members ofParliament and the kingignore a peace settlementoffered up by the colonists
1776Common SenseThomas Paine, an Englishman, writes Common Sense* It was written in plain language and argued that an island nation andone man should not rule a continent.* More than 100,000 copies are distributed throughout the colonies inthree months.* It argues that the crown is 3,000 miles away and rules for itself.Theyare too far away to respond to the needs of the colonies and only careabout themselves
1776The Declaration ofIndependence*Thomas Jefferson presents theDeclaration of Independence(inspired by the ideas of JohnLocke and Thomas Paine)
Big Ideas• There is unity in the colonies• They have a governing body (Continental Congress)and leadership (George Washington, Ben Franklin,Thomas Jefferson,etc.)• The theme of freedom and equality has spreadthroughout the colonies (Common Sense, Europeanphilosophers, James Otis’ and Patrick Henry’s speeches)• The British know that they are in for a real fight(Lexington and Concord, Battle of Bunker Hill)
There is no going backnow!Read Patrick Henry’s speech to theVirginia House of Burgesses:New Nation p. 339